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Configure generic OAuth2 authentication

There are numerous authentication methods available in Grafana to verify user identity. The authentication configuration dictates which users can access Grafana and the methods they can use for logging in. You can also configure Grafana to automatically update users’ roles and team memberships in Grafana based on the information returned by the auth provider integration.

When deciding on an authentication method, it’s important to take into account your current identity and access management system as well as the specific authentication and authorization features you require. For a complete list of the available authentication options and the features they support, refer to Configure authentication.

Grafana provides OAuth2 integrations for the following auth providers:

If your OAuth2 provider is not listed, you can use generic OAuth2 authentication.

This topic describes how to configure generic OAuth2 authentication and includes examples of setting up generic OAuth2 with specific OAuth2 providers.

Before you begin

To follow this guide:

  • Ensure that you have access to the Grafana configuration file.
  • Ensure you know how to create an OAuth2 application with your OAuth2 provider. Consult the documentation of your OAuth2 provider for more information.
  • If you are using refresh tokens, ensure you know how to set them up with your OAuth2 provider. Consult the documentation of your OAuth2 provider for more information.

Steps

To integrate your OAuth2 provider with Grafana using our generic OAuth2 authentication, follow these steps:

  1. Create an OAuth2 application in your chosen OAuth2 provider.

  2. Set the callback URL for your OAuth2 app to http://<my_grafana_server_name_or_ip>:<grafana_server_port>/login/generic_oauth.

    Ensure that the callback URL is the complete HTTP address that you use to access Grafana via your browser, but with the appended path of /login/generic_oauth.

    For the callback URL to be correct, it might be necessary to set the root_url option in the [server]section of the Grafana configuration file. For example, if you are serving Grafana behind a proxy.

  3. Refer to the following table to update field values located in the [auth.generic_oauth] section of the Grafana configuration file:

    FieldDescription
    client_id, client_secretThese values must match the client ID and client secret from your OAuth2 app.
    auth_urlThe authorization endpoint of your OAuth2 provider.
    api_urlThe user information endpoint of your OAuth2 provider. Information returned by this endpoint must be compatible with OpenID UserInfo.
    enabledEnables generic OAuth2 authentication. Set this value to true.

    Review the list of other generic OAuth2 configuration options and complete them, as necessary.

  4. Optional: Configure a refresh token:

    a. Extend the scopes field of [auth.generic_oauth] section in Grafana configuration file with refresh token scope used by your OAuth2 provider.

    b. Set use_refresh_token to true in [auth.generic_oauth] section in Grafana configuration file.

    c. Enable the refresh token on the provider if required.

  5. Configure role mapping.

  6. Optional: Configure team synchronization.

  7. Restart Grafana.

    You should now see a generic OAuth2 login button on the login page and be able to log in or sign up with your OAuth2 provider.

Configuration options

The following table outlines the various generic OAuth2 configuration options. You can apply these options as environment variables, similar to any other configuration within Grafana.

SettingRequiredDescriptionDefault
enabledNoEnables generic OAuth2 authentication.false
nameNoName that refers to the generic OAuth2 authentication from the Grafana user interface.OAuth
iconNoIcon used for the generic OAuth2 authentication in the Grafana user interface.signin
client_idYesClient ID provided by your OAuth2 app.
client_secretYesClient secret provided by your OAuth2 app.
auth_urlYesAuthorization endpoint of your OAuth2 provider.
token_urlYesEndpoint used to obtain the OAuth2 access token.
api_urlYesEndpoint used to obtain user information compatible with OpenID UserInfo.
auth_styleNoName of the OAuth2 AuthStyle to be used when ID token is requested from OAuth2 provider. It determines how client_id and client_secret are sent to Oauth2 provider. Available values are AutoDetect, InParams and InHeader.AutoDetect
scopesNoList of comma- or space-separated OAuth2 scopes.user:email
empty_scopesNoSet to true to use an empty scope during authentication.false
allow_sign_upNoControls Grafana user creation through the generic OAuth2 login. Only existing Grafana users can log in with generic OAuth if set to false.true
auto_loginNoSet to true to enable users to bypass the login screen and automatically log in. This setting is ignored if you configure multiple auth providers to use auto-login.false
id_token_attribute_nameNoThe name of the key used to extract the ID token from the returned OAuth2 token.id_token
login_attribute_pathNoJMESPath expression to use for user login lookup from the user ID token. For more information on how user login is retrieved, refer to Configure login.
name_attribute_pathNoJMESPath expression to use for user name lookup from the user ID token. This name will be used as the user’s display name. For more information on how user display name is retrieved, refer to Configure display name.
email_attribute_pathNoJMESPath expression to use for user email lookup from the user information. For more information on how user email is retrieved, refer to Configure email address.
email_attribute_nameNoName of the key to use for user email lookup within the attributes map of OAuth2 ID token. For more information on how user email is retrieved, refer to Configure email address.email:primary
role_attribute_pathNoJMESPath expression to use for Grafana role lookup. Grafana will first evaluate the expression using the OAuth2 ID token. If no role is found, the expression will be evaluated using the user information obtained from the UserInfo endpoint. The result of the evaluation should be a valid Grafana role (Viewer, Editor, Admin or GrafanaAdmin). For more information on user role mapping, refer to Configure role mapping.
role_attribute_strictNoSet to true to deny user login if the Grafana role cannot be extracted using role_attribute_path. For more information on user role mapping, refer to Configure role mapping.false
allow_assign_grafana_adminNoSet to true to enable automatic sync of the Grafana server administrator role. If this option is set to true and the result of evaluating role_attribute_path for a user is GrafanaAdmin, Grafana grants the user the server administrator privileges and organization administrator role. If this option is set to false and the result of evaluating role_attribute_path for a user is GrafanaAdmin, Grafana grants the user only organization administrator role. For more information on user role mapping, refer to Configure role mapping.false
skip_org_role_syncNoSet to true to stop automatically syncing user roles. This will allow you to set organization roles for your users from within Grafana manually.false
groups_attribute_pathNoJMESPath expression to use for user group lookup. Grafana will first evaluate the expression using the OAuth2 ID token. If no groups are found, the expression will be evaluated using the user information obtained from the UserInfo endpoint. The result of the evaluation should be a string array of groups.
allowed_groupsNoList of comma- or space-separated groups. The user should be a member of at least one group to log in. If you configure allowed_groups, you must also configure groups_attribute_path.
allowed_organizationsNoList of comma- or space-separated organizations. The user should be a member of at least one organization to log in.
allowed_domainsNoList comma- or space-separated domains. The user should belong to at least one domain to log in.
team_idsNoString list of team IDs. If set, the user must be a member of one of the given teams to log in. If you configure team_ids, you must also configure teams_url and team_ids_attribute_path.
team_ids_attribute_pathNoThe JMESPath expression to use for Grafana team ID lookup within the results returned by the teams_url endpoint.
teams_urlNoThe URL used to query for team IDs. If not set, the default value is /teams. If you configure teams_url, you must also configure team_ids_attribute_path.
tls_skip_verify_insecureNoIf set to true, the client accepts any certificate presented by the server and any host name in that certificate. You should only use this for testing, because this mode leaves SSL/TLS susceptible to man-in-the-middle attacks.false
tls_client_certNoThe path to the certificate.
tls_client_keyNoThe path to the key.
tls_client_caNoThe path to the trusted certificate authority list.
use_pkceNoSet to true to use Proof Key for Code Exchange (PKCE). Grafana uses the SHA256 based S256 challenge method and a 128 bytes (base64url encoded) code verifier.false
use_refresh_tokenNoSet to true to use refresh token and check access token expiration.false

Configure login

Grafana can resolve a user’s login from the OAuth2 ID token or user information retrieved from the OAuth2 UserInfo endpoint. Grafana looks at these sources in the order listed until it finds a login. If no login is found, then the user’s login is set to user’s email address.

Refer to the following table for information on what to configure based on how your Oauth2 provider returns a user’s login:

Source of loginRequired configuration
login or username field of the OAuth2 ID token.N/A
Another field of the OAuth2 ID token.Set login_attribute_path configuration option.
login or username field of the user information from the UserInfo endpoint.N/A
Another field of the user information from the UserInfo endpoint.Set login_attribute_path configuration option.

Configure display name

Grafana can resolve a user’s display name from the OAuth2 ID token or user information retrieved from the OAuth2 UserInfo endpoint. Grafana looks at these sources in the order listed until it finds a display name. If no display name is found, then user’s login is displayed instead.

Refer to the following table for information on what you need to configure depending on how your Oauth2 provider returns a user’s name:

Source of display nameRequired configuration
name or display_name field of the OAuth2 ID token.N/A
Another field of the OAuth2 ID token.Set name_attribute_path configuration option.
name or display_name field of the user information from the UserInfo endpoint.N/A
Another field of the user information from the UserInfo endpoint.Set name_attribute_path configuration option.

Configure email address

Grafana can resolve the user’s email address from the OAuth2 ID token, the user information retrieved from the OAuth2 UserInfo endpoint, or the OAuth2 /emails endpoint. Grafana looks at these sources in the order listed until an email address is found. If no email is found, then the email address of the user is set to an empty string.

Refer to the following table for information on what to configure based on how the Oauth2 provider returns a user’s email address:

Source of email addressRequired configuration
email field of the OAuth2 ID token.N/A
attributes map of the OAuth2 ID token.Set email_attribute_name configuration option. By default, Grafana searches for email under email:primary key.
upn field of the OAuth2 ID token.N/A
email field of the user information from the UserInfo endpoint.N/A
Another field of the user information from the UserInfo endpoint.Set email_attribute_path configuration option.
Email address marked as primary from the /emails endpoint of
the OAuth2 provider (obtained by appending /emails to the URL
configured with api_url)
N/A

Configure a refresh token

Note: This feature is behind the accessTokenExpirationCheck feature toggle.

When a user logs in using an OAuth2 provider, Grafana verifies that the access token has not expired. When an access token expires, Grafana uses the provided refresh token (if any exists) to obtain a new access token.

Grafana uses a refresh token to obtain a new access token without requiring the user to log in again. If a refresh token doesn’t exist, Grafana logs the user out of the system after the access token has expired.

To configure generic OAuth2 to use a refresh token, set use_refresh_token configuration option to true and perform one or both of the following steps, if required:

  1. Extend the scopes field of [auth.generic_oauth] section in Grafana configuration file with additional scopes.
  2. Enable the refresh token on the provider.

Note: The accessTokenExpirationCheck feature toggle will be removed in Grafana v10.3.0 and the use_refresh_token configuration value will be used instead for configuring refresh token fetching and access token expiration check.

Configure role mapping

Unless skip_org_role_sync option is enabled, the user’s role will be set to the role retrieved from the auth provider upon user login.

The user’s role is retrieved using a JMESPath expression from the role_attribute_path configuration option. To map the server administrator role, use the allow_assign_grafana_admin configuration option. Refer to configuration options for more information.

If no valid role is found, the user is assigned the role specified by the auto_assign_org_role option. You can disable this default role assignment by setting role_attribute_strict = true. This setting denies user access if no role or an invalid role is returned.

To ease configuration of a proper JMESPath expression, go to JMESPath to test and evaluate expressions with custom payloads.

Role mapping examples

This section includes examples of JMESPath expressions used for role mapping.

Map user organization role

In this example, the user has been granted the role of an Editor. The role assigned is based on the value of the property role, which must be a valid Grafana role such as Admin, Editor, Viewer or None.

Payload:

json
{
    ...
    "role": "Editor",
    ...
}

Config:

bash
role_attribute_path = role

In the following more complex example, the user has been granted the Admin role. This is because they are a member of the admin group of their OAuth2 provider. If the user was a member of the editor group, they would be granted the Editor role, otherwise Viewer.

Payload:

json
{
    ...
    "info": {
        ...
        "groups": [
            "engineer",
            "admin",
        ],
        ...
    },
    ...
}

Config:

bash
role_attribute_path = contains(info.groups[*], 'admin') && 'Admin' || contains(info.groups[*], 'editor') && 'Editor' || 'Viewer'

Map server administrator role

In the following example, the user is granted the Grafana server administrator role.

Payload:

json
{
    ...
    "info": {
        ...
        "roles": [
            "admin",
        ],
        ...
    },
    ...
}

Config:

ini
role_attribute_path = contains(info.roles[*], 'admin') && 'GrafanaAdmin' || contains(info.roles[*], 'editor') && 'Editor' || 'Viewer'
allow_assign_grafana_admin = true

Map one role to all users

In this example, all users will be assigned Viewer role regardless of the user information received from the identity provider.

Config:

ini
role_attribute_path = "'Viewer'"
skip_org_role_sync = false

Configure team synchronization

Note: Available in Grafana Enterprise and Grafana Cloud.

By using Team Sync, you can link your OAuth2 groups to teams within Grafana. This will automatically assign users to the appropriate teams. Teams for each user are synchronized when the user logs in.

Generic OAuth2 groups can be referenced by group ID, such as 8bab1c86-8fba-33e5-2089-1d1c80ec267d or myteam. For information on configuring OAuth2 groups with Grafana using the groups_attribute_path configuration option, refer to configuration options.

To learn more about Team Sync, refer to Configure team sync.

Team synchronization example

Configuration:

bash
groups_attribute_path = info.groups

Payload:

json
{
    ...
    "info": {
        ...
        "groups": [
            "engineers",
            "analysts",
        ],
        ...
    },
    ...
}

Examples of setting up generic OAuth2

This section includes examples of setting up generic OAuth2 integration.

Set up OAuth2 with Descope

To set up generic OAuth2 authentication with Descope, follow these steps:

  1. Create a Descope Project here, and go through the Getting Started Wizard to configure your authentication. You can skip step if you already have Descope project set up.

  2. If you wish to use a flow besides Sign Up or In, go to the IdP Applications menu in the console, and select your IdP application. Then alter the Flow Hosting URL query parameter ?flow=sign-up-or-in to change which flow id you wish to use.

  3. Click Save.

  4. Update the [auth.generic_oauth] section of the Grafana configuration file using the values from the Settings tab:

    Note

    You can get your Client ID (Descope Project ID) under Project Settings. Your Client Secret (Descope Access Key) can be generated under Access Keys.
    bash
    [auth.generic_oauth]
    enabled = true
    allow_sign_up = true
    auto_login = false
    team_ids =
    allowed_organizations =
    name = Descope
    client_id = <Descope Project ID>
    client_secret = <Descope Access Key>
    scopes = openid profile email descope.claims descope.custom_claims
    auth_url = https://api.descope.com/oauth2/v1/authorize
    token_url = https://api.descope.com/oauth2/v1/token
    api_url = https://api.descope.com/oauth2/v1/userinfo
    use_pkce = true
    use_refresh_token = true

Set up OAuth2 with Auth0

To set up generic OAuth2 authentication with Auth0, follow these steps:

  1. Create an Auth0 application using the following parameters:

    • Name: Grafana
    • Type: Regular Web Application
  2. Go to the Settings tab of the application and set Allowed Callback URLs to https://<grafana domain>/login/generic_oauth.

  3. Click Save Changes.

  4. Update the [auth.generic_oauth] section of the Grafana configuration file using the values from the Settings tab:

    bash
    [auth.generic_oauth]
    enabled = true
    allow_sign_up = true
    auto_login = false
    team_ids =
    allowed_organizations =
    name = Auth0
    client_id = <client id>
    client_secret = <client secret>
    scopes = openid profile email offline_access
    auth_url = https://<domain>/authorize
    token_url = https://<domain>/oauth/token
    api_url = https://<domain>/userinfo
    use_pkce = true
    use_refresh_token = true

Set up OAuth2 with Bitbucket

To set up generic OAuth2 authentication with Bitbucket, follow these steps:

  1. Navigate to Settings > Workspace setting > OAuth consumers in BitBucket.

  2. Create an application by selecting Add consumer and using the following parameters:

    • Allowed Callback URLs: https://<grafana domain>/login/generic_oauth
  3. Click Save.

  4. Update the [auth.generic_oauth] section of the Grafana configuration file using the values from the Key and Secret from the consumer description:

    bash
    [auth.generic_oauth]
    name = BitBucket
    enabled = true
    allow_sign_up = true
    auto_login = false
    client_id = <client key>
    client_secret = <client secret>
    scopes = account email
    auth_url = https://bitbucket.org/site/oauth2/authorize
    token_url = https://bitbucket.org/site/oauth2/access_token
    api_url = https://api.bitbucket.org/2.0/user
    teams_url = https://api.bitbucket.org/2.0/user/permissions/workspaces
    team_ids_attribute_path = values[*].workspace.slug
    team_ids =
    allowed_organizations =
    use_refresh_token = true

By default, a refresh token is included in the response for the Authorization Code Grant.

Set up OAuth2 with OneLogin

To set up generic OAuth2 authentication with OneLogin, follow these steps:

  1. Create a new Custom Connector in OneLogin with the following settings:

    • Name: Grafana
    • Sign On Method: OpenID Connect
    • Redirect URI: https://<grafana domain>/login/generic_oauth
    • Signing Algorithm: RS256
    • Login URL: https://<grafana domain>/login/generic_oauth
  2. Add an app to the Grafana Connector:

    • Display Name: Grafana
  3. Update the [auth.generic_oauth] section of the Grafana configuration file using the client ID and client secret from the SSO tab of the app details page:

    Your OneLogin Domain will match the URL you use to access OneLogin.

    bash
    [auth.generic_oauth]
    name = OneLogin
    enabled = true
    allow_sign_up = true
    auto_login = false
    client_id = <client id>
    client_secret = <client secret>
    scopes = openid email name
    auth_url = https://<onelogin domain>.onelogin.com/oidc/2/auth
    token_url = https://<onelogin domain>.onelogin.com/oidc/2/token
    api_url = https://<onelogin domain>.onelogin.com/oidc/2/me
    team_ids =
    allowed_organizations =