AdministrationRoles and permissionsGrafana Role-based access control (RBAC)Grafana RBAC role definitions

RBAC role definitions

The following tables list permissions associated with basic and fixed roles.

Basic role assignments

Basic role Associated fixed roles Description
Grafana Admin fixed:roles:reader
fixed:roles:writer
fixed:users:reader
fixed:users:writer
fixed:org.users:reader
fixed:org.users:writer
fixed:ldap:reader
fixed:ldap:writer
fixed:stats:reader
fixed:settings:reader
fixed:settings:writer
fixed:provisioning:writer
fixed:organization:reader
fixed:organization:maintainer
fixed:licensing:reader
fixed:licensing:writer
Default Grafana server administrator assignments.
Admin fixed:reports:reader
fixed:reports:writer
fixed:datasources:reader
fixed:datasources:writer
fixed:organization:writer
fixed:datasources.permissions:reader
fixed:datasources.permissions:writer
fixed:teams:writer
fixed:dashboards:reader
fixed:dashboards:writer
fixed:dashboards.permissions:reader
fixed:dashboards.permissions:writer
fixed:folders:reader
fixes:folders:writer
fixed:folders.permissions:reader
fixed:folders.permissions:writer
fixed:alerting:writer
fixed:apikeys:reader
fixed:apikeys:writer
fixed:alerting.provisioning:writer
Default Grafana organization administrator assignments.
Editor fixed:datasources:explorer
fixed:dashboards:creator
fixed:folders:creator
fixed:annotations:writer
fixed:teams:creator if the editors_can_admin configuration flag is enabled
fixed:alerting:writer
Default Editor assignments.
Viewer fixed:datasources:id:reader
fixed:organization:reader
fixed:annotations:reader
fixed:annotations.dashboard:writer
fixed:alerting:reader
Default Viewer assignments.

Fixed role definitions

Fixed role Permissions Description
fixed:alerting.instances:editor All permissions from fixed:alerting.instances:reader and
alert.instances:create
alert.instances:write for organization scope
alert.instances.external:write for scope datasources:*
Create, update and expire all silences in the organization produced by Grafana, Mimir, and Loki.*
fixed:alerting.instances:reader alert.instances:read for organization scope
alert.instances.external:read for scope datasources:*
Read all alerts and silences in the organization produced by Grafana Alerts and Mimir and Loki alerts and silences.*
fixed:alerting.notifications:editor All permissions from fixed:alerting.notifications:reader and
alert.notifications:writefor organization scope
alert.notifications.external:read for scope datasources:*
Create, update, and delete contact points, templates, mute timings and notification policies for Grafana and external Alertmanager.*
fixed:alerting.notifications:reader alert.notifications:read for organization scope
alert.notifications.external:read for scope datasources:*
Read all Grafana and Alertmanager contact points, templates, and notification policies.*
fixed:alerting.rules:editor All permissions from fixed:alerting.rules:reader and
alert.rule:create
alert.rule:write
alert.rule:delete for scope folders:*
alert.rules.external:write for scope datasources:*
Create, update, and delete all* Grafana, Mimir, and Loki alert rules.*
fixed:alerting.rules:reader alert.rule:read for scope folders:*
alert.rules.external:read for scope datasources:*
Read all* Grafana, Mimir, and Loki alert rules.*
fixed:alerting:editor All permissions from fixed:alerting.rules:editor
fixed:alerting.instances:editor
fixed:alerting.notifications:editor
Create, update, and delete Grafana, Mimir, Loki and Alertmanager alert rules*, silences, contact points, templates, mute timings, and notification policies.*
fixed:alerting:reader All permissions from fixed:alerting.rules:reader
fixed:alerting.instances:reader
fixed:alerting.notifications:reader
Read-only permissions for all Grafana, Mimir, Loki and Alertmanager alert rules*, alerts, contact points, and notification policies.*
fixed:annotations.dashboard:writer annotations:write
annotations.create
annotations:delete for scope annotations:type:dashboard
Create, update and delete dashboard annotations and annotation tags.
fixed:annotations:reader annotations:read for scopes annotations:type:* Read all annotations and annotation tags.
fixed:annotations:writer All permissions from fixed:annotations:reader
annotations:write
annotations.create
annotations:delete for scope annotations:type:*
Read, create, update and delete all annotations and annotation tags.
fixed:apikeys:reader apikeys:read for scope apikeys:* Read all api keys.
fixed:apikeys:writer All permissions from fixed:apikeys:reader and
apikeys:create
apikeys:delete for scope apikeys:*
Read, create, delete all api keys.
fixed:dashboards.permissions:reader dashboards.permissions:read Read all dashboard permissions.
fixed:dashboards.permissions:writer All permissions from fixed:dashboards.permissions:reader and
dashboards.permissions:write
Read and update all dashboard permissions.
fixed:dashboards:creator dashboards:create
folders:read
Create dashboards.
fixed:dashboards:reader dashboards:read Read all dashboards.
fixed:dashboards:writer All permissions from fixed:dashboards:reader and
dashboards:write
dashboards:edit
dashboards:delete
dashboards:create
dashboards.permissions:read
dashboards.permissions:write
Read, create, update, and delete all dashboards.
fixed:datasources.permissions:reader datasources.permissions:read Read data source permissions.
fixed:datasources.permissions:writer All permissions from fixed:datasources.permissions:reader and
datasources.permissions:write
Create, read, or delete permissions of a data source.
fixed:datasources:explorer datasources:explore Enable the Explore feature. Data source permissions still apply, you can only query data sources for which you have query permissions.
fixed:datasources:id:reader datasources.id:read Read the ID of a data source based on its name.
fixed:datasources:reader datasources:read
datasources:query
Read and query data sources.
fixed:datasources:writer All permissions from fixed:datasources:reader and
datasources:create
datasources:write
datasources:delete
Read, query, create, delete, or update a data source.
fixed:folders.permissions:reader folders.permissions:read Read all folder permissions.
fixed:folders.permissions:writer All permissions from fixed:folders.permissions:reader and
folders.permissions:write
Read and update all folder permissions.
fixed:folders:creator folders:create Create folders.
fixed:folders:reader folders:read
dashboards:read
Read all folders and dashboards.
fixed:folders:writer All permissions from fixed:dashboards:writer and
folders:read
folders:write
folders:create
folders:delete
folders.permissions:read
folders.permissions:write
Read, create, update, and delete all folders and dashboards.
fixed:ldap:reader ldap.user:read
ldap.status:read
Read the LDAP configuration and LDAP status information.
fixed:ldap:writer All permissions from fixed:ldap:reader and
ldap.user:sync
ldap.config:reload
Read and update the LDAP configuration, and read LDAP status information.
fixed:licensing:reader licensing:read
licensing.reports:read
Read licensing information and licensing reports.
fixed:licensing:writer All permissions from fixed:licensing:viewer and
licensing:write
licensing:delete
Read licensing information and licensing reports, update and delete the license token.
fixed:org.users:reader org.users:read Read users within a single organization.
fixed:org.users:writer All permissions from fixed:org.users:reader and
org.users:add
org.users:remove
org.users:write
Within a single organization, add a user, invite a user, read information about a user and their role, remove a user from that organization, or change the role of a user.
fixed:organization:maintainer All permissions from fixed:organization:reader and
orgs:write
orgs:create
orgs:delete
orgs.quotas:write
Create, read, write, or delete an organization. Read or write its quotas. This role needs to be assigned globally.
fixed:organization:reader orgs:read
orgs.quotas:read
Read an organization and its quotas.
fixed:organization:writer All permissions from fixed:organization:reader and
orgs:write
orgs.preferences:read
orgs.preferences:write
Read an organization, its quotas, or its preferences. Update organization properties, or its preferences.
fixed:provisioning:writer provisioning:reload Reload provisioning.
fixed:reports:reader reports:read
reports:send
reports.settings:read
Read all reports and shared report settings.
fixed:reports:writer All permissions from fixed:reports:reader and
reports:create
reports:write
reports:delete
reports.settings:write
Create, read, update, or delete all reports and shared report settings.
fixed:roles:reader roles:read
teams.roles:read
users.roles:read
users.permissions:read
Read all access control roles, roles and permissions assigned to users, teams.
fixed:roles:writer All permissions from fixed:roles:reader and
roles:write
roles:delete
teams.roles:add
teams.roles:remove
users.roles:add
users.roles:remove
Create, read, update, or delete all roles, assign or unassign roles to users, teams.
fixed:roles:resetter roles:write with scope permissions:type:escalate Reset basic roles to their default.
fixed:settings:reader settings:read Read Grafana instance settings.
fixed:settings:writer All permissions from fixed:settings:reader and
settings:write
Read and update Grafana instance settings.
fixed:stats:reader server.stats:read Read Grafana instance statistics.
fixed:teams:creator teams:create
org.users:read
Create a team and list organization users (required to manage the created team).
fixed:teams:writer teams:create
teams:delete
teams:read
teams:write
teams.permissions:read
teams.permissions:write
Create, read, update and delete teams and manage team memberships.
fixed:users:reader users:read
users.quotas:read
users.authtoken:read
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Read all users and their information, such as team memberships, authentication tokens, and quotas.
fixed:users:writer All permissions from fixed:users:reader and
users:write
users:create
users:delete
users:enable
users:disable
users.password:write
users.permissions:write
users:logout
users.authtoken:write
users.quotas:write
Read and update all attributes and settings for all users in Grafana: update user information, read user information, create or enable or disable a user, make a user a Grafana administrator, sign out a user, update a user’s authentication token, or update quotas for all users.

Alerting roles

If alerting is enabled, you can use predefined roles to manage user access to alert rules, alert instances, and alert notification settings and create custom roles to limit user access to alert rules in a folder.

Access to Grafana alert rules is an intersection of many permissions:

  • Permission to read a folder. For example, the fixed role fixed:folders:reader includes the action folders:read and a folder scope folders:id:.
  • Permission to query all data sources that a given alert rule uses. If a user cannot query a given data source, they cannot see any alert rules that query that data source.

For more information about the permissions required to access alert rules, refer to Create a custom role to access alerts in a folder.