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CloudNativePG

Grafana dashboard for monitoring a CloudNativePG (CNPG) cluster.

CloudNativePG screenshot 1
CloudNativePG screenshot 2
CloudNativePG screenshot 3
CloudNativePG screenshot 4

Refer to the Monitoring documentation on how to enable monitoring for your cluster and/or export custom metrics.

Source Code: GitHub

Prometheus Operator example

A specific PostgreSQL cluster can be monitored using the Prometheus Operator’s resource PodMonitor. A PodMonitor correctly pointing to a Cluster can be automatically created by the operator by setting .spec.monitoring.enablePodMonitor to true in the Cluster resource itself (default: false).

yaml
apiVersion: postgresql.cnpg.io/v1
kind: Cluster
metadata:
  name: cluster-example
  namespace: test
spec:
  instances: 3

  storage:
    size: 1Gi

  monitoring:
    enablePodMonitor: true

User defined metrics

Custom metrics can be defined by users by referring to the created Configmap/Secret in a Cluster definition under the .spec.monitoring.customQueriesConfigMap or customQueriesSecret section as in the following example:

yaml
apiVersion: postgresql.cnpg.io/v1
kind: Cluster
metadata:
  name: cluster-example
  namespace: test
spec:
  instances: 3

  storage:
    size: 1Gi

  monitoring:
    customQueriesConfigMap:
      - name: example-monitoring
        key: custom-queries

Here you can see an example of a ConfigMap containing a single custom query, referenced by the Cluster example above:

yaml
apiVersion: v1
kind: ConfigMap
metadata:
  name: example-monitoring
  namespace: test
  labels:
    cnpg.io/reload: ""
data:
  custom-queries: |
    pg_replication:
      query: "SELECT CASE WHEN NOT pg_is_in_recovery()
              THEN 0
              ELSE GREATEST (0,
                EXTRACT(EPOCH FROM (now() - pg_last_xact_replay_timestamp())))
              END AS lag,
              pg_is_in_recovery() AS in_recovery,
              EXISTS (TABLE pg_stat_wal_receiver) AS is_wal_receiver_up,
              (SELECT count(*) FROM pg_stat_replication) AS streaming_replicas"

      metrics:
        - lag:
            usage: "GAUGE"
            description: "Replication lag behind primary in seconds"
        - in_recovery:
            usage: "GAUGE"
            description: "Whether the instance is in recovery"
        - is_wal_receiver_up:
            usage: "GAUGE"
            description: "Whether the instance wal_receiver is up"
        - streaming_replicas:
            usage: "GAUGE"
            description: "Number of streaming replicas connected to the instance"

A list of basic monitoring queries can be found in the default-monitoring.yaml file that is already installed in your CloudNativePG deployment (see “Default set of metrics”).

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