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Open source

Span profiles with Traces to profiles for .NET

Span Profiles represents a major shift in profiling methodology, enabling deeper analysis of both tracing and profiling data. Traditional continuous profiling provides an application-wide view over fixed intervals. In contrast, Span Profiles delivers focused, dynamic analysis on specific execution scopes within applications, such as individual requests or specific trace spans.

This shift enables a more granular view of performance, enhancing the utility of profiles by linking them directly with traces for a comprehensive understanding of application behavior. As a result, engineering teams can more efficiently identify and address performance bottlenecks.

To learn more about Span Profiles, refer to Combining tracing and profiling for enhanced observability: Introducing Span Profiles.

span-profiles screenshot

Pyroscope integrates with distributed tracing systems supporting the OpenTelemetry standard. This integration lets you link traces with the profiling data and find resource usage for specific lines of code for your trace spans.


  • Only CPU profiling is supported at the moment.
  • Because of how sampling profilers work, spans shorter than the sample interval may not be captured.

To use Span Profiles, you need to:

Before you begin

Your applications must be instrumented for profiling and tracing before you can use span profiles.

  • Profiling: Your application must be instrumented with Pyroscope’s .NET instrumentation library. Refer to the .NET guide for instructions.
  • Tracing: Your application must be instrumented with OpenTelemetry traces. Refer to the OpenTelemetry guide for isntructions.


Span profiles in .NET are only supported using OpenTelemetry manual instrumentation because Pyroscope’s .NET profiler and OpenTelemetry’s auto instrumentation are based on separate .NET CLR profilers.

Configure the Pyroscope.OpenTelemetry package

To start collecting Span Profiles for your .NET application, you need to include Pyroscope.OpenTelemetry in your code.

This package provides a SpanProcessor implementation, which connects the two telemetry signals (traces and profiles) together.

dotnet add package Pyroscope.OpenTelemetry

Next, create and register the PyroscopeSpanProcessor:

    .WithTracing(b =>
        .AddProcessor(new Pyroscope.OpenTelemetry.PyroscopeSpanProcessor());

With the span processor registered, spans created automatically (for example, HTTP handlers) and manually (ActivitySource.StartActivity()) have profiling data associated with them.

View the span profiles in Grafana Tempo

To view the span profiles in Grafana Tempo, you need to have a Grafana instance running and a data source configured to link traces and profiles.

Refer to the data source configuration documentation to see how to configure the visualization to link traces with profiles.


Check out the examples directory for a complete demo application of span profiles in multiple languages.