Plugins 〉ClickHouse

Data Source
grafana

ClickHouse

  • Overview
  • Installation
  • Change log
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ClickHouse data source for Grafana

The ClickHouse data source plugin allows you to query and visualize ClickHouse data from within Grafana.

Beta

This plugin is currently in Beta development and subject to change.

Install the plugin

  1. Navigate to ClickHouse plugin homepage.

  2. From the left-hand menu, click the Install plugin button.

    The Installation tab is displayed.

Configure ClickHouse for the data source

Set up an ClickHouse user account with readonly permission and access to databases and tables you want to query. Grafana does not validate that queries are safe. Queries can contain any SQL statement. For example, statements like ALTER TABLE system.users DELETE WHERE name='sadUser' and DROP TABLE sadTable; would be executed.

Configure the data source in Grafana

Follow these instructions to add a new ClickHouse data source, and enter configuration options:

Configure the data source with provisioning

It is possible to configure data sources using configuration files with Grafana’s provisioning system. To read about how it works, including and all the settings that you can set for this data source, refer to Provisioning Grafana data sources.

Here are some provisioning examples for this data source using basic authentication:

apiVersion: 1

datasources:

  • name: ClickHouse type: grafana-clickhouse-datasource jsonData: defaultDatabase: database port: 9000 server: localhost username: username tlsSkipVerify: false secureJsonData: password: password

Query the data source

The query editor allows you to query ClickHouse to return time series or tabular data. Queries can contain macros which simplify syntax and allow for dynamic parts.

Query as time series

Time series visualization options are selectable after adding a datetime field type to your query. This field will be used as the timestamp You can select time series visualizations using the visualization options. Grafana interprets timestamp rows without explicit time zone as UTC. Any column except time is treated as a value column.

Multi-line time series

To create multi-line time series, the query must return at least 3 fields.

  • field 1: datetime field with an alias of time
  • field 2: value to group by
  • field 3+: the metric values

For example:

SELECT log_time as time, machine_group, avg(disk_free) as avg_disk_free
from mgbench.logs1
group by machine_group, log_time
order by log_time

Query as table

Table visualizations will always be available for any valid ClickHouse query.

Visualizing logs with the Logs Panel

To use the Logs panel your query must return a timestamp and string values.

For example:

SELECT log_time as time, machine_group, toString(avg(disk_free)) as avg_disk_free
from logs1
group by machine_group, log_time
order by log_time

Macros

To simplify syntax and to allow for dynamic parts, like date range filters, the query can contain macros.

Here is an example of a query with a macro that will use Grafana's time filter:

SELECT 
      date_time,
      data_stuff,
FROM test_data
WHERE $__timeFilter(date_time)
Macro exampleDescription
$__timeFilter(dataRow)Will be replaced by a time range filter using the specified name.
$__fromTimeReplaced by the start of time range in ms wrapped by toDateTime function. Example: toDateTime(intDiv(1415792726371,1000))
$__toTimeReplaced by the end of time range in ms wrapped by toDateTime function. Example: toDateTime(intDiv(1415792726371,1000))
$__tableWill be replaced by the table in use.
$__columnWill be replaced by the column in use.

The plugin also supports notation using braces {}. Use this notation when queries are needed inside parameters.

Templates and variables

To add a new ClickHouse query variable, refer to Add a query variable. Use your ClickHouse data source as your data source for the following available queries:

After creating a variable, you can use it in your ClickHouse queries by using Variable syntax. For more information about variables, refer to Templates and variables.

Import a dashboard for ClickHouse

Follow these instructions for importing a dashboard.

Imported dashboards can be found in Configuration > Data Sources > select your ClickHouse data source > select the Dashboards tab to see available pre-made dashboards.

Using Ad-Hoc Filters

A second helper variable must be created in addition to the standard ad-hoc filter type variable of any name. It should be a constant type named clickhouse_adhoc_query and contain a valid ClickHouse query. The query results will be used to populate your ad-hoc filter's selectable filters. You may choose to hide this variable from view as it serves no further purpose.

If clickhouse_adhoc_query is set to SELECT DISTINCT machine_name FROM mgbench.logs1 you would be able to select which machine names are filtered for in the dashboard.

Learn more

For more information, visit the docs on plugin installation.

Changelog

0.9.7

Feature - Multi-line time series.

0.9.6

Bug - Change time template variable names.

0.9.5

Bug - Fix global template variables.

0.9.4

Bug - Fix query type variables.

0.9.3

Bug - Support Array data types.

0.9.2

Bug - Fix TLS model.

0.9.1

Add secure toggle to config editor.

0.9.0

Initial Beta release.