ExploreTracing in Explore

Tracing in Explore

Explore allows you to visualize traces from tracing data sources. This is available in Grafana v7.0+.

Supported data sources are:

For information on how to configure queries for the data sources listed above, refer to the documentation for specific data source.

Trace View explanation

This section explains the elements of the Trace View dashboard.

Screenshot of the trace view
Screenshot of the trace view
Screenshot of the trace view header
Screenshot of the trace view header
  • Header title: Shows the name of the root span and trace ID.
  • Search: Highlights spans containing the searched text.
  • Metadata: Various metadata about the trace.

Minimap

Screenshot of the trace view minimap
Screenshot of the trace view minimap

Shows condensed view or the trace timeline. Drag your mouse over the minimap to zoom into smaller time range. Zooming will also update the main timeline, so it is easy to see shorter spans. Hovering over the minimap, when zoomed, will show Reset Selection button which resets the zoom.

Timeline

Screenshot of the trace view timeline
Screenshot of the trace view timeline

Shows list of spans within the trace. Each span row consists of these components:

  • Expand children button: Expands or collapses all the children spans of selected span.
  • Service name: Name of the service logged the span.
  • Operation name: Name of the operation that this span represents.
  • Span duration bar: Visual representation of the operation duration within the trace.

Clicking anywhere on the span row shows span details.

Span details

Screenshot of the trace view span details
Screenshot of the trace view span details
  • Operation name
  • Span metadata
  • Tags: Any tags associated with this span.
  • Process metadata: Metadata about the process that logged this span.
  • Logs: List of logs logged by this span and associated key values. In case of Zipkin logs section shows Zipkin annotations.

Node graph

You can optionally expand the node graph for the displayed trace. Depending on the data source, this can show spans of the trace as nodes in the graph, or as some additional context like service graph based on the current trace.

Node graph

Trace to logs

Note: Available in Grafana 7.4 and later versions.

You can navigate from a span in a trace view directly to logs relevant for that span. This is available for Tempo, Jaeger, and Zipkin data sources at this moment. Refer to their relevant documentation for instructions on how to configure this feature.

Screenshot of the trace view in Explore with icon next to the spans
Screenshot of the trace view in Explore with icon next to the spans

Click the document icon to open a split view in Explore with the configured data source and query relevant logs for the span.

APM dashboard

Application performance management (APM) uses data gathered from services, agents, systems, and microservices to visualize and identify areas of concern.

The Grafana APM dashboard visualizes the span metrics (traces data for rates, error rates, and durations (RED)) and service graphs. Once the requirements are set up, this pre-configured dashboard is immediately available.

For more information, refer to the APM table section of the Tempo data source page and the APM dashboard page in the Tempo documentation.

Screenshot of the APM dashboard
Screenshot of the APM dashboard

Data API

This visualization needs a specific shape of the data to be returned from the data source in order to correctly display it.

Data source needs to return data frame and set frame.meta.preferredVisualisationType = 'trace'.

Data frame structure

Required fields:

Field nameTypeDescription
traceIDstringIdentifier for the entire trace. There should be only one trace in the data frame.
spanIDstringIdentifier for the current span. SpanIDs should be unique per trace.
parentSpanIDstringSpanID of the parent span to create child parent relationship in the trace view. Can be undefined for root span without a parent.
serviceNamestringName of the service this span is part of.
serviceTagsTraceKeyValuePair[]List of tags relevant for the service.
startTimenumberStart time of the span in millisecond epoch time.
durationnumberDuration of the span in milliseconds.

Optional fields:

Field nameTypeDescription
logsTraceLog[]List of logs associated with the current span.
tagsTraceKeyValuePair[]List of tags associated with the current span.
warningsstring[]List of warnings associated with the current span.
stackTracesstring[]List of stack traces associated with the current span.
errorIconColorstringColor of the error icon in case span is tagged with error: true.

For details about the types see TraceSpanRow, TraceKeyValuePair and TraceLog