Plugins 〉Apache Cassandra

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Apache Cassandra

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Cassandra DataSource for Grafana

Apache Cassandra Datasource for Grafana. This datasource is to visualise time-series data stored in Cassandra/DSE, if you are looking for Cassandra metrics, you may need datastax/metric-collector-for-apache-cassandra instead.

Release Status CodeQL GitHub all releases

To see the datasource in action, please follow the Quick Demo steps.

Supports:

  • Grafana 5.x, 6.x, 7.x (4.x not tested)
  • Cassandra 3.x (4.x experimental, 2.x not tested)
  • DataStax Enterprise 6.x
  • DataStax Astra (docs)
  • AWS Keyspaces (limited support) (docs)
  • Linux, OSX, Windows

Contacts:

  • Discord Chat
  • Github discussions

Usage

You can find more detailed instructions in the datasource wiki.

Installation

  1. Download the plugin using latest release, please download cassandra-datasource-VERSION.zip or cassandra-datasource-VERSION.tar.gz and uncompress a file into the Grafana plugins directory (grafana/plugins).

  2. The plugin is yet unsigned by Grafana (WiP #58) so it may require additional step to enable the plugin if you are using Grafana 7.x:

    2.1. If you use a local version, enable plugin in /etc/grafana/grafana.ini

    [plugins]
    allow_loading_unsigned_plugins = "hadesarchitect-cassandra-datasource"
    

    2.2 If you use dockerized Grafana, you need to set environment variable GF_PLUGINS_ALLOW_LOADING_UNSIGNED_PLUGINS=hadesarchitect-cassandra-datasource.

  3. Add the Cassandra DataSource as a datasource at the datasource configuration page.

  4. Configure the datasource specifying contact point and port like "10.11.12.13:9042", username and password, skip the keyspace. It's recommended to use a dedicated user with read-only permissions only to the table you have to access.

  5. Push the "Save and Test" button, if there is an error message, check the credentials and connection.

<img src="https://user-images.githubusercontent.com/1742301/103153542-8a3cc300-4791-11eb-9479-4a2e3ec94463.png" width="500">

Panel Setup

There are two ways to query data from Cassandra/DSE, Query Configurator and Query Editor. Configurator is easier to use but has limited capabilities, Editor is more powerful but requires understanding of CQL.

Query Configurator

<img src="https://user-images.githubusercontent.com/1742301/103153577-d12ab880-4791-11eb-9a6b-50c86423134d.png" width="500">

Query Configurator is the easiest way to query data. At first, enter the keyspace and table name, then pick proper columns. If keyspace and table names are given correctly, the datasource will suggest the column names automatically.

  • Time Column - the column storing the timestamp value, it's used to answer "when" question.
  • Value Column - the column storing the value you'd like to show. It can be the value, temperature or whatever property you need.
  • ID Column - the column to uniquely identify the source of the data, e.g. sensor_id, shop_id or whatever allows you to identify the origin of data.

After that, you have to specify the ID Value, the particular ID of the data origin you want to show. You may need to enable "ALLOW FILTERING" although we recommend to avoid it.

Example Imagine you want to visualise reports of a temperature sensor installed in your smart home. Given the sensor reports its ID, time, location and temperature every minute, we create a table to store the data and put some values there:

CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS temperature (
    sensor_id uuid,
    registered_at timestamp,
    temperature int,
    location text,
    PRIMARY KEY ((sensor_id), registered_at)
);

insert into temperature (sensor_id, registered_at, temperature, location) values (99051fe9-6a9c-46c2-b949-38ef78858dd0, 2020-04-01T11:21:59.001+0000, 18, "kitchen"); insert into temperature (sensor_id, registered_at, temperature, location) values (99051fe9-6a9c-46c2-b949-38ef78858dd0, 2020-04-01T11:22:59.001+0000, 19, "kitchen"); insert into temperature (sensor_id, registered_at, temperature, location) values (99051fe9-6a9c-46c2-b949-38ef78858dd0, 2020-04-01T11:23:59.001+0000, 20, "kitchen");

In this case, we have to fill the configurator fields the following way to get the results:

  • Keyspace - smarthome (keyspace name)
  • Table - temperature (table name)
  • Time Column - registered_at (occurence)
  • Value Column - temperature (value to show)
  • ID Column - sensor_id (ID of the data origin)
  • ID Value - 99051fe9-6a9c-46c2-b949-38ef78858dd0 ID of the sensor
  • ALLOW FILTERING - FALSE (not required, so we are happy to avoid)

In case of a few origins (multiple sensors) you will need to add more rows. If your case is as simple as that, query configurator will be a good choice, otherwise please proceed to the query editor.

Query Editor

Query Editor is more powerful way to query data. To enable query editor, press "toggle text edit mode" button.

<img src="https://user-images.githubusercontent.com/1742301/102781863-a8bd4b80-4398-11eb-8c28-4d06a1f29279.png" width="300">

Query Editor unlocks all possibilities of CQL including Used-Defined Functions, aggregations etc.

Example using test_data.cql:

SELECT id, CAST(value as double), created_at FROM test.test WHERE id IN (99051fe9-6a9c-46c2-b949-38ef78858dd1, 99051fe9-6a9c-46c2-b949-38ef78858dd0) AND created_at > $__timeFrom and created_at < $__timeTo
  1. Follow the order of the SELECT expressions, it's important!
  • Identifier - the first property in the SELECT expression must be the ID, something that uniquely identifies the data (e.g. sensor_id)
  • Value - The second property must be the value what you are going to show
  • Timestamp - The third value must be timestamp of the value. All other properties will be ignored
  1. To filter data by time, use $__timeFrom and $__timeTo placeholders as in the example. The datasource will replace them with time values from the panel. Notice It's important to add the placeholders otherwise query will try to fetch data for the whole period of time. Don't try to specify the timeframe on your own, just put the placeholders. It's grafana's job to specify time limits.

<img src="https://user-images.githubusercontent.com/1742301/103153625-1fd85280-4792-11eb-9c00-085297802117.png" width="500">

Development

Developer documentation

For more information, visit the docs on plugin installation.