Grafana offers a variety of visualizations to support different use cases. This section of the documentation highlights the built-in visualizations, their options and typical usage.
Note: If you are unsure which visualization to pick, Grafana can provide visualization suggestions based on the panel query. When you select a visualization, Grafana will show a preview with that visualization applied.
- Graphs & charts
- Time series is the default and main Graph visualization.
- State timeline for state changes over time.
- Status history for periodic state over time.
- Bar chart shows any categorical data.
- Histogram calculates and shows value distribution in a bar chart.
- Heatmap visualizes data in two dimensions, used typically for the magnitude of a phenomenon.
- Pie chart is typically used where proportionality is important.
- Candlestick is typically for financial data where the focus is price/data movement.
- Stats & numbers
You can add more visualization types by installing panel panel plugins.
Below you can find some good examples for how all the visualizations in Grafana can be configured. You can also explore play.grafana.org which has a large set of demo dashboards that showcase all the different visualizations.
For time based line, area and bar charts we recommend the default time series visualization. This public demo dashboard contains many different examples for how this visualization can be configured and styled.
For categorical data use a bar chart.
Big numbers & stats
A stat shows one large stat value with an optional graph sparkline. You can control the background or value color using thresholds or color scales.
If you want to present a value as it relates to a min and max value you have two options. First a standard radial gauge shown below.
Secondly Grafana also has a horizontal or vertical bar gauge with three different distinct display modes.
To show data in a table layout, use a table.
To display reduced series, or values in a series, from one or more queries, as they relate to each other, use a pie chart.
To show value distribution over, time use a heatmap.
A state timeline shows discrete state changes over time. When used with time series, the thresholds are used to turn the numerical values into discrete state regions.