AlertingManage your alert rulesCreate Grafana Mimir or Loki managed alert rules

Create a Grafana Mimir or Loki managed alerting rules

Grafana allows you to create alerting rules for an external Grafana Mimir or Loki instance that has ruler API enabled. For information on Grafana Alerting, see About Grafana Alerting which explains the various components of Grafana Alerting. We also recommend that you familiarize yourself with some of the fundamental concepts of Grafana Alerting.

Before you begin

  • Verify that you have write permission to the Prometheus or Loki data source. Otherwise, you will not be able to create or update Grafana Mimir managed alerting rules.

  • For Grafana Mimir and Loki data sources, enable the ruler API by configuring their respective services.

    • Loki - The local rule storage type, default for the Loki data source, supports only viewing of rules. To edit rules, configure one of the other rule storage types.

    • Grafana Mimir - use the /prometheus prefix. The Prometheus data source supports both Grafana Mimir and Prometheus, and Grafana expects that both the Query API and Ruler API are under the same URL. You cannot provide a separate URL for the Ruler API.

Watch this video to learn more about how to create a Mimir managed alert rule:

Note: If you do not want to manage alerting rules for a particular Loki or Prometheus data source, go to its settings and clear the Manage alerts via Alerting UI checkbox.

Add a Grafana Mimir or Loki managed alerting rule

  1. In the Grafana menu, click the Alerting (bell) icon to open the Alerting page listing existing alerts.
  2. Click New alert rule. The new alerting rule page opens where the Grafana managed alerts option is selected by default.
  3. In Step 1, add the rule name.
    • In Rule name, add a descriptive name. This name is displayed in the alert rule list. It is also the alertname label for every alert instance that is created from this rule.
  4. In Step 2, select Mimir or Loki alert option.
    • Next, select your Loki or Prometheus data source and add the query to evaluate.
    • Enter a PromQL or LogQL expression to query. The rule fires if the evaluation result has at least one series with a value that is greater than 0. An alert is created for each series.
  5. In Step 3, specify the alert evaluation interval.
    • In the For text box, specify the duration for which the condition must be true before an alert fires. If you specify 5m, the condition must be true for 5 minutes before the alert fires.

      Note: Once a condition is met, the alert goes into the Pending state. If the condition remains active for the duration specified, the alert transitions to the Firing state, else it reverts to the Normal state.

  6. In Step 4, add the namespace, rule group, as well as additional metadata associated with the rule.
    • From the Namespace drop-down, select an existing rule namespace. Otherwise, click Add new and enter a name to create a new one. Namespaces can contain one or more rule groups and only have an organizational purpose. For more information, see Grafana Mimir or Loki rule groups and namespaces.
    • From the Group drop-down, select an existing group within the selected namespace. Otherwise, click Add new and enter a name to create a new one. Newly created rules are appended to the end of the group. Rules within a group are run sequentially at a regular interval, with the same evaluation time.
    • Add a description and summary to customize alert messages. Use the guidelines in Annotations and labels for alerting.
    • Add Runbook URL, panel, dashboard, and alert IDs.
  7. In Step 5, add custom labels.
    • Add custom labels selecting existing key-value pairs from the drop down, or add new labels by entering the new key or value .
  8. Click Save to save the rule or Save and exit to save the rule and go back to the Alerting page.
  9. Next, create a notification for the rule.