SetupInstall GrafanaInstall on Debian or Ubuntu

Install on Debian or Ubuntu

This page explains how to install Grafana dependencies, download and install Grafana, get the service up and running on your Debian or Ubuntu system, and also describes the installation package details.

Repository migration (November 8th 2022)

From that date, Grafana packages will be served from a new repository (<packages.grafana.com/deb/{product}> -> <apt.grafana.com>). The new repository serves, from a single APT configuration, all Grafana OSS products, as well as Grafana Enterprise.

The old URLs will still work, serving the content from the new repository, but you may encounter warnings about some repository attributes changing (e.g. Origin and Label).

Note on upgrading

While the process for upgrading Grafana is very similar to installing Grafana, there are some key backup steps you should perform. Read Upgrading Grafana for tips and guidance on updating an existing installation.

1. Download and install

You can install Grafana using our official APT repository, by downloading a .deb package, or by downloading a binary .tar.gz file.

Install from APT repository

If you install from the APT repository, then Grafana is automatically updated every time you run apt-get update.

Grafana VersionPackageRepository
Grafana Enterprisegrafana-enterprisehttps://apt.grafana.com stable main
Grafana Enterprise (Beta)grafana-enterprisehttps://apt.grafana.com beta main
Grafana OSSgrafanahttps://apt.grafana.com stable main
Grafana OSS (Beta)grafanahttps://apt.grafana.com beta main

Note: Grafana Enterprise is the recommended and default edition. It is available for free and includes all the features of the OSS edition. You can also upgrade to the full Enterprise feature set, which has support for Enterprise plugins.

To install the latest release:

sudo apt-get install -y apt-transport-https
sudo apt-get install -y software-properties-common wget
sudo wget -q -O /usr/share/keyrings/grafana.key https://apt.grafana.com/gpg.key

Add this repository for stable releases:

echo "deb [signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/grafana.key] https://apt.grafana.com stable main" | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list.d/grafana.list

Add this repository if you want beta releases:

echo "deb [signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/grafana.key] https://apt.grafana.com beta main" | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list.d/grafana.list

After you add the repository:

sudo apt-get update

# Install the latest OSS release:
sudo apt-get install grafana

# Install the latest Enterprise release:
sudo apt-get install grafana-enterprise

Install .deb package

If you install the .deb package, then you will need to manually update Grafana for each new version.

  1. On the Grafana download page, select the Grafana version you want to install.
    • The most recent Grafana version is selected by default.
    • The Version field displays only finished releases. If you want to install a beta version, click Nightly Builds and then select a version.
  2. Select an Edition.
    • Enterprise - Recommended download. Functionally identical to the open source version, but includes features you can unlock with a license if you so choose.
    • Open Source - Functionally identical to the Enterprise version, but you will need to download the Enterprise version if you want Enterprise features.
  3. Depending on which system you are running, click Linux or ARM.
  4. Copy and paste the code from the installation page into your command line and run. It follows the pattern shown below.
sudo apt-get install -y adduser
wget <.deb package url>
sudo dpkg -i grafana<edition>_<version>_amd64.deb

Install from binary .tar.gz file

Download the latest .tar.gz file and extract it. The files extract into a folder named after the Grafana version downloaded. This folder contains all files required to run Grafana. There are no init scripts or install scripts in this package.

wget <tar.gz package url>
sudo tar -zxvf <tar.gz package>

2. Start the server

This starts the grafana-server process as the grafana user, which was created during the package installation.

If you installed with the APT repository or .deb package, then you can start the server using systemd or init.d. If you installed a binary .tar.gz file, then you need to execute the binary.

Start the server with systemd

To start the service and verify that the service has started:

sudo systemctl daemon-reload
sudo systemctl start grafana-server
sudo systemctl status grafana-server

Configure the Grafana server to start at boot:

sudo systemctl enable grafana-server.service

Serving Grafana on a port < 1024

If you are using systemd and want to start Grafana on a port that is less than 1024, then you must add a systemd unit override.

  1. The following command creates an override file in your configured editor:
# Alternatively, create a file in /etc/systemd/system/grafana-server.service.d/override.conf
systemctl edit grafana-server.service

1 Add these additional settings to grant the CAP_NET_BIND_SERVICE capability. To read more about capabilities, see the manual page on capabilities.

[Service]
# Give the CAP_NET_BIND_SERVICE capability
CapabilityBoundingSet=CAP_NET_BIND_SERVICE
AmbientCapabilities=CAP_NET_BIND_SERVICE

# A private user cannot have process capabilities on the host's user
# namespace and thus CAP_NET_BIND_SERVICE has no effect.
PrivateUsers=false

Start the server with init.d

To start the service and verify that the service has started:

sudo service grafana-server start
sudo service grafana-server status

Configure the Grafana server to start at boot:

sudo update-rc.d grafana-server defaults

Execute the binary

The grafana-server binary .tar.gz needs the working directory to be the root install directory where the binary and the public folder are located.

Start Grafana by running:

./bin/grafana-server web

Package details

  • Installs binary to /usr/sbin/grafana-server
  • Installs Init.d script to /etc/init.d/grafana-server
  • Creates default file (environment vars) to /etc/default/grafana-server
  • Installs configuration file to /etc/grafana/grafana.ini
  • Installs systemd service (if systemd is available) name grafana-server.service
  • The default configuration sets the log file at /var/log/grafana/grafana.log
  • The default configuration specifies a SQLite3 db at /var/lib/grafana/grafana.db
  • Installs HTML/JS/CSS and other Grafana files at /usr/share/grafana

Next steps

Refer to the Getting Started guide for information about logging in, setting up data sources, and so on.

Configure Grafana

Refer to the Configuration page for details on options for customizing your environment, logging, database, and so on.