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Available from v10.2.3


The Box Component is the most basic layout component. It can be used to build more complex components and layouts with properties that use our design tokens.

When to Use

Box should be used instead of class styles, so that we can take advantage of our design tokens. Use it for anything from adding a margin around a component to giving a border to a section.



Margin and padding props are used to add space around or inside the box, respectively. There are 7 different props for margin: margin, marginX, marginY, marginTop, marginRight, marginBottom, and marginLeft. Similarly, there are 7 different props for padding: padding, paddingX, paddingY, paddingTop, paddingRight, paddingBottom, and paddingLeft. Possible values: ThemeSpacingTokens (0 | 0.25 | 0.5 | 1 | 1.5 | 2 | 2.5 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 8 | 10)

Live Editor
<Box margin={1} marginY={2} marginTop={3} padding={1} paddingY={2} paddingTop={3} borderStyle='solid' borderColor='strong'>

Visual look

The style of the Box can be defined using 5 props:

  • borderColor, with possible values: weak, medium, strong, error, success, warning, info
  • borderStyle, with possible values: solid, dashed
  • borderRadius, with possible values: default, pill, circle
  • backgroundColor, with possible values: canvas, primary, secondary, error, success, warning, info
  • boxShadow, with possible values: z1, z2, z3
Live Editor
<Box borderRadius='pill' borderStyle='dashed' borderColor='strong' backgroundColor='warning' boxShadow='z1'>


There are 4 different props related to how the content is displayed:

  • display, with possible values: flex, block, inline, none
  • alignItems, with possible values: stretch, flex-start, flex-end, center, baseline, start, end, self-start, self-end
  • justifyContent, with possible values: flex-start, flex-end, center, space-between, space-around, space-evenly, start, end, left, right
  • gap, with possible values: ThemeSpacingTokens (0 | 0.25 | 0.5 | 1 | 1.5 | 2 | 2.5 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 8 | 10)

If you just need to create a Flex layout without any other styling to the box, please use the Stack component instead.

Live Editor
<Box display='flex' alignItems='center' justifyContent='center' gap={5}>


All of the above props can be defined in a responsive way, meaning that different values will be set depending on the window size.

To define any of them responsively, simply pass in an object with responsive breakpoints as keys. For instance, instead of defining margin in this way margin={5} define it like margin={{ xs: 3, md: 5 }}. This means that from the xs breakpoint up, margin is set to 3, while from the md breakpoint up, it is set to 5.

The possible breakpoints in the theme can be found here.

Further Reading & Sources