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ConfigurationReference

Grafana Enterprise Metrics can be configured using a YAML file - specified using the -config.file flag - or CLI flags. In case you combine both, CLI flags take precedence over the YAML config file.

The current configuration of any GEM component can be seen by visiting the /config HTTP path. Passwords are filtered out of this endpoint.

Reference

To specify which configuration file to load, pass the -config.file flag at the command line. The file is written in YAML format, defined by the scheme below. Brackets indicate that a parameter is optional.

Generic placeholders

  • <boolean>: a boolean that can take the values true or false
  • <int>: any integer matching the regular expression [1-9]+[0-9]*
  • <duration>: a duration matching the regular expression [0-9]+(ns|us|µs|ms|s|m|h|d|w|y) where y = 365 days
  • <string>: a regular string
  • <url>: a URL
  • <prefix>: a CLI flag prefix based on the context (look at the parent configuration block to see which CLI flags prefix should be used)
  • <relabel_config>: a Prometheus relabeling configuration.
  • <time>: a timestamp, with available formats: 2006-01-20 (midnight, local timezone), 2006-01-20T15:04 (local timezone), and RFC 3339 formats: 2006-01-20T15:04:05Z (UTC) or 2006-01-20T15:04:05+07:00 (explicit timezone)

Use environment variables in the configuration

You can use environment variable references in the config file to set values that need to be configurable during deployment by using the -config.expand-env flag. To do this, use:

${VAR}

Where VAR is the name of the environment variable.

Each variable reference is replaced at startup by the value of the environment variable. The replacement is case-sensitive and occurs before the YAML file is parsed. References to undefined variables are replaced by empty strings unless you specify a default value or custom error text.

To specify a default value, use:

${VAR:default_value}

Where default_value is the value to use if the environment variable is undefined.

Supported contents and default values of the config file

# Comma-separated list of modules to load. The alias 'all' can be used in the
# list to load a number of core modules and will enable single-binary mode. Use
# '-modules' command line flag to get a list of available modules, and to see
# which modules are included in 'all'.
# CLI flag: -target
[target: <string> | default = "all"]

# Set to false to disable auth.
# CLI flag: -auth.enabled
[auth_enabled: <boolean> | default = true]

# HTTP path prefix for API.
# CLI flag: -http.prefix
[http_prefix: <string> | default = "/api/prom"]

api:
  # Use GZIP compression for API responses. Some endpoints serve large YAML or
  # JSON blobs which can benefit from compression.
  # CLI flag: -api.response-compression-enabled
  [response_compression_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

  # HTTP URL path under which the Alertmanager ui and api will be served.
  # CLI flag: -http.alertmanager-http-prefix
  [alertmanager_http_prefix: <string> | default = "/alertmanager"]

  # HTTP URL path under which the Prometheus api will be served.
  # CLI flag: -http.prometheus-http-prefix
  [prometheus_http_prefix: <string> | default = "/prometheus"]

# The server_config configures the HTTP and gRPC server of the launched
# service(s).
[server: <server_config>]

# The distributor_config configures the GEM distributor.
[distributor: <distributor_config>]

# The querier_config configures the GEM querier.
[querier: <querier_config>]

# The ingester_client_config configures how the GEM distributors connect to the
# ingesters.
[ingester_client: <ingester_client_config>]

# The ingester_config configures the GEM ingester.
[ingester: <ingester_config>]

# The flusher_config configures the WAL flusher target, used to manually run
# one-time flushes when scaling down ingesters.
[flusher: <flusher_config>]

# The storage_config configures where GEM stores the data (chunks storage
# engine).
[storage: <storage_config>]

# The chunk_store_config configures how GEM stores the data (chunks storage
# engine).
[chunk_store: <chunk_store_config>]

# The limits_config configures default and per-tenant limits imposed by GEM
# services (ie. distributor, ingester, ...).
[limits: <limits_config>]

# The frontend_worker_config configures the worker - running within the GEM
# querier - picking up and executing queries enqueued by the query-frontend or
# query-scheduler.
[frontend_worker: <frontend_worker_config>]

# The query_frontend_config configures the GEM query-frontend.
[frontend: <query_frontend_config>]

# The query_range_config configures the query splitting and caching in the GEM
# query-frontend.
[query_range: <query_range_config>]

# The table_manager_config configures the GEM table-manager.
[table_manager: <table_manager_config>]

# The blocks_storage_config configures the blocks storage.
[blocks_storage: <blocks_storage_config>]

# The compactor_config configures the compactor for the blocks storage.
[compactor: <compactor_config>]

# The store_gateway_config configures the store-gateway service used by the
# blocks storage.
[store_gateway: <store_gateway_config>]

# The purger_config configures the purger which takes care of delete requests.
[purger: <purger_config>]

tenant_federation:
  # If enabled on all services, queries can be federated across multiple
  # tenants. The tenant IDs involved need to be specified separated by a `|`
  # character in the `X-Scope-OrgID` header (experimental).
  # CLI flag: -tenant-federation.enabled
  [enabled: <boolean> | default = true]

# The ruler_config configures the GEM ruler.
[ruler: <ruler_config>]

# The ruler_storage_config configures the GEM ruler storage backend.
[ruler_storage: <ruler_storage_config>]

# The alertmanager_config configures the GEM alertmanager.
[alertmanager: <alertmanager_config>]

# The alertmanager_storage_config configures the GEM alertmanager storage
# backend.
[alertmanager_storage: <alertmanager_storage_config>]

runtime_config:
  # How often to check runtime config file.
  # CLI flag: -runtime-config.reload-period
  [period: <duration> | default = 10s]

  # File with the configuration that can be updated in runtime.
  # CLI flag: -runtime-config.file
  [file: <string> | default = ""]

# The memberlist_config configures the Gossip memberlist.
[memberlist: <memberlist_config>]

# The query_scheduler_config configures query scheduler module.
[query_scheduler: <query_scheduler_config>]

# The admin_api_config configures the admin api.
[admin_api: <admin_api_config>]

# The admin_client_config configures the instance management admin client.
[admin_client: <admin_client_config>]

# The auth_config configures the authentication type to use.
[auth: <auth_config>]

# This target is deprecated, use the `tokengen` target instead. In prior
# versions, `bootstrap_config` was used to configure the bootstrap target.
[bootstrap: <bootstrap_config>]

# Unique ID of this cortex cluster.
# CLI flag: -cluster-name
[cluster_name: <string> | default = ""]

# The federation_config configures the federation frontend component, which can
# be used to federate querier between multiple Grafana Enterprise Metrics
# clusters.
[federation: <federation_config>]

# The gateway_client configures the gateway proxy.
[gateway: <gateway_config>]

# The graphite_config configures the graphite compatibility services.
[graphite: <graphite_config>]

# The instrumentation_config configures the instrumentation module.
[instrumentation: <instrumentation_config>]

# The license_config configures the license validation module.
[license: <license_config>]

# The tokengen_config is used to configure the tokengen command.
[tokengen: <tokengen_config>]

admin_api_config

The admin_api_config configures the admin api.

# Designated header to parse when searching for the grafana user ID of the user
# accessing the API.
# CLI flag: -admin.api.user-header-name
[user_header_name: <string> | default = "X-WEBAUTH-USER"]

leader_election:
  # This flag enables leader election for the admin api.
  # CLI flag: -admin-api.leader-election.enabled
  [enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

  ring:
    kvstore:
      # Backend storage to use for the ring. Supported values are: consul, etcd,
      # inmemory, memberlist, multi.
      # CLI flag: -admin-api.leader-election.ring.store
      [store: <string> | default = "consul"]

      # The prefix for the keys in the store. Should end with a /.
      # CLI flag: -admin-api.leader-election.ring.prefix
      [prefix: <string> | default = "leader-election/"]

      # The consul_config configures the consul client.
      # The CLI flags prefix for this block config is:
      # admin-api.leader-election.ring
      [consul: <consul_config>]

      # The etcd_config configures the etcd client.
      # The CLI flags prefix for this block config is:
      # admin-api.leader-election.ring
      [etcd: <etcd_config>]

      multi:
        # Primary backend storage used by multi-client.
        # CLI flag: -admin-api.leader-election.ring.multi.primary
        [primary: <string> | default = ""]

        # Secondary backend storage used by multi-client.
        # CLI flag: -admin-api.leader-election.ring.multi.secondary
        [secondary: <string> | default = ""]

        # Mirror writes to secondary store.
        # CLI flag: -admin-api.leader-election.ring.multi.mirror-enabled
        [mirror_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

        # Timeout for storing value to secondary store.
        # CLI flag: -admin-api.leader-election.ring.multi.mirror-timeout
        [mirror_timeout: <duration> | default = 2s]

    # Period at which to heartbeat to the ring.
    # CLI flag: -admin-api.leader-election.ring.heartbeat-period
    [heartbeat_period: <duration> | default = 15s]

    # The heartbeat timeout after which admin-api instances are considered
    # unhealthy within the ring.
    # CLI flag: -admin-api.leader-election.ring.heartbeat-timeout
    [heartbeat_timeout: <duration> | default = 1m]

    # Period to wait after generating tokens to resolve collisions. Required
    # when using a gossip ring KV store.
    # CLI flag: -admin-api.leader-election.ring.tokens-observe-period
    [tokens_observe_period: <duration> | default = 1m]

    # Name of network interface to read address from.
    # CLI flag: -admin-api.leader-election.ring.instance-interface-names
    [instance_interface_names: <list of string> | default = [eth0 en0]]

  client_config:
    # gRPC client max receive message size (bytes).
    # CLI flag: -admin-api.leader-election.client.grpc-max-recv-msg-size
    [max_recv_msg_size: <int> | default = 104857600]

    # gRPC client max send message size (bytes).
    # CLI flag: -admin-api.leader-election.client.grpc-max-send-msg-size
    [max_send_msg_size: <int> | default = 16777216]

    # Use compression when sending messages. Supported values are: 'gzip',
    # 'snappy' and '' (disable compression)
    # CLI flag: -admin-api.leader-election.client.grpc-compression
    [grpc_compression: <string> | default = ""]

    # Rate limit for gRPC client; 0 means disabled.
    # CLI flag: -admin-api.leader-election.client.grpc-client-rate-limit
    [rate_limit: <float> | default = 0]

    # Rate limit burst for gRPC client.
    # CLI flag: -admin-api.leader-election.client.grpc-client-rate-limit-burst
    [rate_limit_burst: <int> | default = 0]

    # Enable backoff and retry when we hit ratelimits.
    # CLI flag: -admin-api.leader-election.client.backoff-on-ratelimits
    [backoff_on_ratelimits: <boolean> | default = false]

    backoff_config:
      # Minimum delay when backing off.
      # CLI flag: -admin-api.leader-election.client.backoff-min-period
      [min_period: <duration> | default = 100ms]

      # Maximum delay when backing off.
      # CLI flag: -admin-api.leader-election.client.backoff-max-period
      [max_period: <duration> | default = 10s]

      # Number of times to backoff and retry before failing.
      # CLI flag: -admin-api.leader-election.client.backoff-retries
      [max_retries: <int> | default = 10]

    # Enable TLS in the GRPC client. This flag needs to be enabled when any
    # other TLS flag is set. If set to false, insecure connection to gRPC server
    # will be used.
    # CLI flag: -admin-api.leader-election.client.tls-enabled
    [tls_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

    # Path to the client certificate file, which will be used for authenticating
    # with the server. Also requires the key path to be configured.
    # CLI flag: -admin-api.leader-election.client.tls-cert-path
    [tls_cert_path: <string> | default = ""]

    # Path to the key file for the client certificate. Also requires the client
    # certificate to be configured.
    # CLI flag: -admin-api.leader-election.client.tls-key-path
    [tls_key_path: <string> | default = ""]

    # Path to the CA certificates file to validate server certificate against.
    # If not set, the host's root CA certificates are used.
    # CLI flag: -admin-api.leader-election.client.tls-ca-path
    [tls_ca_path: <string> | default = ""]

    # Override the expected name on the server certificate.
    # CLI flag: -admin-api.leader-election.client.tls-server-name
    [tls_server_name: <string> | default = ""]

    # Skip validating server certificate.
    # CLI flag: -admin-api.leader-election.client.tls-insecure-skip-verify
    [tls_insecure_skip_verify: <boolean> | default = false]

limits:
  # Should API based per-instance limits be used.
  # CLI flag: -admin-api.limits.enabled
  [enabled: <boolean> | default = true]

  # Period with which to refresh per-instance limits.
  # CLI flag: -admin-api.limits.refresh-period
  [refresh_period: <duration> | default = 1m]

gateway_config

The gateway_client configures the gateway proxy.

proxy:
  default:
    # URL for the backend. Use the scheme dns:// for HTTP over GPRC and the
    # scheme h2c:// for HTTP2 proxying.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.default.url
    [url: <string> | default = ""]

    # Enable keep alive for the backend.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.default.enable-keepalive
    [enable_keepalive: <boolean> | default = true]

    # Enable TLS in the GRPC client. This flag needs to be enabled when any
    # other TLS flag is set. If set to false, insecure connection to gRPC server
    # will be used.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.default.tls-enabled
    [tls_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

    # Path to the client certificate file, which will be used for authenticating
    # with the server. Also requires the key path to be configured.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.default.tls-cert-path
    [tls_cert_path: <string> | default = ""]

    # Path to the key file for the client certificate. Also requires the client
    # certificate to be configured.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.default.tls-key-path
    [tls_key_path: <string> | default = ""]

    # Path to the CA certificates file to validate server certificate against.
    # If not set, the host's root CA certificates are used.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.default.tls-ca-path
    [tls_ca_path: <string> | default = ""]

    # Override the expected name on the server certificate.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.default.tls-server-name
    [tls_server_name: <string> | default = ""]

    # Skip validating server certificate.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.default.tls-insecure-skip-verify
    [tls_insecure_skip_verify: <boolean> | default = false]

  admin_api:
    # URL for the backend. Use the scheme dns:// for HTTP over GPRC and the
    # scheme h2c:// for HTTP2 proxying.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.admin-api.url
    [url: <string> | default = ""]

    # Enable keep alive for the backend.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.admin-api.enable-keepalive
    [enable_keepalive: <boolean> | default = true]

    # Enable TLS in the GRPC client. This flag needs to be enabled when any
    # other TLS flag is set. If set to false, insecure connection to gRPC server
    # will be used.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.admin-api.tls-enabled
    [tls_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

    # Path to the client certificate file, which will be used for authenticating
    # with the server. Also requires the key path to be configured.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.admin-api.tls-cert-path
    [tls_cert_path: <string> | default = ""]

    # Path to the key file for the client certificate. Also requires the client
    # certificate to be configured.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.admin-api.tls-key-path
    [tls_key_path: <string> | default = ""]

    # Path to the CA certificates file to validate server certificate against.
    # If not set, the host's root CA certificates are used.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.admin-api.tls-ca-path
    [tls_ca_path: <string> | default = ""]

    # Override the expected name on the server certificate.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.admin-api.tls-server-name
    [tls_server_name: <string> | default = ""]

    # Skip validating server certificate.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.admin-api.tls-insecure-skip-verify
    [tls_insecure_skip_verify: <boolean> | default = false]

    # Timeout for write requests to the backend, set to <=0 to disable.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.admin-api.write-timeout
    [write_timeout: <duration> | default = 30s]

    # Timeout for read requests the backend, set to <=0 to disable.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.admin-api.read-timeout
    [read_timeout: <duration> | default = 2m]

  alertmanager:
    # URL for the backend. Use the scheme dns:// for HTTP over GPRC and the
    # scheme h2c:// for HTTP2 proxying.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.alertmanager.url
    [url: <string> | default = ""]

    # Enable keep alive for the backend.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.alertmanager.enable-keepalive
    [enable_keepalive: <boolean> | default = true]

    # Enable TLS in the GRPC client. This flag needs to be enabled when any
    # other TLS flag is set. If set to false, insecure connection to gRPC server
    # will be used.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.alertmanager.tls-enabled
    [tls_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

    # Path to the client certificate file, which will be used for authenticating
    # with the server. Also requires the key path to be configured.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.alertmanager.tls-cert-path
    [tls_cert_path: <string> | default = ""]

    # Path to the key file for the client certificate. Also requires the client
    # certificate to be configured.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.alertmanager.tls-key-path
    [tls_key_path: <string> | default = ""]

    # Path to the CA certificates file to validate server certificate against.
    # If not set, the host's root CA certificates are used.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.alertmanager.tls-ca-path
    [tls_ca_path: <string> | default = ""]

    # Override the expected name on the server certificate.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.alertmanager.tls-server-name
    [tls_server_name: <string> | default = ""]

    # Skip validating server certificate.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.alertmanager.tls-insecure-skip-verify
    [tls_insecure_skip_verify: <boolean> | default = false]

    # Timeout for write requests to the backend, set to <=0 to disable.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.alertmanager.write-timeout
    [write_timeout: <duration> | default = 30s]

    # Timeout for read requests the backend, set to <=0 to disable.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.alertmanager.read-timeout
    [read_timeout: <duration> | default = 2m]

  compactor:
    # URL for the backend. Use the scheme dns:// for HTTP over GPRC and the
    # scheme h2c:// for HTTP2 proxying.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.compactor.url
    [url: <string> | default = ""]

    # Enable keep alive for the backend.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.compactor.enable-keepalive
    [enable_keepalive: <boolean> | default = true]

    # Enable TLS in the GRPC client. This flag needs to be enabled when any
    # other TLS flag is set. If set to false, insecure connection to gRPC server
    # will be used.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.compactor.tls-enabled
    [tls_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

    # Path to the client certificate file, which will be used for authenticating
    # with the server. Also requires the key path to be configured.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.compactor.tls-cert-path
    [tls_cert_path: <string> | default = ""]

    # Path to the key file for the client certificate. Also requires the client
    # certificate to be configured.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.compactor.tls-key-path
    [tls_key_path: <string> | default = ""]

    # Path to the CA certificates file to validate server certificate against.
    # If not set, the host's root CA certificates are used.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.compactor.tls-ca-path
    [tls_ca_path: <string> | default = ""]

    # Override the expected name on the server certificate.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.compactor.tls-server-name
    [tls_server_name: <string> | default = ""]

    # Skip validating server certificate.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.compactor.tls-insecure-skip-verify
    [tls_insecure_skip_verify: <boolean> | default = false]

    # Timeout for write requests to the backend, set to <=0 to disable.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.compactor.write-timeout
    [write_timeout: <duration> | default = 30s]

    # Timeout for read requests the backend, set to <=0 to disable.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.compactor.read-timeout
    [read_timeout: <duration> | default = 2m]

  distributor:
    # URL for the backend. Use the scheme dns:// for HTTP over GPRC and the
    # scheme h2c:// for HTTP2 proxying.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.distributor.url
    [url: <string> | default = ""]

    # Enable keep alive for the backend.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.distributor.enable-keepalive
    [enable_keepalive: <boolean> | default = true]

    # Enable TLS in the GRPC client. This flag needs to be enabled when any
    # other TLS flag is set. If set to false, insecure connection to gRPC server
    # will be used.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.distributor.tls-enabled
    [tls_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

    # Path to the client certificate file, which will be used for authenticating
    # with the server. Also requires the key path to be configured.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.distributor.tls-cert-path
    [tls_cert_path: <string> | default = ""]

    # Path to the key file for the client certificate. Also requires the client
    # certificate to be configured.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.distributor.tls-key-path
    [tls_key_path: <string> | default = ""]

    # Path to the CA certificates file to validate server certificate against.
    # If not set, the host's root CA certificates are used.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.distributor.tls-ca-path
    [tls_ca_path: <string> | default = ""]

    # Override the expected name on the server certificate.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.distributor.tls-server-name
    [tls_server_name: <string> | default = ""]

    # Skip validating server certificate.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.distributor.tls-insecure-skip-verify
    [tls_insecure_skip_verify: <boolean> | default = false]

    # Timeout for write requests to the backend, set to <=0 to disable.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.distributor.write-timeout
    [write_timeout: <duration> | default = 30s]

    # Timeout for read requests the backend, set to <=0 to disable.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.distributor.read-timeout
    [read_timeout: <duration> | default = 2m]

  graphite:
    # URL for the backend. Use the scheme dns:// for HTTP over GPRC and the
    # scheme h2c:// for HTTP2 proxying.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.graphite.url
    [url: <string> | default = ""]

    # Enable keep alive for the backend.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.graphite.enable-keepalive
    [enable_keepalive: <boolean> | default = true]

    # Enable TLS in the GRPC client. This flag needs to be enabled when any
    # other TLS flag is set. If set to false, insecure connection to gRPC server
    # will be used.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.graphite.tls-enabled
    [tls_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

    # Path to the client certificate file, which will be used for authenticating
    # with the server. Also requires the key path to be configured.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.graphite.tls-cert-path
    [tls_cert_path: <string> | default = ""]

    # Path to the key file for the client certificate. Also requires the client
    # certificate to be configured.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.graphite.tls-key-path
    [tls_key_path: <string> | default = ""]

    # Path to the CA certificates file to validate server certificate against.
    # If not set, the host's root CA certificates are used.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.graphite.tls-ca-path
    [tls_ca_path: <string> | default = ""]

    # Override the expected name on the server certificate.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.graphite.tls-server-name
    [tls_server_name: <string> | default = ""]

    # Skip validating server certificate.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.graphite.tls-insecure-skip-verify
    [tls_insecure_skip_verify: <boolean> | default = false]

    # Timeout for write requests to the backend, set to <=0 to disable.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.graphite.write-timeout
    [write_timeout: <duration> | default = 30s]

    # Timeout for read requests the backend, set to <=0 to disable.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.graphite.read-timeout
    [read_timeout: <duration> | default = 2m]

  ingester:
    # URL for the backend. Use the scheme dns:// for HTTP over GPRC and the
    # scheme h2c:// for HTTP2 proxying.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.ingester.url
    [url: <string> | default = ""]

    # Enable keep alive for the backend.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.ingester.enable-keepalive
    [enable_keepalive: <boolean> | default = true]

    # Enable TLS in the GRPC client. This flag needs to be enabled when any
    # other TLS flag is set. If set to false, insecure connection to gRPC server
    # will be used.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.ingester.tls-enabled
    [tls_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

    # Path to the client certificate file, which will be used for authenticating
    # with the server. Also requires the key path to be configured.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.ingester.tls-cert-path
    [tls_cert_path: <string> | default = ""]

    # Path to the key file for the client certificate. Also requires the client
    # certificate to be configured.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.ingester.tls-key-path
    [tls_key_path: <string> | default = ""]

    # Path to the CA certificates file to validate server certificate against.
    # If not set, the host's root CA certificates are used.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.ingester.tls-ca-path
    [tls_ca_path: <string> | default = ""]

    # Override the expected name on the server certificate.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.ingester.tls-server-name
    [tls_server_name: <string> | default = ""]

    # Skip validating server certificate.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.ingester.tls-insecure-skip-verify
    [tls_insecure_skip_verify: <boolean> | default = false]

    # Timeout for write requests to the backend, set to <=0 to disable.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.ingester.write-timeout
    [write_timeout: <duration> | default = 30s]

    # Timeout for read requests the backend, set to <=0 to disable.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.ingester.read-timeout
    [read_timeout: <duration> | default = 2m]

  query_frontend:
    # URL for the backend. Use the scheme dns:// for HTTP over GPRC and the
    # scheme h2c:// for HTTP2 proxying.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.query-frontend.url
    [url: <string> | default = ""]

    # Enable keep alive for the backend.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.query-frontend.enable-keepalive
    [enable_keepalive: <boolean> | default = true]

    # Enable TLS in the GRPC client. This flag needs to be enabled when any
    # other TLS flag is set. If set to false, insecure connection to gRPC server
    # will be used.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.query-frontend.tls-enabled
    [tls_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

    # Path to the client certificate file, which will be used for authenticating
    # with the server. Also requires the key path to be configured.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.query-frontend.tls-cert-path
    [tls_cert_path: <string> | default = ""]

    # Path to the key file for the client certificate. Also requires the client
    # certificate to be configured.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.query-frontend.tls-key-path
    [tls_key_path: <string> | default = ""]

    # Path to the CA certificates file to validate server certificate against.
    # If not set, the host's root CA certificates are used.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.query-frontend.tls-ca-path
    [tls_ca_path: <string> | default = ""]

    # Override the expected name on the server certificate.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.query-frontend.tls-server-name
    [tls_server_name: <string> | default = ""]

    # Skip validating server certificate.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.query-frontend.tls-insecure-skip-verify
    [tls_insecure_skip_verify: <boolean> | default = false]

    # Timeout for write requests to the backend, set to <=0 to disable.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.query-frontend.write-timeout
    [write_timeout: <duration> | default = 30s]

    # Timeout for read requests the backend, set to <=0 to disable.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.query-frontend.read-timeout
    [read_timeout: <duration> | default = 2m]

  ruler:
    # URL for the backend. Use the scheme dns:// for HTTP over GPRC and the
    # scheme h2c:// for HTTP2 proxying.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.ruler.url
    [url: <string> | default = ""]

    # Enable keep alive for the backend.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.ruler.enable-keepalive
    [enable_keepalive: <boolean> | default = true]

    # Enable TLS in the GRPC client. This flag needs to be enabled when any
    # other TLS flag is set. If set to false, insecure connection to gRPC server
    # will be used.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.ruler.tls-enabled
    [tls_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

    # Path to the client certificate file, which will be used for authenticating
    # with the server. Also requires the key path to be configured.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.ruler.tls-cert-path
    [tls_cert_path: <string> | default = ""]

    # Path to the key file for the client certificate. Also requires the client
    # certificate to be configured.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.ruler.tls-key-path
    [tls_key_path: <string> | default = ""]

    # Path to the CA certificates file to validate server certificate against.
    # If not set, the host's root CA certificates are used.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.ruler.tls-ca-path
    [tls_ca_path: <string> | default = ""]

    # Override the expected name on the server certificate.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.ruler.tls-server-name
    [tls_server_name: <string> | default = ""]

    # Skip validating server certificate.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.ruler.tls-insecure-skip-verify
    [tls_insecure_skip_verify: <boolean> | default = false]

    # Timeout for write requests to the backend, set to <=0 to disable.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.ruler.write-timeout
    [write_timeout: <duration> | default = 30s]

    # Timeout for read requests the backend, set to <=0 to disable.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.ruler.read-timeout
    [read_timeout: <duration> | default = 2m]

  store_gateway:
    # URL for the backend. Use the scheme dns:// for HTTP over GPRC and the
    # scheme h2c:// for HTTP2 proxying.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.store-gateway.url
    [url: <string> | default = ""]

    # Enable keep alive for the backend.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.store-gateway.enable-keepalive
    [enable_keepalive: <boolean> | default = true]

    # Enable TLS in the GRPC client. This flag needs to be enabled when any
    # other TLS flag is set. If set to false, insecure connection to gRPC server
    # will be used.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.store-gateway.tls-enabled
    [tls_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

    # Path to the client certificate file, which will be used for authenticating
    # with the server. Also requires the key path to be configured.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.store-gateway.tls-cert-path
    [tls_cert_path: <string> | default = ""]

    # Path to the key file for the client certificate. Also requires the client
    # certificate to be configured.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.store-gateway.tls-key-path
    [tls_key_path: <string> | default = ""]

    # Path to the CA certificates file to validate server certificate against.
    # If not set, the host's root CA certificates are used.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.store-gateway.tls-ca-path
    [tls_ca_path: <string> | default = ""]

    # Override the expected name on the server certificate.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.store-gateway.tls-server-name
    [tls_server_name: <string> | default = ""]

    # Skip validating server certificate.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.store-gateway.tls-insecure-skip-verify
    [tls_insecure_skip_verify: <boolean> | default = false]

    # Timeout for write requests to the backend, set to <=0 to disable.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.store-gateway.write-timeout
    [write_timeout: <duration> | default = 30s]

    # Timeout for read requests the backend, set to <=0 to disable.
    # CLI flag: -gateway.proxy.store-gateway.read-timeout
    [read_timeout: <duration> | default = 2m]

auth_config

The auth_config configures the authentication type to use.

# method for authenticating incoming HTTP requests, (default, enterprise).
# CLI flag: -auth.type
[type: <string> | default = "default"]

# requires admin level auth for the /metrics endpoint.
# CLI flag: -auth.required-for-metrics
[required_for_metrics: <boolean> | default = false]

override:
  # Override admin token. If set, this string will always be accepted as a token
  # with admin level scope.
  # CLI flag: -auth.override.token
  [token: <string> | default = ""]

  # If set, this file will be read at startup and the string from that file will
  # be used as a admin scoped token.
  # CLI flag: -auth.override.token-file
  [token_file: <string> | default = ""]

admin:
  # how long auth responses should be cached
  # CLI flag: -auth.cache.ttl
  [cache_ttl: <duration> | default = 10m]

  oidc:
    # JWT token issuer URL (example "https://accounts.google.com")
    # CLI flag: -auth.admin.oidc.issuer-url
    [issuer_url: <string> | default = ""]

    # claim in the JWT token containing the access policy
    # CLI flag: -auth.admin.oidc.access-policy-claim
    [access_policy_claim: <string> | default = ""]

    # regex to extract the access policy from the JWT token. The first submatch
    # of the provided regex expression will be used.
    # CLI flag: -auth.admin.oidc.access-policy-regex
    [access_policy_regex: <string> | default = ""]

    # optional audience to check in JWT token
    # CLI flag: -auth.admin.oidc.audience
    [audience: <string> | default = ""]

    # name of the access policy to use when the token doesn't contain an access
    # policy
    # CLI flag: -auth.admin.oidc.default-access-policy
    [default_access_policy: <string> | default = ""]

admin_client_config

The admin_client_config configures the instance management admin client.

storage:
  # Set a backend to use, (gcs, s3)
  # CLI flag: -admin.client.backend-type
  [type: <string> | default = ""]

  s3:
    # The S3 bucket endpoint. It could be an AWS S3 endpoint listed at
    # https://docs.aws.amazon.com/general/latest/gr/s3.html or the address of an
    # S3-compatible service in hostname:port format.
    # CLI flag: -admin.client.s3.endpoint
    [endpoint: <string> | default = ""]

    # S3 region. If unset, the client will issue a S3 GetBucketLocation API call
    # to autodetect it.
    # CLI flag: -admin.client.s3.region
    [region: <string> | default = ""]

    # S3 bucket name
    # CLI flag: -admin.client.s3.bucket-name
    [bucket_name: <string> | default = ""]

    # S3 secret access key
    # CLI flag: -admin.client.s3.secret-access-key
    [secret_access_key: <string> | default = ""]

    # S3 access key ID
    # CLI flag: -admin.client.s3.access-key-id
    [access_key_id: <string> | default = ""]

    # If enabled, use http:// for the S3 endpoint instead of https://. This
    # could be useful in local dev/test environments while using an
    # S3-compatible backend storage, like Minio.
    # CLI flag: -admin.client.s3.insecure
    [insecure: <boolean> | default = false]

    # The signature version to use for authenticating against S3. Supported
    # values are: v4, v2.
    # CLI flag: -admin.client.s3.signature-version
    [signature_version: <string> | default = "v4"]

    # The s3_sse_config configures the S3 server-side encryption.
    # The CLI flags prefix for this block config is: admin.client
    [sse: <s3_sse_config>]

    http:
      # The time an idle connection will remain idle before closing.
      # CLI flag: -admin.client.s3.http.idle-conn-timeout
      [idle_conn_timeout: <duration> | default = 1m30s]

      # The amount of time the client will wait for a servers response headers.
      # CLI flag: -admin.client.s3.http.response-header-timeout
      [response_header_timeout: <duration> | default = 2m]

      # If the client connects to S3 via HTTPS and this option is enabled, the
      # client will accept any certificate and hostname.
      # CLI flag: -admin.client.s3.http.insecure-skip-verify
      [insecure_skip_verify: <boolean> | default = false]

      # Maximum time to wait for a TLS handshake. 0 means no limit.
      # CLI flag: -admin.client.s3.tls-handshake-timeout
      [tls_handshake_timeout: <duration> | default = 10s]

      # The time to wait for a server's first response headers after fully
      # writing the request headers if the request has an Expect header. 0 to
      # send the request body immediately.
      # CLI flag: -admin.client.s3.expect-continue-timeout
      [expect_continue_timeout: <duration> | default = 1s]

      # Maximum number of idle (keep-alive) connections across all hosts. 0
      # means no limit.
      # CLI flag: -admin.client.s3.max-idle-connections
      [max_idle_connections: <int> | default = 100]

      # Maximum number of idle (keep-alive) connections to keep per-host. If 0,
      # a built-in default value is used.
      # CLI flag: -admin.client.s3.max-idle-connections-per-host
      [max_idle_connections_per_host: <int> | default = 100]

      # Maximum number of connections per host. 0 means no limit.
      # CLI flag: -admin.client.s3.max-connections-per-host
      [max_connections_per_host: <int> | default = 0]

    # Path to header map file containing name/value combos.
    # CLI flag: -admin.client.s3.header-map.file-path
    [header_map_file_path: <string> | default = ""]

    # Interval at which to repoll the headers file, if set <= 0 polling is
    # disabled.
    # CLI flag: -admin.client.s3.header-map.poll-interval
    [header_map_poll_interval: <duration> | default = 1m]

  gcs:
    # GCS bucket name
    # CLI flag: -admin.client.gcs.bucket-name
    [bucket_name: <string> | default = ""]

    # JSON representing either a Google Developers Console
    # client_credentials.json file or a Google Developers service account key
    # file. If empty, fallback to Google default logic.
    # CLI flag: -admin.client.gcs.service-account
    [service_account: <string> | default = ""]

  # Enable caching on the versioned client
  # CLI flag: -admin.client.cache.enabled
  [enable_cache: <boolean> | default = true]

# If set to true, the built-in __admin__ access policy will not be active.
# CLI flag: -admin.client.disable-default-admin-policy
[disable_default_admin_policy: <boolean> | default = false]

graphite_config

The graphite_config configures the graphite compatibility services.

# Whether the Graphite APIs are enabled (Experimental).
# CLI flag: -graphite.enabled
[enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

querier:
  schemas:
    # Defines for how long schemas shall be cached.
    # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.schema-ttl
    [schema_ttl: <duration> | default = 10s]

    # Path to default storage-schemas.conf file.
    # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.default-storage-schemas-file
    [default_storage_schemas_file: <string> | default = "/etc/cortextank/storage-schemas.conf"]

    # Path to default storage-aggregation.conf file.
    # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.default-storage-aggregations-file
    [default_storage_aggregations_file: <string> | default = "/etc/cortextank/storage-aggregation.conf"]

    # Whether support for object store backed user overrides should be enabled.
    # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.enable-user-overrides
    [enable_user_overrides: <boolean> | default = false]

    # Backend storage to use. Supported backends are: s3, gcs, azure, swift,
    # filesystem.
    # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.backend
    [backend: <string> | default = "s3"]

    s3:
      # The S3 bucket endpoint. It could be an AWS S3 endpoint listed at
      # https://docs.aws.amazon.com/general/latest/gr/s3.html or the address of
      # an S3-compatible service in hostname:port format.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.s3.endpoint
      [endpoint: <string> | default = ""]

      # S3 region. If unset, the client will issue a S3 GetBucketLocation API
      # call to autodetect it.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.s3.region
      [region: <string> | default = ""]

      # S3 bucket name
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.s3.bucket-name
      [bucket_name: <string> | default = ""]

      # S3 secret access key
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.s3.secret-access-key
      [secret_access_key: <string> | default = ""]

      # S3 access key ID
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.s3.access-key-id
      [access_key_id: <string> | default = ""]

      # If enabled, use http:// for the S3 endpoint instead of https://. This
      # could be useful in local dev/test environments while using an
      # S3-compatible backend storage, like Minio.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.s3.insecure
      [insecure: <boolean> | default = false]

      # The signature version to use for authenticating against S3. Supported
      # values are: v4, v2.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.s3.signature-version
      [signature_version: <string> | default = "v4"]

      # The s3_sse_config configures the S3 server-side encryption.
      # The CLI flags prefix for this block config is: graphite.querier.schemas
      [sse: <s3_sse_config>]

      http:
        # The time an idle connection will remain idle before closing.
        # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.s3.http.idle-conn-timeout
        [idle_conn_timeout: <duration> | default = 1m30s]

        # The amount of time the client will wait for a servers response
        # headers.
        # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.s3.http.response-header-timeout
        [response_header_timeout: <duration> | default = 2m]

        # If the client connects to S3 via HTTPS and this option is enabled, the
        # client will accept any certificate and hostname.
        # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.s3.http.insecure-skip-verify
        [insecure_skip_verify: <boolean> | default = false]

        # Maximum time to wait for a TLS handshake. 0 means no limit.
        # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.s3.tls-handshake-timeout
        [tls_handshake_timeout: <duration> | default = 10s]

        # The time to wait for a server's first response headers after fully
        # writing the request headers if the request has an Expect header. 0 to
        # send the request body immediately.
        # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.s3.expect-continue-timeout
        [expect_continue_timeout: <duration> | default = 1s]

        # Maximum number of idle (keep-alive) connections across all hosts. 0
        # means no limit.
        # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.s3.max-idle-connections
        [max_idle_connections: <int> | default = 100]

        # Maximum number of idle (keep-alive) connections to keep per-host. If
        # 0, a built-in default value is used.
        # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.s3.max-idle-connections-per-host
        [max_idle_connections_per_host: <int> | default = 100]

        # Maximum number of connections per host. 0 means no limit.
        # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.s3.max-connections-per-host
        [max_connections_per_host: <int> | default = 0]

    gcs:
      # GCS bucket name
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.gcs.bucket-name
      [bucket_name: <string> | default = ""]

      # JSON representing either a Google Developers Console
      # client_credentials.json file or a Google Developers service account key
      # file. If empty, fallback to Google default logic.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.gcs.service-account
      [service_account: <string> | default = ""]

    azure:
      # Azure storage account name
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.azure.account-name
      [account_name: <string> | default = ""]

      # Azure storage account key
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.azure.account-key
      [account_key: <string> | default = ""]

      # Azure storage container name
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.azure.container-name
      [container_name: <string> | default = ""]

      # Azure storage endpoint suffix without schema. The account name will be
      # prefixed to this value to create the FQDN
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.azure.endpoint-suffix
      [endpoint_suffix: <string> | default = ""]

      # Number of retries for recoverable errors
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.azure.max-retries
      [max_retries: <int> | default = 20]

    swift:
      # OpenStack Swift authentication API version. 0 to autodetect.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.swift.auth-version
      [auth_version: <int> | default = 0]

      # OpenStack Swift authentication URL
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.swift.auth-url
      [auth_url: <string> | default = ""]

      # OpenStack Swift username.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.swift.username
      [username: <string> | default = ""]

      # OpenStack Swift user's domain name.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.swift.user-domain-name
      [user_domain_name: <string> | default = ""]

      # OpenStack Swift user's domain ID.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.swift.user-domain-id
      [user_domain_id: <string> | default = ""]

      # OpenStack Swift user ID.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.swift.user-id
      [user_id: <string> | default = ""]

      # OpenStack Swift API key.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.swift.password
      [password: <string> | default = ""]

      # OpenStack Swift user's domain ID.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.swift.domain-id
      [domain_id: <string> | default = ""]

      # OpenStack Swift user's domain name.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.swift.domain-name
      [domain_name: <string> | default = ""]

      # OpenStack Swift project ID (v2,v3 auth only).
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.swift.project-id
      [project_id: <string> | default = ""]

      # OpenStack Swift project name (v2,v3 auth only).
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.swift.project-name
      [project_name: <string> | default = ""]

      # ID of the OpenStack Swift project's domain (v3 auth only), only needed
      # if it differs the from user domain.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.swift.project-domain-id
      [project_domain_id: <string> | default = ""]

      # Name of the OpenStack Swift project's domain (v3 auth only), only needed
      # if it differs from the user domain.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.swift.project-domain-name
      [project_domain_name: <string> | default = ""]

      # OpenStack Swift Region to use (v2,v3 auth only).
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.swift.region-name
      [region_name: <string> | default = ""]

      # Name of the OpenStack Swift container to put chunks in.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.swift.container-name
      [container_name: <string> | default = ""]

      # Max retries on requests error.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.swift.max-retries
      [max_retries: <int> | default = 3]

      # Time after which a connection attempt is aborted.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.swift.connect-timeout
      [connect_timeout: <duration> | default = 10s]

      # Time after which an idle request is aborted. The timeout watchdog is
      # reset each time some data is received, so the timeout triggers after X
      # time no data is received on a request.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.swift.request-timeout
      [request_timeout: <duration> | default = 5s]

    filesystem:
      # Local filesystem storage directory.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.schemas.filesystem.dir
      [dir: <string> | default = ""]

  # Period to wait before expiring a cached item.
  # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.cache-grace-period
  [cache_grace_period: <duration> | default = 5m]

  metric_name_cache:
    # Metric Name CacheEnable in-memory cache.
    # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.metric-name-cache.cache.enable-fifocache
    [enable_fifocache: <boolean> | default = false]

    # Metric Name CacheThe default validity of entries for caches unless
    # overridden.
    # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.metric-name-cache.default-validity
    [default_validity: <duration> | default = 0s]

    background:
      # Metric Name CacheAt what concurrency to write back to cache.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.metric-name-cache.background.write-back-concurrency
      [writeback_goroutines: <int> | default = 10]

      # Metric Name CacheHow many key batches to buffer for background
      # write-back.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.metric-name-cache.background.write-back-buffer
      [writeback_buffer: <int> | default = 10000]

    memcached:
      # Metric Name CacheHow long keys stay in the memcache.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.metric-name-cache.memcached.expiration
      [expiration: <duration> | default = 0s]

      # Metric Name CacheHow many keys to fetch in each batch.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.metric-name-cache.memcached.batchsize
      [batch_size: <int> | default = 1024]

      # Metric Name CacheMaximum active requests to memcache.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.metric-name-cache.memcached.parallelism
      [parallelism: <int> | default = 100]

    memcached_client:
      # Metric Name CacheHostname for memcached service to use. If empty and if
      # addresses is unset, no memcached will be used.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.metric-name-cache.memcached.hostname
      [host: <string> | default = ""]

      # Metric Name CacheSRV service used to discover memcache servers.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.metric-name-cache.memcached.service
      [service: <string> | default = "memcached"]

      # Metric Name CacheEXPERIMENTAL: Comma separated addresses list in DNS
      # Service Discovery format:
      # https://cortexmetrics.io/docs/configuration/arguments/#dns-service-discovery
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.metric-name-cache.memcached.addresses
      [addresses: <string> | default = ""]

      # Metric Name CacheMaximum time to wait before giving up on memcached
      # requests.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.metric-name-cache.memcached.timeout
      [timeout: <duration> | default = 100ms]

      # Metric Name CacheMaximum number of idle connections in pool.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.metric-name-cache.memcached.max-idle-conns
      [max_idle_conns: <int> | default = 16]

      # Metric Name CacheThe maximum size of an item stored in memcached. Bigger
      # items are not stored. If set to 0, no maximum size is enforced.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.metric-name-cache.memcached.max-item-size
      [max_item_size: <int> | default = 0]

      # Metric Name CachePeriod with which to poll DNS for memcache servers.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.metric-name-cache.memcached.update-interval
      [update_interval: <duration> | default = 1m]

      # Metric Name CacheUse consistent hashing to distribute to memcache
      # servers.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.metric-name-cache.memcached.consistent-hash
      [consistent_hash: <boolean> | default = true]

      # Metric Name CacheTrip circuit-breaker after this number of consecutive
      # dial failures (if zero then circuit-breaker is disabled).
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.metric-name-cache.memcached.circuit-breaker-consecutive-failures
      [circuit_breaker_consecutive_failures: <int> | default = 10]

      # Metric Name CacheDuration circuit-breaker remains open after tripping
      # (if zero then 60 seconds is used).
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.metric-name-cache.memcached.circuit-breaker-timeout
      [circuit_breaker_timeout: <duration> | default = 10s]

      # Metric Name CacheReset circuit-breaker counts after this long (if zero
      # then never reset).
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.metric-name-cache.memcached.circuit-breaker-interval
      [circuit_breaker_interval: <duration> | default = 10s]

    redis:
      # Metric Name CacheRedis Server endpoint to use for caching. A
      # comma-separated list of endpoints for Redis Cluster or Redis Sentinel.
      # If empty, no redis will be used.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.metric-name-cache.redis.endpoint
      [endpoint: <string> | default = ""]

      # Metric Name CacheRedis Sentinel master name. An empty string for Redis
      # Server or Redis Cluster.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.metric-name-cache.redis.master-name
      [master_name: <string> | default = ""]

      # Metric Name CacheMaximum time to wait before giving up on redis
      # requests.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.metric-name-cache.redis.timeout
      [timeout: <duration> | default = 500ms]

      # Metric Name CacheHow long keys stay in the redis.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.metric-name-cache.redis.expiration
      [expiration: <duration> | default = 0s]

      # Metric Name CacheDatabase index.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.metric-name-cache.redis.db
      [db: <int> | default = 0]

      # Metric Name CacheMaximum number of connections in the pool.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.metric-name-cache.redis.pool-size
      [pool_size: <int> | default = 0]

      # Metric Name CachePassword to use when connecting to redis.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.metric-name-cache.redis.password
      [password: <string> | default = ""]

      # Metric Name CacheEnable connecting to redis with TLS.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.metric-name-cache.redis.tls-enabled
      [tls_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

      # Metric Name CacheSkip validating server certificate.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.metric-name-cache.redis.tls-insecure-skip-verify
      [tls_insecure_skip_verify: <boolean> | default = false]

      # Metric Name CacheClose connections after remaining idle for this
      # duration. If the value is zero, then idle connections are not closed.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.metric-name-cache.redis.idle-timeout
      [idle_timeout: <duration> | default = 0s]

      # Metric Name CacheClose connections older than this duration. If the
      # value is zero, then the pool does not close connections based on age.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.metric-name-cache.redis.max-connection-age
      [max_connection_age: <duration> | default = 0s]

    fifocache:
      # Metric Name CacheMaximum memory size of the cache in bytes. A unit
      # suffix (KB, MB, GB) may be applied.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.metric-name-cache.fifocache.max-size-bytes
      [max_size_bytes: <string> | default = ""]

      # Metric Name CacheMaximum number of entries in the cache.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.metric-name-cache.fifocache.max-size-items
      [max_size_items: <int> | default = 0]

      # Metric Name CacheThe expiry duration for the cache.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.metric-name-cache.fifocache.duration
      [validity: <duration> | default = 0s]

      # Deprecated (use max-size-items or max-size-bytes instead): Metric Name
      # CacheThe number of entries to cache.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.metric-name-cache.fifocache.size
      [size: <int> | default = 0]

  aggregation_cache:
    # Aggregation CacheEnable in-memory cache.
    # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.aggregation-cache.cache.enable-fifocache
    [enable_fifocache: <boolean> | default = false]

    # Aggregation CacheThe default validity of entries for caches unless
    # overridden.
    # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.aggregation-cache.default-validity
    [default_validity: <duration> | default = 0s]

    background:
      # Aggregation CacheAt what concurrency to write back to cache.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.aggregation-cache.background.write-back-concurrency
      [writeback_goroutines: <int> | default = 10]

      # Aggregation CacheHow many key batches to buffer for background
      # write-back.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.aggregation-cache.background.write-back-buffer
      [writeback_buffer: <int> | default = 10000]

    memcached:
      # Aggregation CacheHow long keys stay in the memcache.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.aggregation-cache.memcached.expiration
      [expiration: <duration> | default = 0s]

      # Aggregation CacheHow many keys to fetch in each batch.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.aggregation-cache.memcached.batchsize
      [batch_size: <int> | default = 1024]

      # Aggregation CacheMaximum active requests to memcache.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.aggregation-cache.memcached.parallelism
      [parallelism: <int> | default = 100]

    memcached_client:
      # Aggregation CacheHostname for memcached service to use. If empty and if
      # addresses is unset, no memcached will be used.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.aggregation-cache.memcached.hostname
      [host: <string> | default = ""]

      # Aggregation CacheSRV service used to discover memcache servers.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.aggregation-cache.memcached.service
      [service: <string> | default = "memcached"]

      # Aggregation CacheEXPERIMENTAL: Comma separated addresses list in DNS
      # Service Discovery format:
      # https://cortexmetrics.io/docs/configuration/arguments/#dns-service-discovery
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.aggregation-cache.memcached.addresses
      [addresses: <string> | default = ""]

      # Aggregation CacheMaximum time to wait before giving up on memcached
      # requests.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.aggregation-cache.memcached.timeout
      [timeout: <duration> | default = 100ms]

      # Aggregation CacheMaximum number of idle connections in pool.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.aggregation-cache.memcached.max-idle-conns
      [max_idle_conns: <int> | default = 16]

      # Aggregation CacheThe maximum size of an item stored in memcached. Bigger
      # items are not stored. If set to 0, no maximum size is enforced.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.aggregation-cache.memcached.max-item-size
      [max_item_size: <int> | default = 0]

      # Aggregation CachePeriod with which to poll DNS for memcache servers.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.aggregation-cache.memcached.update-interval
      [update_interval: <duration> | default = 1m]

      # Aggregation CacheUse consistent hashing to distribute to memcache
      # servers.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.aggregation-cache.memcached.consistent-hash
      [consistent_hash: <boolean> | default = true]

      # Aggregation CacheTrip circuit-breaker after this number of consecutive
      # dial failures (if zero then circuit-breaker is disabled).
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.aggregation-cache.memcached.circuit-breaker-consecutive-failures
      [circuit_breaker_consecutive_failures: <int> | default = 10]

      # Aggregation CacheDuration circuit-breaker remains open after tripping
      # (if zero then 60 seconds is used).
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.aggregation-cache.memcached.circuit-breaker-timeout
      [circuit_breaker_timeout: <duration> | default = 10s]

      # Aggregation CacheReset circuit-breaker counts after this long (if zero
      # then never reset).
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.aggregation-cache.memcached.circuit-breaker-interval
      [circuit_breaker_interval: <duration> | default = 10s]

    redis:
      # Aggregation CacheRedis Server endpoint to use for caching. A
      # comma-separated list of endpoints for Redis Cluster or Redis Sentinel.
      # If empty, no redis will be used.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.aggregation-cache.redis.endpoint
      [endpoint: <string> | default = ""]

      # Aggregation CacheRedis Sentinel master name. An empty string for Redis
      # Server or Redis Cluster.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.aggregation-cache.redis.master-name
      [master_name: <string> | default = ""]

      # Aggregation CacheMaximum time to wait before giving up on redis
      # requests.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.aggregation-cache.redis.timeout
      [timeout: <duration> | default = 500ms]

      # Aggregation CacheHow long keys stay in the redis.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.aggregation-cache.redis.expiration
      [expiration: <duration> | default = 0s]

      # Aggregation CacheDatabase index.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.aggregation-cache.redis.db
      [db: <int> | default = 0]

      # Aggregation CacheMaximum number of connections in the pool.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.aggregation-cache.redis.pool-size
      [pool_size: <int> | default = 0]

      # Aggregation CachePassword to use when connecting to redis.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.aggregation-cache.redis.password
      [password: <string> | default = ""]

      # Aggregation CacheEnable connecting to redis with TLS.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.aggregation-cache.redis.tls-enabled
      [tls_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

      # Aggregation CacheSkip validating server certificate.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.aggregation-cache.redis.tls-insecure-skip-verify
      [tls_insecure_skip_verify: <boolean> | default = false]

      # Aggregation CacheClose connections after remaining idle for this
      # duration. If the value is zero, then idle connections are not closed.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.aggregation-cache.redis.idle-timeout
      [idle_timeout: <duration> | default = 0s]

      # Aggregation CacheClose connections older than this duration. If the
      # value is zero, then the pool does not close connections based on age.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.aggregation-cache.redis.max-connection-age
      [max_connection_age: <duration> | default = 0s]

    fifocache:
      # Aggregation CacheMaximum memory size of the cache in bytes. A unit
      # suffix (KB, MB, GB) may be applied.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.aggregation-cache.fifocache.max-size-bytes
      [max_size_bytes: <string> | default = ""]

      # Aggregation CacheMaximum number of entries in the cache.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.aggregation-cache.fifocache.max-size-items
      [max_size_items: <int> | default = 0]

      # Aggregation CacheThe expiry duration for the cache.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.aggregation-cache.fifocache.duration
      [validity: <duration> | default = 0s]

      # Deprecated (use max-size-items or max-size-bytes instead): Aggregation
      # CacheThe number of entries to cache.
      # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.aggregation-cache.fifocache.size
      [size: <int> | default = 0]

  # Number of go routines to concurrently fetch and process data.
  # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.query-handling-concurrency
  [query_handling_concurrency: <int> | default = 8]

  # Split queries by this interval and execute in parallel, 0 disables query
  # splitting.
  # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.split-queries-by-interval
  [split_queries_by_interval: <duration> | default = 24h]

  # Proxy bad requests to graphite
  # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.proxy-bad-requests
  [proxy_bad_requests: <boolean> | default = true]

  # Graphite http listener fallback address
  # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.graphite-fallback
  [graphite_fallback: <string> | default = "http://graphite:80"]

  # How far into the past we perform index lookups for find calls
  # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.metrics-find-cutoff
  [metrics_find_cutoff: <string> | default = "32d"]

  # Max number of data points a query may return, if number of data points
  # exceeds this limit we aggregate them down to the limit.
  # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.max-points-per-req-soft
  [max_points_per_req_soft: <int> | default = 1000000]

  # If query results in more data points than this limit we directly cancel it
  # with an error message.
  # CLI flag: -graphite.querier.max-points-per-req-hard
  [max_points_per_req_hard: <int> | default = 20000000]

write_proxy:
  distributor_client:
    # GRPC listen address of cortex distributor(s). Must be a DNS address
    # (prefixed with dns:///) to enable client side load balancing.
    # CLI flag: -graphite.write-proxy.distributor-client.address
    [address: <string> | default = "dns:///:9095"]

    # GRPC connection timeout for cortex distributor(s)
    # CLI flag: -graphite.write-proxy.distributor-client.connect-timeout
    [connect_timeout: <duration> | default = 5s]

    # Set to true if distributor connection requires TLS.
    # CLI flag: -graphite.write-proxy.distributor-client.tls-enabled
    [tls_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

    # Path to the client certificate file, which will be used for authenticating
    # with the server. Also requires the key path to be configured.
    # CLI flag: -graphite.write-proxy.distributor-client.tls-cert-path
    [tls_cert_path: <string> | default = ""]

    # Path to the key file for the client certificate. Also requires the client
    # certificate to be configured.
    # CLI flag: -graphite.write-proxy.distributor-client.tls-key-path
    [tls_key_path: <string> | default = ""]

    # Path to the CA certificates file to validate server certificate against.
    # If not set, the host's root CA certificates are used.
    # CLI flag: -graphite.write-proxy.distributor-client.tls-ca-path
    [tls_ca_path: <string> | default = ""]

    # Override the expected name on the server certificate.
    # CLI flag: -graphite.write-proxy.distributor-client.tls-server-name
    [tls_server_name: <string> | default = ""]

    # Skip validating server certificate.
    # CLI flag: -graphite.write-proxy.distributor-client.tls-insecure-skip-verify
    [tls_insecure_skip_verify: <boolean> | default = false]

instrumentation_config

The instrumentation_config configures the instrumentation module.

# Enable self-monitoring metrics recorded under the system instance
# CLI flag: -instrumentation.enabled
[enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

# How often to flush self-monitoring metrics to distributor
# CLI flag: -instrumentation.flush-period
[flush_period: <duration> | default = 15s]

# Timeout writing self-monitoring metrics to distributor
# CLI flag: -instrumentation.write-timeout
[write_timeout: <duration> | default = 10s]

distributor_client:
  # GRPC listen address of cortex distributor(s). Must be a DNS address
  # (prefixed with dns:///) to enable client side load balancing.
  # CLI flag: -instrumentation.distributor-client.address
  [address: <string> | default = "dns:///:9095"]

  # GRPC connection timeout for cortex distributor(s)
  # CLI flag: -instrumentation.distributor-client.connect-timeout
  [connect_timeout: <duration> | default = 5s]

  # Set to true if distributor connection requires TLS.
  # CLI flag: -instrumentation.distributor-client.tls-enabled
  [tls_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

  # Path to the client certificate file, which will be used for authenticating
  # with the server. Also requires the key path to be configured.
  # CLI flag: -instrumentation.distributor-client.tls-cert-path
  [tls_cert_path: <string> | default = ""]

  # Path to the key file for the client certificate. Also requires the client
  # certificate to be configured.
  # CLI flag: -instrumentation.distributor-client.tls-key-path
  [tls_key_path: <string> | default = ""]

  # Path to the CA certificates file to validate server certificate against. If
  # not set, the host's root CA certificates are used.
  # CLI flag: -instrumentation.distributor-client.tls-ca-path
  [tls_ca_path: <string> | default = ""]

  # Override the expected name on the server certificate.
  # CLI flag: -instrumentation.distributor-client.tls-server-name
  [tls_server_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # Skip validating server certificate.
  # CLI flag: -instrumentation.distributor-client.tls-insecure-skip-verify
  [tls_insecure_skip_verify: <boolean> | default = false]

node_collector:
  # Mount point of the proc filesystem.
  # CLI flag: -instrumentation.node-collector.procfs-path
  [procfs_path: <string> | default = "/proc"]

  # Mount point of the root filesystem.
  # CLI flag: -instrumentation.node-collector.rootfs-path
  [rootfs_path: <string> | default = "/"]

  # Regex pattern of mount points to ignore for the filesystem collector
  # CLI flag: -instrumentation.node-collector.filesystem-ignored-mount-points
  [filesystem_ignored_mount_points: <string> | default = "^/(dev|proc|sys|var/lib/docker/.+)($|/)"]

  # Regex pattern of filesystem types to ignore for the filesystem collector
  # CLI flag: -instrumentation.node-collector.filesystem-ignored-fs-types
  [filesystem_ignored_fs_types: <string> | default = "^(autofs|binfmt_misc|bpf|cgroup2?|configfs|debugfs|devpts|devtmpfs|fusectl|hugetlbfs|iso9660|mqueue|nsfs|overlay|proc|procfs|pstore|rpc_pipefs|securityfs|selinuxfs|squashfs|sysfs|tracefs)$"]

  # Regex pattern of devices to ignore for the disktstats collector
  # CLI flag: -instrumentation.node-collector.diskstats-ignored-devices
  [diskstats_ignored_devices: <string> | default = "^(ram|loop|fd|(h|s|v|xv)d[a-z]|nvme\\d+n\\d+p)\\d+$"]

bootstrap_config

This target is deprecated, use the tokengen target instead. In prior versions, bootstrap_config was used to configure the bootstrap target.

# Name of built in access policy.
# CLI flag: -bootstrap.policy-name
[policy_name: <string> | default = "admin-policy"]

# Write token to this instead of the standard out.
# CLI flag: -bootstrap.token-file
[token_file: <string> | default = ""]

tokengen_config

The tokengen_config is used to configure the tokengen command.

# The name of the access policy to generate a token for. It defaults to the
# built-in admin policy.
# CLI flag: -tokengen.access-policy
[access_policy: <string> | default = "__admin__"]

# If set, the generated token will be printed to a file at the provided path
# instead of stdout.
# CLI flag: -tokengen.token-file
[token_file: <string> | default = ""]

license_config

The license_config configures the license validation module.

# Filepath to license jwt file.
# CLI flag: -license.path
[path: <string> | default = "./license.jwt"]

# Interval to check for new or existing licenses.
# CLI flag: -license.sync-interval
[sync_interval: <duration> | default = 1h]

federation_config

The federation_config configures the federation frontend component, which can be used to federate querier between multiple Grafana Enterprise Metrics clusters.

# A federation_target_config configures a particular cluster that queries should
# get federated to.
[proxy_targets: <federation_target_config>]

federation_target_config

A federation_target_config configures a particular cluster that queries should get federated to.

# Name contains the name of the proxy target, it will be used for the
# __cluster__ label.
[name: <string> | default = ""]

# URL is the URL to the Prometheus API endpoints.
[url: <string> | default = ""]

# Those optional Basic Auth parameters allow to override the client provided
# credentials.
basic_auth:
  # Basic Auth username
  [username: <string> | default = ""]

  # Basic Auth password
  [password: <string> | default = ""]

server_config

The server_config configures the HTTP and gRPC server of the launched service(s).

# HTTP server listen address.
# CLI flag: -server.http-listen-address
[http_listen_address: <string> | default = ""]

# HTTP server listen port.
# CLI flag: -server.http-listen-port
[http_listen_port: <int> | default = 80]

# Maximum number of simultaneous http connections, <=0 to disable
# CLI flag: -server.http-conn-limit
[http_listen_conn_limit: <int> | default = 0]

# gRPC server listen address.
# CLI flag: -server.grpc-listen-address
[grpc_listen_address: <string> | default = ""]

# gRPC server listen port.
# CLI flag: -server.grpc-listen-port
[grpc_listen_port: <int> | default = 9095]

# Maximum number of simultaneous grpc connections, <=0 to disable
# CLI flag: -server.grpc-conn-limit
[grpc_listen_conn_limit: <int> | default = 0]

http_tls_config:
  # HTTP server cert path.
  # CLI flag: -server.http-tls-cert-path
  [cert_file: <string> | default = ""]

  # HTTP server key path.
  # CLI flag: -server.http-tls-key-path
  [key_file: <string> | default = ""]

  # HTTP TLS Client Auth type.
  # CLI flag: -server.http-tls-client-auth
  [client_auth_type: <string> | default = ""]

  # HTTP TLS Client CA path.
  # CLI flag: -server.http-tls-ca-path
  [client_ca_file: <string> | default = ""]

grpc_tls_config:
  # GRPC TLS server cert path.
  # CLI flag: -server.grpc-tls-cert-path
  [cert_file: <string> | default = ""]

  # GRPC TLS server key path.
  # CLI flag: -server.grpc-tls-key-path
  [key_file: <string> | default = ""]

  # GRPC TLS Client Auth type.
  # CLI flag: -server.grpc-tls-client-auth
  [client_auth_type: <string> | default = ""]

  # GRPC TLS Client CA path.
  # CLI flag: -server.grpc-tls-ca-path
  [client_ca_file: <string> | default = ""]

# Register the intrumentation handlers (/metrics etc).
# CLI flag: -server.register-instrumentation
[register_instrumentation: <boolean> | default = true]

# Timeout for graceful shutdowns
# CLI flag: -server.graceful-shutdown-timeout
[graceful_shutdown_timeout: <duration> | default = 30s]

# Read timeout for HTTP server
# CLI flag: -server.http-read-timeout
[http_server_read_timeout: <duration> | default = 30s]

# Write timeout for HTTP server
# CLI flag: -server.http-write-timeout
[http_server_write_timeout: <duration> | default = 30s]

# Idle timeout for HTTP server
# CLI flag: -server.http-idle-timeout
[http_server_idle_timeout: <duration> | default = 2m]

# Limit on the size of a gRPC message this server can receive (bytes).
# CLI flag: -server.grpc-max-recv-msg-size-bytes
[grpc_server_max_recv_msg_size: <int> | default = 4194304]

# Limit on the size of a gRPC message this server can send (bytes).
# CLI flag: -server.grpc-max-send-msg-size-bytes
[grpc_server_max_send_msg_size: <int> | default = 4194304]

# Limit on the number of concurrent streams for gRPC calls (0 = unlimited)
# CLI flag: -server.grpc-max-concurrent-streams
[grpc_server_max_concurrent_streams: <int> | default = 100]

# The duration after which an idle connection should be closed. Default:
# infinity
# CLI flag: -server.grpc.keepalive.max-connection-idle
[grpc_server_max_connection_idle: <duration> | default = 2562047h47m16.854775807s]

# The duration for the maximum amount of time a connection may exist before it
# will be closed. Default: infinity
# CLI flag: -server.grpc.keepalive.max-connection-age
[grpc_server_max_connection_age: <duration> | default = 2562047h47m16.854775807s]

# An additive period after max-connection-age after which the connection will be
# forcibly closed. Default: infinity
# CLI flag: -server.grpc.keepalive.max-connection-age-grace
[grpc_server_max_connection_age_grace: <duration> | default = 2562047h47m16.854775807s]

# Duration after which a keepalive probe is sent in case of no activity over the
# connection., Default: 2h
# CLI flag: -server.grpc.keepalive.time
[grpc_server_keepalive_time: <duration> | default = 2h]

# After having pinged for keepalive check, the duration after which an idle
# connection should be closed, Default: 20s
# CLI flag: -server.grpc.keepalive.timeout
[grpc_server_keepalive_timeout: <duration> | default = 20s]

# Minimum amount of time a client should wait before sending a keepalive ping.
# If client sends keepalive ping more often, server will send GOAWAY and close
# the connection.
# CLI flag: -server.grpc.keepalive.min-time-between-pings
[grpc_server_min_time_between_pings: <duration> | default = 10s]

# If true, server allows keepalive pings even when there are no active
# streams(RPCs). If false, and client sends ping when there are no active
# streams, server will send GOAWAY and close the connection.
# CLI flag: -server.grpc.keepalive.ping-without-stream-allowed
[grpc_server_ping_without_stream_allowed: <boolean> | default = true]

# Output log messages in the given format. Valid formats: [logfmt, json]
# CLI flag: -log.format
[log_format: <string> | default = "logfmt"]

# Only log messages with the given severity or above. Valid levels: [debug,
# info, warn, error]
# CLI flag: -log.level
[log_level: <string> | default = "info"]

# Optionally log the source IPs.
# CLI flag: -server.log-source-ips-enabled
[log_source_ips_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

# Header field storing the source IPs. Only used if
# server.log-source-ips-enabled is true. If not set the default Forwarded,
# X-Real-IP and X-Forwarded-For headers are used
# CLI flag: -server.log-source-ips-header
[log_source_ips_header: <string> | default = ""]

# Regex for matching the source IPs. Only used if server.log-source-ips-enabled
# is true. If not set the default Forwarded, X-Real-IP and X-Forwarded-For
# headers are used
# CLI flag: -server.log-source-ips-regex
[log_source_ips_regex: <string> | default = ""]

# Base path to serve all API routes from (e.g. /v1/)
# CLI flag: -server.path-prefix
[http_path_prefix: <string> | default = ""]

distributor_config

The distributor_config configures the GEM distributor.

pool:
  # How frequently to clean up clients for ingesters that have gone away.
  # CLI flag: -distributor.client-cleanup-period
  [client_cleanup_period: <duration> | default = 15s]

  # Run a health check on each ingester client during periodic cleanup.
  # CLI flag: -distributor.health-check-ingesters
  [health_check_ingesters: <boolean> | default = true]

ha_tracker:
  # Enable the distributors HA tracker so that it can accept samples from
  # Prometheus HA replicas gracefully (requires labels).
  # CLI flag: -distributor.ha-tracker.enable
  [enable_ha_tracker: <boolean> | default = false]

  # Update the timestamp in the KV store for a given cluster/replica only after
  # this amount of time has passed since the current stored timestamp.
  # CLI flag: -distributor.ha-tracker.update-timeout
  [ha_tracker_update_timeout: <duration> | default = 15s]

  # Maximum jitter applied to the update timeout, in order to spread the HA
  # heartbeats over time.
  # CLI flag: -distributor.ha-tracker.update-timeout-jitter-max
  [ha_tracker_update_timeout_jitter_max: <duration> | default = 5s]

  # If we don't receive any samples from the accepted replica for a cluster in
  # this amount of time we will failover to the next replica we receive a sample
  # from. This value must be greater than the update timeout
  # CLI flag: -distributor.ha-tracker.failover-timeout
  [ha_tracker_failover_timeout: <duration> | default = 30s]

  # Backend storage to use for the ring. Please be aware that memberlist is not
  # supported by the HA tracker since gossip propagation is too slow for HA
  # purposes.
  kvstore:
    # Backend storage to use for the ring. Supported values are: consul, etcd,
    # inmemory, memberlist, multi.
    # CLI flag: -distributor.ha-tracker.store
    [store: <string> | default = "consul"]

    # The prefix for the keys in the store. Should end with a /.
    # CLI flag: -distributor.ha-tracker.prefix
    [prefix: <string> | default = "ha-tracker/"]

    # The consul_config configures the consul client.
    # The CLI flags prefix for this block config is: distributor.ha-tracker
    [consul: <consul_config>]

    # The etcd_config configures the etcd client.
    # The CLI flags prefix for this block config is: distributor.ha-tracker
    [etcd: <etcd_config>]

    multi:
      # Primary backend storage used by multi-client.
      # CLI flag: -distributor.ha-tracker.multi.primary
      [primary: <string> | default = ""]

      # Secondary backend storage used by multi-client.
      # CLI flag: -distributor.ha-tracker.multi.secondary
      [secondary: <string> | default = ""]

      # Mirror writes to secondary store.
      # CLI flag: -distributor.ha-tracker.multi.mirror-enabled
      [mirror_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

      # Timeout for storing value to secondary store.
      # CLI flag: -distributor.ha-tracker.multi.mirror-timeout
      [mirror_timeout: <duration> | default = 2s]

# remote_write API max receive message size (bytes).
# CLI flag: -distributor.max-recv-msg-size
[max_recv_msg_size: <int> | default = 104857600]

# Timeout for downstream ingesters.
# CLI flag: -distributor.remote-timeout
[remote_timeout: <duration> | default = 2s]

# Time to wait before sending more than the minimum successful query requests.
# CLI flag: -distributor.extra-query-delay
[extra_queue_delay: <duration> | default = 0s]

# The sharding strategy to use. Supported values are: default, shuffle-sharding.
# CLI flag: -distributor.sharding-strategy
[sharding_strategy: <string> | default = "default"]

# Distribute samples based on all labels, as opposed to solely by user and
# metric name.
# CLI flag: -distributor.shard-by-all-labels
[shard_by_all_labels: <boolean> | default = false]

# Try writing to an additional ingester in the presence of an ingester not in
# the ACTIVE state. It is useful to disable this along with
# -ingester.unregister-on-shutdown=false in order to not spread samples to extra
# ingesters during rolling restarts with consistent naming.
# CLI flag: -distributor.extend-writes
[extend_writes: <boolean> | default = true]

ring:
  kvstore:
    # Backend storage to use for the ring. Supported values are: consul, etcd,
    # inmemory, memberlist, multi.
    # CLI flag: -distributor.ring.store
    [store: <string> | default = "consul"]

    # The prefix for the keys in the store. Should end with a /.
    # CLI flag: -distributor.ring.prefix
    [prefix: <string> | default = "collectors/"]

    # The consul_config configures the consul client.
    # The CLI flags prefix for this block config is: distributor.ring
    [consul: <consul_config>]

    # The etcd_config configures the etcd client.
    # The CLI flags prefix for this block config is: distributor.ring
    [etcd: <etcd_config>]

    multi:
      # Primary backend storage used by multi-client.
      # CLI flag: -distributor.ring.multi.primary
      [primary: <string> | default = ""]

      # Secondary backend storage used by multi-client.
      # CLI flag: -distributor.ring.multi.secondary
      [secondary: <string> | default = ""]

      # Mirror writes to secondary store.
      # CLI flag: -distributor.ring.multi.mirror-enabled
      [mirror_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

      # Timeout for storing value to secondary store.
      # CLI flag: -distributor.ring.multi.mirror-timeout
      [mirror_timeout: <duration> | default = 2s]

  # Period at which to heartbeat to the ring. 0 = disabled.
  # CLI flag: -distributor.ring.heartbeat-period
  [heartbeat_period: <duration> | default = 5s]

  # The heartbeat timeout after which distributors are considered unhealthy
  # within the ring. 0 = never (timeout disabled).
  # CLI flag: -distributor.ring.heartbeat-timeout
  [heartbeat_timeout: <duration> | default = 1m]

  # Name of network interface to read address from.
  # CLI flag: -distributor.ring.instance-interface-names
  [instance_interface_names: <list of string> | default = [eth0 en0]]

instance_limits:
  # Max ingestion rate (samples/sec) that this distributor will accept. This
  # limit is per-distributor, not per-tenant. Additional push requests will be
  # rejected. Current ingestion rate is computed as exponentially weighted
  # moving average, updated every second. 0 = unlimited.
  # CLI flag: -distributor.instance-limits.max-ingestion-rate
  [max_ingestion_rate: <float> | default = 0]

  # Max inflight push requests that this distributor can handle. This limit is
  # per-distributor, not per-tenant. Additional requests will be rejected. 0 =
  # unlimited.
  # CLI flag: -distributor.instance-limits.max-inflight-push-requests
  [max_inflight_push_requests: <int> | default = 0]

ingester_config

The ingester_config configures the GEM ingester.

# Configures the Write-Ahead Log (WAL) for the GEM chunks storage. This config
# is ignored when running the GEM blocks storage.
walconfig:
  # Enable writing of ingested data into WAL.
  # CLI flag: -ingester.wal-enabled
  [wal_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

  # Enable checkpointing of in-memory chunks. It should always be true when
  # using normally. Set it to false iff you are doing some small tests as there
  # is no mechanism to delete the old WAL yet if checkpoint is disabled.
  # CLI flag: -ingester.checkpoint-enabled
  [checkpoint_enabled: <boolean> | default = true]

  # Recover data from existing WAL irrespective of WAL enabled/disabled.
  # CLI flag: -ingester.recover-from-wal
  [recover_from_wal: <boolean> | default = false]

  # Directory to store the WAL and/or recover from WAL.
  # CLI flag: -ingester.wal-dir
  [wal_dir: <string> | default = "wal"]

  # Interval at which checkpoints should be created.
  # CLI flag: -ingester.checkpoint-duration
  [checkpoint_duration: <duration> | default = 30m]

  # When WAL is enabled, should chunks be flushed to long-term storage on
  # shutdown. Useful eg. for migration to blocks engine.
  # CLI flag: -ingester.flush-on-shutdown-with-wal-enabled
  [flush_on_shutdown_with_wal_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

lifecycler:
  ring:
    kvstore:
      # Backend storage to use for the ring. Supported values are: consul, etcd,
      # inmemory, memberlist, multi.
      # CLI flag: -ring.store
      [store: <string> | default = "consul"]

      # The prefix for the keys in the store. Should end with a /.
      # CLI flag: -ring.prefix
      [prefix: <string> | default = "collectors/"]

      # The consul_config configures the consul client.
      [consul: <consul_config>]

      # The etcd_config configures the etcd client.
      [etcd: <etcd_config>]

      multi:
        # Primary backend storage used by multi-client.
        # CLI flag: -multi.primary
        [primary: <string> | default = ""]

        # Secondary backend storage used by multi-client.
        # CLI flag: -multi.secondary
        [secondary: <string> | default = ""]

        # Mirror writes to secondary store.
        # CLI flag: -multi.mirror-enabled
        [mirror_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

        # Timeout for storing value to secondary store.
        # CLI flag: -multi.mirror-timeout
        [mirror_timeout: <duration> | default = 2s]

    # The heartbeat timeout after which ingesters are skipped for reads/writes.
    # 0 = never (timeout disabled).
    # CLI flag: -ring.heartbeat-timeout
    [heartbeat_timeout: <duration> | default = 1m]

    # The number of ingesters to write to and read from.
    # CLI flag: -distributor.replication-factor
    [replication_factor: <int> | default = 3]

    # True to enable the zone-awareness and replicate ingested samples across
    # different availability zones.
    # CLI flag: -distributor.zone-awareness-enabled
    [zone_awareness_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

    # Comma-separated list of zones to exclude from the ring. Instances in
    # excluded zones will be filtered out from the ring.
    # CLI flag: -distributor.excluded-zones
    [excluded_zones: <string> | default = ""]

  # Number of tokens for each ingester.
  # CLI flag: -ingester.num-tokens
  [num_tokens: <int> | default = 128]

  # Period at which to heartbeat to consul. 0 = disabled.
  # CLI flag: -ingester.heartbeat-period
  [heartbeat_period: <duration> | default = 5s]

  # Observe tokens after generating to resolve collisions. Useful when using
  # gossiping ring.
  # CLI flag: -ingester.observe-period
  [observe_period: <duration> | default = 0s]

  # Period to wait for a claim from another member; will join automatically
  # after this.
  # CLI flag: -ingester.join-after
  [join_after: <duration> | default = 0s]

  # Minimum duration to wait before becoming ready. This is to work around race
  # conditions with ingesters exiting and updating the ring.
  # CLI flag: -ingester.min-ready-duration
  [min_ready_duration: <duration> | default = 1m]

  # Name of network interface to read address from.
  # CLI flag: -ingester.lifecycler.interface
  [interface_names: <list of string> | default = [eth0 en0]]

  # Duration to sleep for before exiting, to ensure metrics are scraped.
  # CLI flag: -ingester.final-sleep
  [final_sleep: <duration> | default = 30s]

  # File path where tokens are stored. If empty, tokens are not stored at
  # shutdown and restored at startup.
  # CLI flag: -ingester.tokens-file-path
  [tokens_file_path: <string> | default = ""]

  # The availability zone where this instance is running.
  # CLI flag: -ingester.availability-zone
  [availability_zone: <string> | default = ""]

  # Unregister from the ring upon clean shutdown. It can be useful to disable
  # for rolling restarts with consistent naming in conjunction with
  # -distributor.extend-writes=false.
  # CLI flag: -ingester.unregister-on-shutdown
  [unregister_on_shutdown: <boolean> | default = true]

  # When enabled the readiness probe succeeds only after all instances are
  # ACTIVE and healthy in the ring. This option should be disabled if in your
  # cluster multiple instances can be rolled out simultaneously, otherwise
  # rolling updates may be slowed down.
  # CLI flag: -ingester.readiness-check-ring-health
  [readiness_check_ring_health: <boolean> | default = true]

# Number of times to try and transfer chunks before falling back to flushing.
# Negative value or zero disables hand-over. This feature is supported only by
# the chunks storage.
# CLI flag: -ingester.max-transfer-retries
[max_transfer_retries: <int> | default = 10]

# Period with which to attempt to flush chunks.
# CLI flag: -ingester.flush-period
[flush_period: <duration> | default = 1m]

# Period chunks will remain in memory after flushing.
# CLI flag: -ingester.retain-period
[retain_period: <duration> | default = 5m]

# Maximum chunk idle time before flushing.
# CLI flag: -ingester.max-chunk-idle
[max_chunk_idle_time: <duration> | default = 5m]

# Maximum chunk idle time for chunks terminating in stale markers before
# flushing. 0 disables it and a stale series is not flushed until the
# max-chunk-idle timeout is reached.
# CLI flag: -ingester.max-stale-chunk-idle
[max_stale_chunk_idle_time: <duration> | default = 2m]

# Timeout for individual flush operations.
# CLI flag: -ingester.flush-op-timeout
[flush_op_timeout: <duration> | default = 1m]

# Maximum chunk age before flushing.
# CLI flag: -ingester.max-chunk-age
[max_chunk_age: <duration> | default = 12h]

# Range of time to subtract from -ingester.max-chunk-age to spread out flushes
# CLI flag: -ingester.chunk-age-jitter
[chunk_age_jitter: <duration> | default = 0s]

# Number of concurrent goroutines flushing to dynamodb.
# CLI flag: -ingester.concurrent-flushes
[concurrent_flushes: <int> | default = 50]

# If true, spread series flushes across the whole period of
# -ingester.max-chunk-age.
# CLI flag: -ingester.spread-flushes
[spread_flushes: <boolean> | default = true]

# Period at which metadata we have not seen will remain in memory before being
# deleted.
# CLI flag: -ingester.metadata-retain-period
[metadata_retain_period: <duration> | default = 10m]

# Period with which to update the per-user ingestion rates.
# CLI flag: -ingester.rate-update-period
[rate_update_period: <duration> | default = 15s]

# Enable tracking of active series and export them as metrics.
# CLI flag: -ingester.active-series-metrics-enabled
[active_series_metrics_enabled: <boolean> | default = true]

# How often to update active series metrics.
# CLI flag: -ingester.active-series-metrics-update-period
[active_series_metrics_update_period: <duration> | default = 1m]

# After what time a series is considered to be inactive.
# CLI flag: -ingester.active-series-metrics-idle-timeout
[active_series_metrics_idle_timeout: <duration> | default = 10m]

instance_limits:
  # Max ingestion rate (samples/sec) that ingester will accept. This limit is
  # per-ingester, not per-tenant. Additional push requests will be rejected.
  # Current ingestion rate is computed as exponentially weighted moving average,
  # updated every second. This limit only works when using blocks engine. 0 =
  # unlimited.
  # CLI flag: -ingester.instance-limits.max-ingestion-rate
  [max_ingestion_rate: <float> | default = 0]

  # Max users that this ingester can hold. Requests from additional users will
  # be rejected. This limit only works when using blocks engine. 0 = unlimited.
  # CLI flag: -ingester.instance-limits.max-tenants
  [max_tenants: <int> | default = 0]

  # Max series that this ingester can hold (across all tenants). Requests to
  # create additional series will be rejected. This limit only works when using
  # blocks engine. 0 = unlimited.
  # CLI flag: -ingester.instance-limits.max-series
  [max_series: <int> | default = 0]

  # Max inflight push requests that this ingester can handle (across all
  # tenants). Additional requests will be rejected. 0 = unlimited.
  # CLI flag: -ingester.instance-limits.max-inflight-push-requests
  [max_inflight_push_requests: <int> | default = 0]

# Comma-separated list of metric names, for which
# -ingester.max-series-per-metric and -ingester.max-global-series-per-metric
# limits will be ignored. Does not affect max-series-per-user or
# max-global-series-per-metric limits.
# CLI flag: -ingester.ignore-series-limit-for-metric-names
[ignore_series_limit_for_metric_names: <string> | default = ""]

querier_config

The querier_config configures the GEM querier.

# The maximum number of concurrent queries.
# CLI flag: -querier.max-concurrent
[max_concurrent: <int> | default = 20]

# The timeout for a query.
# CLI flag: -querier.timeout
[timeout: <duration> | default = 2m]

# Use iterators to execute query, as opposed to fully materialising the series
# in memory.
# CLI flag: -querier.iterators
[iterators: <boolean> | default = false]

# Use batch iterators to execute query, as opposed to fully materialising the
# series in memory.  Takes precedent over the -querier.iterators flag.
# CLI flag: -querier.batch-iterators
[batch_iterators: <boolean> | default = true]

# Use streaming RPCs to query ingester.
# CLI flag: -querier.ingester-streaming
[ingester_streaming: <boolean> | default = true]

# Maximum number of samples a single query can load into memory.
# CLI flag: -querier.max-samples
[max_samples: <int> | default = 50000000]

# Maximum lookback beyond which queries are not sent to ingester. 0 means all
# queries are sent to ingester.
# CLI flag: -querier.query-ingesters-within
[query_ingesters_within: <duration> | default = 0s]

# Query long-term store for series, label values and label names APIs. Works
# only with blocks engine.
# CLI flag: -querier.query-store-for-labels-enabled
[query_store_for_labels_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

# Enable the @ modifier in PromQL.
# CLI flag: -querier.at-modifier-enabled
[at_modifier_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

# True to enable queriers to use an optimized implementation which passes down
# to ingesters the label matchers when running the label names API. Can be
# enabled once all ingesters run a version >= the one where this option has been
# introduced.
# CLI flag: -querier.query-label-names-with-matchers-enabled
[query_label_names_with_matchers_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

# The time after which a metric should be queried from storage and not just
# ingesters. 0 means all queries are sent to store. When running the blocks
# storage, if this option is enabled, the time range of the query sent to the
# store will be manipulated to ensure the query end is not more recent than 'now
# - query-store-after'.
# CLI flag: -querier.query-store-after
[query_store_after: <duration> | default = 0s]

# Maximum duration into the future you can query. 0 to disable.
# CLI flag: -querier.max-query-into-future
[max_query_into_future: <duration> | default = 10m]

# The default evaluation interval or step size for subqueries.
# CLI flag: -querier.default-evaluation-interval
[default_evaluation_interval: <duration> | default = 1m]

# Active query tracker monitors active queries, and writes them to the file in
# given directory. If any queries are discovered in this file during startup, it
# will log them to the log file. Setting to empty value disables active query
# tracker, which also disables -querier.max-concurrent option.
# CLI flag: -querier.active-query-tracker-dir
[active_query_tracker_dir: <string> | default = "./active-query-tracker"]

# Time since the last sample after which a time series is considered stale and
# ignored by expression evaluations.
# CLI flag: -querier.lookback-delta
[lookback_delta: <duration> | default = 5m]

# Comma separated list of store-gateway addresses in DNS Service Discovery
# format. This option should be set when using the blocks storage and the
# store-gateway sharding is disabled (when enabled, the store-gateway instances
# form a ring and addresses are picked from the ring).
# CLI flag: -querier.store-gateway-addresses
[store_gateway_addresses: <string> | default = ""]

store_gateway_client:
  # Enable TLS for gRPC client connecting to store-gateway.
  # CLI flag: -querier.store-gateway-client.tls-enabled
  [tls_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

  # Path to the client certificate file, which will be used for authenticating
  # with the server. Also requires the key path to be configured.
  # CLI flag: -querier.store-gateway-client.tls-cert-path
  [tls_cert_path: <string> | default = ""]

  # Path to the key file for the client certificate. Also requires the client
  # certificate to be configured.
  # CLI flag: -querier.store-gateway-client.tls-key-path
  [tls_key_path: <string> | default = ""]

  # Path to the CA certificates file to validate server certificate against. If
  # not set, the host's root CA certificates are used.
  # CLI flag: -querier.store-gateway-client.tls-ca-path
  [tls_ca_path: <string> | default = ""]

  # Override the expected name on the server certificate.
  # CLI flag: -querier.store-gateway-client.tls-server-name
  [tls_server_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # Skip validating server certificate.
  # CLI flag: -querier.store-gateway-client.tls-insecure-skip-verify
  [tls_insecure_skip_verify: <boolean> | default = false]

# Second store engine to use for querying. Empty = disabled.
# CLI flag: -querier.second-store-engine
[second_store_engine: <string> | default = ""]

# If specified, second store is only used for queries before this timestamp.
# Default value 0 means secondary store is always queried.
# CLI flag: -querier.use-second-store-before-time
[use_second_store_before_time: <time> | default = 0]

# When distributor's sharding strategy is shuffle-sharding and this setting is >
# 0, queriers fetch in-memory series from the minimum set of required ingesters,
# selecting only ingesters which may have received series since 'now - lookback
# period'. The lookback period should be greater or equal than the configured
# 'query store after' and 'query ingesters within'. If this setting is 0,
# queriers always query all ingesters (ingesters shuffle sharding on read path
# is disabled).
# CLI flag: -querier.shuffle-sharding-ingesters-lookback-period
[shuffle_sharding_ingesters_lookback_period: <duration> | default = 0s]

query_scheduler_config

The query_scheduler_config configures query scheduler module.

# Maximum number of outstanding requests per tenant per query-scheduler.
# In-flight requests above this limit will fail with HTTP response status code
# 429.
# CLI flag: -query-scheduler.max-outstanding-requests-per-tenant
[max_outstanding_requests_per_tenant: <int> | default = 100]

# If a querier disconnects without sending notification about graceful shutdown,
# the query-scheduler will keep the querier in the tenant's shard until the
# forget delay has passed. This feature is useful to reduce the blast radius
# when shuffle-sharding is enabled.
# CLI flag: -query-scheduler.querier-forget-delay
[querier_forget_delay: <duration> | default = 0s]

# This configures the gRPC client used to report errors back to the
# query-frontend.
grpc_client_config:
  # gRPC client max receive message size (bytes).
  # CLI flag: -query-scheduler.grpc-client-config.grpc-max-recv-msg-size
  [max_recv_msg_size: <int> | default = 104857600]

  # gRPC client max send message size (bytes).
  # CLI flag: -query-scheduler.grpc-client-config.grpc-max-send-msg-size
  [max_send_msg_size: <int> | default = 16777216]

  # Use compression when sending messages. Supported values are: 'gzip',
  # 'snappy' and '' (disable compression)
  # CLI flag: -query-scheduler.grpc-client-config.grpc-compression
  [grpc_compression: <string> | default = ""]

  # Rate limit for gRPC client; 0 means disabled.
  # CLI flag: -query-scheduler.grpc-client-config.grpc-client-rate-limit
  [rate_limit: <float> | default = 0]

  # Rate limit burst for gRPC client.
  # CLI flag: -query-scheduler.grpc-client-config.grpc-client-rate-limit-burst
  [rate_limit_burst: <int> | default = 0]

  # Enable backoff and retry when we hit ratelimits.
  # CLI flag: -query-scheduler.grpc-client-config.backoff-on-ratelimits
  [backoff_on_ratelimits: <boolean> | default = false]

  backoff_config:
    # Minimum delay when backing off.
    # CLI flag: -query-scheduler.grpc-client-config.backoff-min-period
    [min_period: <duration> | default = 100ms]

    # Maximum delay when backing off.
    # CLI flag: -query-scheduler.grpc-client-config.backoff-max-period
    [max_period: <duration> | default = 10s]

    # Number of times to backoff and retry before failing.
    # CLI flag: -query-scheduler.grpc-client-config.backoff-retries
    [max_retries: <int> | default = 10]

  # Enable TLS in the GRPC client. This flag needs to be enabled when any other
  # TLS flag is set. If set to false, insecure connection to gRPC server will be
  # used.
  # CLI flag: -query-scheduler.grpc-client-config.tls-enabled
  [tls_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

  # Path to the client certificate file, which will be used for authenticating
  # with the server. Also requires the key path to be configured.
  # CLI flag: -query-scheduler.grpc-client-config.tls-cert-path
  [tls_cert_path: <string> | default = ""]

  # Path to the key file for the client certificate. Also requires the client
  # certificate to be configured.
  # CLI flag: -query-scheduler.grpc-client-config.tls-key-path
  [tls_key_path: <string> | default = ""]

  # Path to the CA certificates file to validate server certificate against. If
  # not set, the host's root CA certificates are used.
  # CLI flag: -query-scheduler.grpc-client-config.tls-ca-path
  [tls_ca_path: <string> | default = ""]

  # Override the expected name on the server certificate.
  # CLI flag: -query-scheduler.grpc-client-config.tls-server-name
  [tls_server_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # Skip validating server certificate.
  # CLI flag: -query-scheduler.grpc-client-config.tls-insecure-skip-verify
  [tls_insecure_skip_verify: <boolean> | default = false]

query_frontend_config

The query_frontend_config configures the GEM query-frontend.

# Log queries that are slower than the specified duration. Set to 0 to disable.
# Set to < 0 to enable on all queries.
# CLI flag: -frontend.log-queries-longer-than
[log_queries_longer_than: <duration> | default = 0s]

# Max body size for downstream prometheus.
# CLI flag: -frontend.max-body-size
[max_body_size: <int> | default = 10485760]

# False to disable query statistics tracking. When enabled, a message with some
# statistics is logged for every query.
# CLI flag: -frontend.query-stats-enabled
[query_stats_enabled: <boolean> | default = true]

# Maximum number of outstanding requests per tenant per frontend; requests
# beyond this error with HTTP 429.
# CLI flag: -querier.max-outstanding-requests-per-tenant
[max_outstanding_per_tenant: <int> | default = 100]

# If a querier disconnects without sending notification about graceful shutdown,
# the query-frontend will keep the querier in the tenant's shard until the
# forget delay has passed. This feature is useful to reduce the blast radius
# when shuffle-sharding is enabled.
# CLI flag: -query-frontend.querier-forget-delay
[querier_forget_delay: <duration> | default = 0s]

# DNS hostname used for finding query-schedulers.
# CLI flag: -frontend.scheduler-address
[scheduler_address: <string> | default = ""]

# How often to resolve the scheduler-address, in order to look for new
# query-scheduler instances.
# CLI flag: -frontend.scheduler-dns-lookup-period
[scheduler_dns_lookup_period: <duration> | default = 10s]

# Number of concurrent workers forwarding queries to single query-scheduler.
# CLI flag: -frontend.scheduler-worker-concurrency
[scheduler_worker_concurrency: <int> | default = 5]

grpc_client_config:
  # gRPC client max receive message size (bytes).
  # CLI flag: -frontend.grpc-client-config.grpc-max-recv-msg-size
  [max_recv_msg_size: <int> | default = 104857600]

  # gRPC client max send message size (bytes).
  # CLI flag: -frontend.grpc-client-config.grpc-max-send-msg-size
  [max_send_msg_size: <int> | default = 16777216]

  # Use compression when sending messages. Supported values are: 'gzip',
  # 'snappy' and '' (disable compression)
  # CLI flag: -frontend.grpc-client-config.grpc-compression
  [grpc_compression: <string> | default = ""]

  # Rate limit for gRPC client; 0 means disabled.
  # CLI flag: -frontend.grpc-client-config.grpc-client-rate-limit
  [rate_limit: <float> | default = 0]

  # Rate limit burst for gRPC client.
  # CLI flag: -frontend.grpc-client-config.grpc-client-rate-limit-burst
  [rate_limit_burst: <int> | default = 0]

  # Enable backoff and retry when we hit ratelimits.
  # CLI flag: -frontend.grpc-client-config.backoff-on-ratelimits
  [backoff_on_ratelimits: <boolean> | default = false]

  backoff_config:
    # Minimum delay when backing off.
    # CLI flag: -frontend.grpc-client-config.backoff-min-period
    [min_period: <duration> | default = 100ms]

    # Maximum delay when backing off.
    # CLI flag: -frontend.grpc-client-config.backoff-max-period
    [max_period: <duration> | default = 10s]

    # Number of times to backoff and retry before failing.
    # CLI flag: -frontend.grpc-client-config.backoff-retries
    [max_retries: <int> | default = 10]

  # Enable TLS in the GRPC client. This flag needs to be enabled when any other
  # TLS flag is set. If set to false, insecure connection to gRPC server will be
  # used.
  # CLI flag: -frontend.grpc-client-config.tls-enabled
  [tls_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

  # Path to the client certificate file, which will be used for authenticating
  # with the server. Also requires the key path to be configured.
  # CLI flag: -frontend.grpc-client-config.tls-cert-path
  [tls_cert_path: <string> | default = ""]

  # Path to the key file for the client certificate. Also requires the client
  # certificate to be configured.
  # CLI flag: -frontend.grpc-client-config.tls-key-path
  [tls_key_path: <string> | default = ""]

  # Path to the CA certificates file to validate server certificate against. If
  # not set, the host's root CA certificates are used.
  # CLI flag: -frontend.grpc-client-config.tls-ca-path
  [tls_ca_path: <string> | default = ""]

  # Override the expected name on the server certificate.
  # CLI flag: -frontend.grpc-client-config.tls-server-name
  [tls_server_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # Skip validating server certificate.
  # CLI flag: -frontend.grpc-client-config.tls-insecure-skip-verify
  [tls_insecure_skip_verify: <boolean> | default = false]

# Name of network interface to read address from. This address is sent to
# query-scheduler and querier, which uses it to send the query response back to
# query-frontend.
# CLI flag: -frontend.instance-interface-names
[instance_interface_names: <list of string> | default = [eth0 en0]]

# URL of downstream Prometheus.
# CLI flag: -frontend.downstream-url
[downstream_url: <string> | default = ""]

query_range_config

The query_range_config configures the query splitting and caching in the GEM query-frontend.

# Split queries by an interval and execute in parallel, 0 disables it. You
# should use an a multiple of 24 hours (same as the storage bucketing scheme),
# to avoid queriers downloading and processing the same chunks. This also
# determines how cache keys are chosen when result caching is enabled
# CLI flag: -querier.split-queries-by-interval
[split_queries_by_interval: <duration> | default = 0s]

# Mutate incoming queries to align their start and end with their step.
# CLI flag: -querier.align-querier-with-step
[align_queries_with_step: <boolean> | default = false]

results_cache:
  cache:
    # Enable in-memory cache.
    # CLI flag: -frontend.cache.enable-fifocache
    [enable_fifocache: <boolean> | default = false]

    # The default validity of entries for caches unless overridden.
    # CLI flag: -frontend.default-validity
    [default_validity: <duration> | default = 0s]

    background:
      # At what concurrency to write back to cache.
      # CLI flag: -frontend.background.write-back-concurrency
      [writeback_goroutines: <int> | default = 10]

      # How many key batches to buffer for background write-back.
      # CLI flag: -frontend.background.write-back-buffer
      [writeback_buffer: <int> | default = 10000]

    memcached:
      # How long keys stay in the memcache.
      # CLI flag: -frontend.memcached.expiration
      [expiration: <duration> | default = 0s]

      # How many keys to fetch in each batch.
      # CLI flag: -frontend.memcached.batchsize
      [batch_size: <int> | default = 1024]

      # Maximum active requests to memcache.
      # CLI flag: -frontend.memcached.parallelism
      [parallelism: <int> | default = 100]

    memcached_client:
      # Hostname for memcached service to use. If empty and if addresses is
      # unset, no memcached will be used.
      # CLI flag: -frontend.memcached.hostname
      [host: <string> | default = ""]

      # SRV service used to discover memcache servers.
      # CLI flag: -frontend.memcached.service
      [service: <string> | default = "memcached"]

      # EXPERIMENTAL: Comma separated addresses list in DNS Service Discovery
      # format:
      # https://cortexmetrics.io/docs/configuration/arguments/#dns-service-discovery
      # CLI flag: -frontend.memcached.addresses
      [addresses: <string> | default = ""]

      # Maximum time to wait before giving up on memcached requests.
      # CLI flag: -frontend.memcached.timeout
      [timeout: <duration> | default = 100ms]

      # Maximum number of idle connections in pool.
      # CLI flag: -frontend.memcached.max-idle-conns
      [max_idle_conns: <int> | default = 16]

      # The maximum size of an item stored in memcached. Bigger items are not
      # stored. If set to 0, no maximum size is enforced.
      # CLI flag: -frontend.memcached.max-item-size
      [max_item_size: <int> | default = 0]

      # Period with which to poll DNS for memcache servers.
      # CLI flag: -frontend.memcached.update-interval
      [update_interval: <duration> | default = 1m]

      # Use consistent hashing to distribute to memcache servers.
      # CLI flag: -frontend.memcached.consistent-hash
      [consistent_hash: <boolean> | default = true]

      # Trip circuit-breaker after this number of consecutive dial failures (if
      # zero then circuit-breaker is disabled).
      # CLI flag: -frontend.memcached.circuit-breaker-consecutive-failures
      [circuit_breaker_consecutive_failures: <int> | default = 10]

      # Duration circuit-breaker remains open after tripping (if zero then 60
      # seconds is used).
      # CLI flag: -frontend.memcached.circuit-breaker-timeout
      [circuit_breaker_timeout: <duration> | default = 10s]

      # Reset circuit-breaker counts after this long (if zero then never reset).
      # CLI flag: -frontend.memcached.circuit-breaker-interval
      [circuit_breaker_interval: <duration> | default = 10s]

    redis:
      # Redis Server endpoint to use for caching. A comma-separated list of
      # endpoints for Redis Cluster or Redis Sentinel. If empty, no redis will
      # be used.
      # CLI flag: -frontend.redis.endpoint
      [endpoint: <string> | default = ""]

      # Redis Sentinel master name. An empty string for Redis Server or Redis
      # Cluster.
      # CLI flag: -frontend.redis.master-name
      [master_name: <string> | default = ""]

      # Maximum time to wait before giving up on redis requests.
      # CLI flag: -frontend.redis.timeout
      [timeout: <duration> | default = 500ms]

      # How long keys stay in the redis.
      # CLI flag: -frontend.redis.expiration
      [expiration: <duration> | default = 0s]

      # Database index.
      # CLI flag: -frontend.redis.db
      [db: <int> | default = 0]

      # Maximum number of connections in the pool.
      # CLI flag: -frontend.redis.pool-size
      [pool_size: <int> | default = 0]

      # Password to use when connecting to redis.
      # CLI flag: -frontend.redis.password
      [password: <string> | default = ""]

      # Enable connecting to redis with TLS.
      # CLI flag: -frontend.redis.tls-enabled
      [tls_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

      # Skip validating server certificate.
      # CLI flag: -frontend.redis.tls-insecure-skip-verify
      [tls_insecure_skip_verify: <boolean> | default = false]

      # Close connections after remaining idle for this duration. If the value
      # is zero, then idle connections are not closed.
      # CLI flag: -frontend.redis.idle-timeout
      [idle_timeout: <duration> | default = 0s]

      # Close connections older than this duration. If the value is zero, then
      # the pool does not close connections based on age.
      # CLI flag: -frontend.redis.max-connection-age
      [max_connection_age: <duration> | default = 0s]

    fifocache:
      # Maximum memory size of the cache in bytes. A unit suffix (KB, MB, GB)
      # may be applied.
      # CLI flag: -frontend.fifocache.max-size-bytes
      [max_size_bytes: <string> | default = ""]

      # Maximum number of entries in the cache.
      # CLI flag: -frontend.fifocache.max-size-items
      [max_size_items: <int> | default = 0]

      # The expiry duration for the cache.
      # CLI flag: -frontend.fifocache.duration
      [validity: <duration> | default = 0s]

      # Deprecated (use max-size-items or max-size-bytes instead): The number of
      # entries to cache.
      # CLI flag: -frontend.fifocache.size
      [size: <int> | default = 0]

  # Use compression in results cache. Supported values are: 'snappy' and ''
  # (disable compression).
  # CLI flag: -frontend.compression
  [compression: <string> | default = ""]

# Cache query results.
# CLI flag: -querier.cache-results
[cache_results: <boolean> | default = false]

# Maximum number of retries for a single request; beyond this, the downstream
# error is returned.
# CLI flag: -querier.max-retries-per-request
[max_retries: <int> | default = 5]

# Perform query parallelisations based on storage sharding configuration and
# query ASTs. This feature is supported only by the blocks storage engine.
# CLI flag: -querier.parallelise-shardable-queries
[parallelise_shardable_queries: <boolean> | default = false]

# The amount of shards to use when doing parallelisation via query sharding by
# default.
# CLI flag: -querier.total-shards
[total_shards: <int> | default = 16]

ruler_config

The ruler_config configures the GEM ruler.

# URL of alerts return path.
# CLI flag: -ruler.external.url
[external_url: <url> | default = ]

ruler_client:
  # gRPC client max receive message size (bytes).
  # CLI flag: -ruler.client.grpc-max-recv-msg-size
  [max_recv_msg_size: <int> | default = 104857600]

  # gRPC client max send message size (bytes).
  # CLI flag: -ruler.client.grpc-max-send-msg-size
  [max_send_msg_size: <int> | default = 16777216]

  # Use compression when sending messages. Supported values are: 'gzip',
  # 'snappy' and '' (disable compression)
  # CLI flag: -ruler.client.grpc-compression
  [grpc_compression: <string> | default = ""]

  # Rate limit for gRPC client; 0 means disabled.
  # CLI flag: -ruler.client.grpc-client-rate-limit
  [rate_limit: <float> | default = 0]

  # Rate limit burst for gRPC client.
  # CLI flag: -ruler.client.grpc-client-rate-limit-burst
  [rate_limit_burst: <int> | default = 0]

  # Enable backoff and retry when we hit ratelimits.
  # CLI flag: -ruler.client.backoff-on-ratelimits
  [backoff_on_ratelimits: <boolean> | default = false]

  backoff_config:
    # Minimum delay when backing off.
    # CLI flag: -ruler.client.backoff-min-period
    [min_period: <duration> | default = 100ms]

    # Maximum delay when backing off.
    # CLI flag: -ruler.client.backoff-max-period
    [max_period: <duration> | default = 10s]

    # Number of times to backoff and retry before failing.
    # CLI flag: -ruler.client.backoff-retries
    [max_retries: <int> | default = 10]

  # Enable TLS in the GRPC client. This flag needs to be enabled when any other
  # TLS flag is set. If set to false, insecure connection to gRPC server will be
  # used.
  # CLI flag: -ruler.client.tls-enabled
  [tls_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

  # Path to the client certificate file, which will be used for authenticating
  # with the server. Also requires the key path to be configured.
  # CLI flag: -ruler.client.tls-cert-path
  [tls_cert_path: <string> | default = ""]

  # Path to the key file for the client certificate. Also requires the client
  # certificate to be configured.
  # CLI flag: -ruler.client.tls-key-path
  [tls_key_path: <string> | default = ""]

  # Path to the CA certificates file to validate server certificate against. If
  # not set, the host's root CA certificates are used.
  # CLI flag: -ruler.client.tls-ca-path
  [tls_ca_path: <string> | default = ""]

  # Override the expected name on the server certificate.
  # CLI flag: -ruler.client.tls-server-name
  [tls_server_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # Skip validating server certificate.
  # CLI flag: -ruler.client.tls-insecure-skip-verify
  [tls_insecure_skip_verify: <boolean> | default = false]

# How frequently to evaluate rules
# CLI flag: -ruler.evaluation-interval
[evaluation_interval: <duration> | default = 1m]

# How frequently to poll for rule changes
# CLI flag: -ruler.poll-interval
[poll_interval: <duration> | default = 1m]

# Deprecated. Use -ruler-storage.* CLI flags and their respective YAML config
# options instead.
storage:
  # Method to use for backend rule storage (azure, gcs, s3, swift, local)
  # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.type
  [type: <string> | default = "local"]

  azure:
    # Azure Cloud environment. Supported values are: AzureGlobal,
    # AzureChinaCloud, AzureGermanCloud, AzureUSGovernment.
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.azure.environment
    [environment: <string> | default = "AzureGlobal"]

    # Name of the blob container used to store chunks. This container must be
    # created prior to execution.
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.azure.container-name
    [container_name: <string> | default = "cortex"]

    # The Microsoft Azure account name to be used
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.azure.account-name
    [account_name: <string> | default = ""]

    # The Microsoft Azure account key to use.
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.azure.account-key
    [account_key: <string> | default = ""]

    # Preallocated buffer size for downloads.
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.azure.download-buffer-size
    [download_buffer_size: <int> | default = 512000]

    # Preallocated buffer size for uploads.
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.azure.upload-buffer-size
    [upload_buffer_size: <int> | default = 256000]

    # Number of buffers used to used to upload a chunk.
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.azure.download-buffer-count
    [upload_buffer_count: <int> | default = 1]

    # Timeout for requests made against azure blob storage.
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.azure.request-timeout
    [request_timeout: <duration> | default = 30s]

    # Number of retries for a request which times out.
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.azure.max-retries
    [max_retries: <int> | default = 5]

    # Minimum time to wait before retrying a request.
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.azure.min-retry-delay
    [min_retry_delay: <duration> | default = 10ms]

    # Maximum time to wait before retrying a request.
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.azure.max-retry-delay
    [max_retry_delay: <duration> | default = 500ms]

  gcs:
    # Name of GCS bucket. Please refer to
    # https://cloud.google.com/docs/authentication/production for more
    # information about how to configure authentication.
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.gcs.bucketname
    [bucket_name: <string> | default = ""]

    # The size of the buffer that GCS client for each PUT request. 0 to disable
    # buffering.
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.gcs.chunk-buffer-size
    [chunk_buffer_size: <int> | default = 0]

    # The duration after which the requests to GCS should be timed out.
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.gcs.request-timeout
    [request_timeout: <duration> | default = 0s]

    # Enabled OpenCensus (OC) instrumentation for all requests.
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.gcs.enable-opencensus
    [enable_opencensus: <boolean> | default = true]

  s3:
    # S3 endpoint URL with escaped Key and Secret encoded. If only region is
    # specified as a host, proper endpoint will be deduced. Use
    # inmemory:///<bucket-name> to use a mock in-memory implementation.
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.s3.url
    [s3: <url> | default = ]

    # Set this to `true` to force the request to use path-style addressing.
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.s3.force-path-style
    [s3forcepathstyle: <boolean> | default = false]

    # Comma separated list of bucket names to evenly distribute chunks over.
    # Overrides any buckets specified in s3.url flag
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.s3.buckets
    [bucketnames: <string> | default = ""]

    # S3 Endpoint to connect to.
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.s3.endpoint
    [endpoint: <string> | default = ""]

    # AWS region to use.
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.s3.region
    [region: <string> | default = ""]

    # AWS Access Key ID
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.s3.access-key-id
    [access_key_id: <string> | default = ""]

    # AWS Secret Access Key
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.s3.secret-access-key
    [secret_access_key: <string> | default = ""]

    # Disable https on s3 connection.
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.s3.insecure
    [insecure: <boolean> | default = false]

    # Enable AWS Server Side Encryption [Deprecated: Use .sse instead. if
    # s3.sse-encryption is enabled, it assumes .sse.type SSE-S3]
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.s3.sse-encryption
    [sse_encryption: <boolean> | default = false]

    http_config:
      # The maximum amount of time an idle connection will be held open.
      # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.s3.http.idle-conn-timeout
      [idle_conn_timeout: <duration> | default = 1m30s]

      # If non-zero, specifies the amount of time to wait for a server's
      # response headers after fully writing the request.
      # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.s3.http.response-header-timeout
      [response_header_timeout: <duration> | default = 0s]

      # Set to false to skip verifying the certificate chain and hostname.
      # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.s3.http.insecure-skip-verify
      [insecure_skip_verify: <boolean> | default = false]

    # The signature version to use for authenticating against S3. Supported
    # values are: v4, v2.
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.s3.signature-version
    [signature_version: <string> | default = "v4"]

    # The s3_sse_config configures the S3 server-side encryption.
    # The CLI flags prefix for this block config is: ruler.storage
    [sse: <s3_sse_config>]

    # Path to header map file containing name/value combos.
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.s3.header-map.file-path
    [header_map_file_path: <string> | default = ""]

    # Interval at which to repoll the headers file, if set <= 0 polling is
    # disabled.
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.s3.header-map.poll-interval
    [header_map_poll_interval: <duration> | default = 1m]

  swift:
    # OpenStack Swift authentication API version. 0 to autodetect.
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.swift.auth-version
    [auth_version: <int> | default = 0]

    # OpenStack Swift authentication URL
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.swift.auth-url
    [auth_url: <string> | default = ""]

    # OpenStack Swift username.
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.swift.username
    [username: <string> | default = ""]

    # OpenStack Swift user's domain name.
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.swift.user-domain-name
    [user_domain_name: <string> | default = ""]

    # OpenStack Swift user's domain ID.
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.swift.user-domain-id
    [user_domain_id: <string> | default = ""]

    # OpenStack Swift user ID.
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.swift.user-id
    [user_id: <string> | default = ""]

    # OpenStack Swift API key.
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.swift.password
    [password: <string> | default = ""]

    # OpenStack Swift user's domain ID.
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.swift.domain-id
    [domain_id: <string> | default = ""]

    # OpenStack Swift user's domain name.
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.swift.domain-name
    [domain_name: <string> | default = ""]

    # OpenStack Swift project ID (v2,v3 auth only).
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.swift.project-id
    [project_id: <string> | default = ""]

    # OpenStack Swift project name (v2,v3 auth only).
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.swift.project-name
    [project_name: <string> | default = ""]

    # ID of the OpenStack Swift project's domain (v3 auth only), only needed if
    # it differs the from user domain.
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.swift.project-domain-id
    [project_domain_id: <string> | default = ""]

    # Name of the OpenStack Swift project's domain (v3 auth only), only needed
    # if it differs from the user domain.
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.swift.project-domain-name
    [project_domain_name: <string> | default = ""]

    # OpenStack Swift Region to use (v2,v3 auth only).
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.swift.region-name
    [region_name: <string> | default = ""]

    # Name of the OpenStack Swift container to put chunks in.
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.swift.container-name
    [container_name: <string> | default = ""]

    # Max retries on requests error.
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.swift.max-retries
    [max_retries: <int> | default = 3]

    # Time after which a connection attempt is aborted.
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.swift.connect-timeout
    [connect_timeout: <duration> | default = 10s]

    # Time after which an idle request is aborted. The timeout watchdog is reset
    # each time some data is received, so the timeout triggers after X time no
    # data is received on a request.
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.swift.request-timeout
    [request_timeout: <duration> | default = 5s]

  local:
    # Directory to scan for rules
    # CLI flag: -ruler.storage.local.directory
    [directory: <string> | default = ""]

# file path to store temporary rule files for the prometheus rule managers
# CLI flag: -ruler.rule-path
[rule_path: <string> | default = "/rules"]

# Comma-separated list of URL(s) of the Alertmanager(s) to send notifications
# to. Each Alertmanager URL is treated as a separate group in the configuration.
# Multiple Alertmanagers in HA per group can be supported by using DNS
# resolution via -ruler.alertmanager-discovery.
# CLI flag: -ruler.alertmanager-url
[alertmanager_url: <string> | default = ""]

# Use DNS SRV records to discover Alertmanager hosts.
# CLI flag: -ruler.alertmanager-discovery
[enable_alertmanager_discovery: <boolean> | default = false]

# How long to wait between refreshing DNS resolutions of Alertmanager hosts.
# CLI flag: -ruler.alertmanager-refresh-interval
[alertmanager_refresh_interval: <duration> | default = 1m]

# If enabled requests to Alertmanager will utilize the V2 API.
# CLI flag: -ruler.alertmanager-use-v2
[enable_alertmanager_v2: <boolean> | default = false]

# Capacity of the queue for notifications to be sent to the Alertmanager.
# CLI flag: -ruler.notification-queue-capacity
[notification_queue_capacity: <int> | default = 10000]

# HTTP timeout duration when sending notifications to the Alertmanager.
# CLI flag: -ruler.notification-timeout
[notification_timeout: <duration> | default = 10s]

alertmanager_client:
  # Path to the client certificate file, which will be used for authenticating
  # with the server. Also requires the key path to be configured.
  # CLI flag: -ruler.alertmanager-client.tls-cert-path
  [tls_cert_path: <string> | default = ""]

  # Path to the key file for the client certificate. Also requires the client
  # certificate to be configured.
  # CLI flag: -ruler.alertmanager-client.tls-key-path
  [tls_key_path: <string> | default = ""]

  # Path to the CA certificates file to validate server certificate against. If
  # not set, the host's root CA certificates are used.
  # CLI flag: -ruler.alertmanager-client.tls-ca-path
  [tls_ca_path: <string> | default = ""]

  # Override the expected name on the server certificate.
  # CLI flag: -ruler.alertmanager-client.tls-server-name
  [tls_server_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # Skip validating server certificate.
  # CLI flag: -ruler.alertmanager-client.tls-insecure-skip-verify
  [tls_insecure_skip_verify: <boolean> | default = false]

  # HTTP Basic authentication username. It overrides the username set in the URL
  # (if any).
  # CLI flag: -ruler.alertmanager-client.basic-auth-username
  [basic_auth_username: <string> | default = ""]

  # HTTP Basic authentication password. It overrides the password set in the URL
  # (if any).
  # CLI flag: -ruler.alertmanager-client.basic-auth-password
  [basic_auth_password: <string> | default = ""]

# Max time to tolerate outage for restoring "for" state of alert.
# CLI flag: -ruler.for-outage-tolerance
[for_outage_tolerance: <duration> | default = 1h]

# Minimum duration between alert and restored "for" state. This is maintained
# only for alerts with configured "for" time greater than grace period.
# CLI flag: -ruler.for-grace-period
[for_grace_period: <duration> | default = 10m]

# Minimum amount of time to wait before resending an alert to Alertmanager.
# CLI flag: -ruler.resend-delay
[resend_delay: <duration> | default = 1m]

# Distribute rule evaluation using ring backend
# CLI flag: -ruler.enable-sharding
[enable_sharding: <boolean> | default = false]

# The sharding strategy to use. Supported values are: default, shuffle-sharding.
# CLI flag: -ruler.sharding-strategy
[sharding_strategy: <string> | default = "default"]

# Time to spend searching for a pending ruler when shutting down.
# CLI flag: -ruler.search-pending-for
[search_pending_for: <duration> | default = 5m]

ring:
  kvstore:
    # Backend storage to use for the ring. Supported values are: consul, etcd,
    # inmemory, memberlist, multi.
    # CLI flag: -ruler.ring.store
    [store: <string> | default = "consul"]

    # The prefix for the keys in the store. Should end with a /.
    # CLI flag: -ruler.ring.prefix
    [prefix: <string> | default = "rulers/"]

    # The consul_config configures the consul client.
    # The CLI flags prefix for this block config is: ruler.ring
    [consul: <consul_config>]

    # The etcd_config configures the etcd client.
    # The CLI flags prefix for this block config is: ruler.ring
    [etcd: <etcd_config>]

    multi:
      # Primary backend storage used by multi-client.
      # CLI flag: -ruler.ring.multi.primary
      [primary: <string> | default = ""]

      # Secondary backend storage used by multi-client.
      # CLI flag: -ruler.ring.multi.secondary
      [secondary: <string> | default = ""]

      # Mirror writes to secondary store.
      # CLI flag: -ruler.ring.multi.mirror-enabled
      [mirror_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

      # Timeout for storing value to secondary store.
      # CLI flag: -ruler.ring.multi.mirror-timeout
      [mirror_timeout: <duration> | default = 2s]

  # Period at which to heartbeat to the ring. 0 = disabled.
  # CLI flag: -ruler.ring.heartbeat-period
  [heartbeat_period: <duration> | default = 5s]

  # The heartbeat timeout after which rulers are considered unhealthy within the
  # ring. 0 = never (timeout disabled).
  # CLI flag: -ruler.ring.heartbeat-timeout
  [heartbeat_timeout: <duration> | default = 1m]

  # Name of network interface to read address from.
  # CLI flag: -ruler.ring.instance-interface-names
  [instance_interface_names: <list of string> | default = [eth0 en0]]

  # Number of tokens for each ruler.
  # CLI flag: -ruler.ring.num-tokens
  [num_tokens: <int> | default = 128]

# Period with which to attempt to flush rule groups.
# CLI flag: -ruler.flush-period
[flush_period: <duration> | default = 1m]

# Enable the ruler api
# CLI flag: -experimental.ruler.enable-api
[enable_api: <boolean> | default = false]

# Comma separated list of tenants whose rules this ruler can evaluate. If
# specified, only these tenants will be handled by ruler, otherwise this ruler
# can process rules from all tenants. Subject to sharding.
# CLI flag: -ruler.enabled-tenants
[enabled_tenants: <string> | default = ""]

# Comma separated list of tenants whose rules this ruler cannot evaluate. If
# specified, a ruler that would normally pick the specified tenant(s) for
# processing will ignore them instead. Subject to sharding.
# CLI flag: -ruler.disabled-tenants
[disabled_tenants: <string> | default = ""]

# Report the wall time for ruler queries to complete as a per user metric and as
# an info level log message.
# CLI flag: -ruler.query-stats-enabled
[query_stats_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

remote_write:
  # Directory to store WAL (for Ruler Remote Write).
  # CLI flag: -ruler.remote-write.wal-dir
  [wal_dir: <string> | default = "wal"]

  # Enable remote write rules for the Ruler.
  # CLI flag: -ruler.remote-write.enabled
  [enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

  # Frequency for truncating WAL
  # CLI flag: -ruler.remote-write.wal-truncate-frequency
  [wal_truncate_frequency: <duration> | default = 1h]

  # Minimum time to stay in WAL
  # CLI flag: -ruler.remote-write.min-wal-time
  [min_wal_time: <duration> | default = 5m]

  # Maximum time to stay in WAL
  # CLI flag: -ruler.remote-write.max-wal-time
  [max_wal_time: <duration> | default = 4h]

ruler_storage_config

The ruler_storage_config configures the GEM ruler storage backend.

# Backend storage to use. Supported backends are: s3, gcs, azure, swift,
# filesystem, local.
# CLI flag: -ruler-storage.backend
[backend: <string> | default = "s3"]

s3:
  # The S3 bucket endpoint. It could be an AWS S3 endpoint listed at
  # https://docs.aws.amazon.com/general/latest/gr/s3.html or the address of an
  # S3-compatible service in hostname:port format.
  # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.s3.endpoint
  [endpoint: <string> | default = ""]

  # S3 region. If unset, the client will issue a S3 GetBucketLocation API call
  # to autodetect it.
  # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.s3.region
  [region: <string> | default = ""]

  # S3 bucket name
  # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.s3.bucket-name
  [bucket_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # S3 secret access key
  # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.s3.secret-access-key
  [secret_access_key: <string> | default = ""]

  # S3 access key ID
  # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.s3.access-key-id
  [access_key_id: <string> | default = ""]

  # If enabled, use http:// for the S3 endpoint instead of https://. This could
  # be useful in local dev/test environments while using an S3-compatible
  # backend storage, like Minio.
  # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.s3.insecure
  [insecure: <boolean> | default = false]

  # The signature version to use for authenticating against S3. Supported values
  # are: v4, v2.
  # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.s3.signature-version
  [signature_version: <string> | default = "v4"]

  # The s3_sse_config configures the S3 server-side encryption.
  # The CLI flags prefix for this block config is: ruler-storage
  [sse: <s3_sse_config>]

  http:
    # The time an idle connection will remain idle before closing.
    # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.s3.http.idle-conn-timeout
    [idle_conn_timeout: <duration> | default = 1m30s]

    # The amount of time the client will wait for a servers response headers.
    # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.s3.http.response-header-timeout
    [response_header_timeout: <duration> | default = 2m]

    # If the client connects to S3 via HTTPS and this option is enabled, the
    # client will accept any certificate and hostname.
    # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.s3.http.insecure-skip-verify
    [insecure_skip_verify: <boolean> | default = false]

    # Maximum time to wait for a TLS handshake. 0 means no limit.
    # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.s3.tls-handshake-timeout
    [tls_handshake_timeout: <duration> | default = 10s]

    # The time to wait for a server's first response headers after fully writing
    # the request headers if the request has an Expect header. 0 to send the
    # request body immediately.
    # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.s3.expect-continue-timeout
    [expect_continue_timeout: <duration> | default = 1s]

    # Maximum number of idle (keep-alive) connections across all hosts. 0 means
    # no limit.
    # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.s3.max-idle-connections
    [max_idle_connections: <int> | default = 100]

    # Maximum number of idle (keep-alive) connections to keep per-host. If 0, a
    # built-in default value is used.
    # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.s3.max-idle-connections-per-host
    [max_idle_connections_per_host: <int> | default = 100]

    # Maximum number of connections per host. 0 means no limit.
    # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.s3.max-connections-per-host
    [max_connections_per_host: <int> | default = 0]

  # Path to header map file containing name/value combos.
  # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.s3.header-map.file-path
  [header_map_file_path: <string> | default = ""]

  # Interval at which to repoll the headers file, if set <= 0 polling is
  # disabled.
  # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.s3.header-map.poll-interval
  [header_map_poll_interval: <duration> | default = 1m]

gcs:
  # GCS bucket name
  # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.gcs.bucket-name
  [bucket_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # JSON representing either a Google Developers Console client_credentials.json
  # file or a Google Developers service account key file. If empty, fallback to
  # Google default logic.
  # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.gcs.service-account
  [service_account: <string> | default = ""]

azure:
  # Azure storage account name
  # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.azure.account-name
  [account_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # Azure storage account key
  # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.azure.account-key
  [account_key: <string> | default = ""]

  # Azure storage container name
  # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.azure.container-name
  [container_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # Azure storage endpoint suffix without schema. The account name will be
  # prefixed to this value to create the FQDN
  # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.azure.endpoint-suffix
  [endpoint_suffix: <string> | default = ""]

  # Number of retries for recoverable errors
  # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.azure.max-retries
  [max_retries: <int> | default = 20]

swift:
  # OpenStack Swift authentication API version. 0 to autodetect.
  # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.swift.auth-version
  [auth_version: <int> | default = 0]

  # OpenStack Swift authentication URL
  # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.swift.auth-url
  [auth_url: <string> | default = ""]

  # OpenStack Swift username.
  # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.swift.username
  [username: <string> | default = ""]

  # OpenStack Swift user's domain name.
  # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.swift.user-domain-name
  [user_domain_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # OpenStack Swift user's domain ID.
  # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.swift.user-domain-id
  [user_domain_id: <string> | default = ""]

  # OpenStack Swift user ID.
  # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.swift.user-id
  [user_id: <string> | default = ""]

  # OpenStack Swift API key.
  # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.swift.password
  [password: <string> | default = ""]

  # OpenStack Swift user's domain ID.
  # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.swift.domain-id
  [domain_id: <string> | default = ""]

  # OpenStack Swift user's domain name.
  # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.swift.domain-name
  [domain_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # OpenStack Swift project ID (v2,v3 auth only).
  # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.swift.project-id
  [project_id: <string> | default = ""]

  # OpenStack Swift project name (v2,v3 auth only).
  # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.swift.project-name
  [project_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # ID of the OpenStack Swift project's domain (v3 auth only), only needed if it
  # differs the from user domain.
  # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.swift.project-domain-id
  [project_domain_id: <string> | default = ""]

  # Name of the OpenStack Swift project's domain (v3 auth only), only needed if
  # it differs from the user domain.
  # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.swift.project-domain-name
  [project_domain_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # OpenStack Swift Region to use (v2,v3 auth only).
  # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.swift.region-name
  [region_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # Name of the OpenStack Swift container to put chunks in.
  # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.swift.container-name
  [container_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # Max retries on requests error.
  # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.swift.max-retries
  [max_retries: <int> | default = 3]

  # Time after which a connection attempt is aborted.
  # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.swift.connect-timeout
  [connect_timeout: <duration> | default = 10s]

  # Time after which an idle request is aborted. The timeout watchdog is reset
  # each time some data is received, so the timeout triggers after X time no
  # data is received on a request.
  # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.swift.request-timeout
  [request_timeout: <duration> | default = 5s]

filesystem:
  # Local filesystem storage directory.
  # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.filesystem.dir
  [dir: <string> | default = ""]

local:
  # Directory to scan for rules
  # CLI flag: -ruler-storage.local.directory
  [directory: <string> | default = ""]

alertmanager_config

The alertmanager_config configures the GEM alertmanager.

# Base path for data storage.
# CLI flag: -alertmanager.storage.path
[data_dir: <string> | default = "data/"]

# How long to keep data for.
# CLI flag: -alertmanager.storage.retention
[retention: <duration> | default = 120h]

# The URL under which Alertmanager is externally reachable (for example, if
# Alertmanager is served via a reverse proxy). Used for generating relative and
# absolute links back to Alertmanager itself. If the URL has a path portion, it
# will be used to prefix all HTTP endpoints served by Alertmanager. If omitted,
# relevant URL components will be derived automatically.
# CLI flag: -alertmanager.web.external-url
[external_url: <url> | default = ]

# How frequently to poll Alertmanager configs.
# CLI flag: -alertmanager.configs.poll-interval
[poll_interval: <duration> | default = 15s]

# Maximum size (bytes) of an accepted HTTP request body.
# CLI flag: -alertmanager.max-recv-msg-size
[max_recv_msg_size: <int> | default = 16777216]

# Shard tenants across multiple alertmanager instances.
# CLI flag: -alertmanager.sharding-enabled
[sharding_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

sharding_ring:
  # The key-value store used to share the hash ring across multiple instances.
  kvstore:
    # Backend storage to use for the ring. Supported values are: consul, etcd,
    # inmemory, memberlist, multi.
    # CLI flag: -alertmanager.sharding-ring.store
    [store: <string> | default = "consul"]

    # The prefix for the keys in the store. Should end with a /.
    # CLI flag: -alertmanager.sharding-ring.prefix
    [prefix: <string> | default = "alertmanagers/"]

    # The consul_config configures the consul client.
    # The CLI flags prefix for this block config is: alertmanager.sharding-ring
    [consul: <consul_config>]

    # The etcd_config configures the etcd client.
    # The CLI flags prefix for this block config is: alertmanager.sharding-ring
    [etcd: <etcd_config>]

    multi:
      # Primary backend storage used by multi-client.
      # CLI flag: -alertmanager.sharding-ring.multi.primary
      [primary: <string> | default = ""]

      # Secondary backend storage used by multi-client.
      # CLI flag: -alertmanager.sharding-ring.multi.secondary
      [secondary: <string> | default = ""]

      # Mirror writes to secondary store.
      # CLI flag: -alertmanager.sharding-ring.multi.mirror-enabled
      [mirror_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

      # Timeout for storing value to secondary store.
      # CLI flag: -alertmanager.sharding-ring.multi.mirror-timeout
      [mirror_timeout: <duration> | default = 2s]

  # Period at which to heartbeat to the ring. 0 = disabled.
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager.sharding-ring.heartbeat-period
  [heartbeat_period: <duration> | default = 15s]

  # The heartbeat timeout after which alertmanagers are considered unhealthy
  # within the ring. 0 = never (timeout disabled).
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager.sharding-ring.heartbeat-timeout
  [heartbeat_timeout: <duration> | default = 1m]

  # The replication factor to use when sharding the alertmanager.
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager.sharding-ring.replication-factor
  [replication_factor: <int> | default = 3]

  # True to enable zone-awareness and replicate alerts across different
  # availability zones.
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager.sharding-ring.zone-awareness-enabled
  [zone_awareness_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

  # Name of network interface to read address from.
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager.sharding-ring.instance-interface-names
  [instance_interface_names: <list of string> | default = [eth0 en0]]

  # The availability zone where this instance is running. Required if
  # zone-awareness is enabled.
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager.sharding-ring.instance-availability-zone
  [instance_availability_zone: <string> | default = ""]

# Filename of fallback config to use if none specified for instance.
# CLI flag: -alertmanager.configs.fallback
[fallback_config_file: <string> | default = ""]

# Root of URL to generate if config is http://internal.monitor
# CLI flag: -alertmanager.configs.auto-webhook-root
[auto_webhook_root: <string> | default = ""]

# Deprecated. Use -alertmanager-storage.* CLI flags and their respective YAML
# config options instead.
storage:
  # Type of backend to use to store alertmanager configs. Supported values are:
  # "gcs", "s3", "local".
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager.storage.type
  [type: <string> | default = "local"]

  azure:
    # Azure Cloud environment. Supported values are: AzureGlobal,
    # AzureChinaCloud, AzureGermanCloud, AzureUSGovernment.
    # CLI flag: -alertmanager.storage.azure.environment
    [environment: <string> | default = "AzureGlobal"]

    # Name of the blob container used to store chunks. This container must be
    # created prior to execution.
    # CLI flag: -alertmanager.storage.azure.container-name
    [container_name: <string> | default = "cortex"]

    # The Microsoft Azure account name to be used
    # CLI flag: -alertmanager.storage.azure.account-name
    [account_name: <string> | default = ""]

    # The Microsoft Azure account key to use.
    # CLI flag: -alertmanager.storage.azure.account-key
    [account_key: <string> | default = ""]

    # Preallocated buffer size for downloads.
    # CLI flag: -alertmanager.storage.azure.download-buffer-size
    [download_buffer_size: <int> | default = 512000]

    # Preallocated buffer size for uploads.
    # CLI flag: -alertmanager.storage.azure.upload-buffer-size
    [upload_buffer_size: <int> | default = 256000]

    # Number of buffers used to used to upload a chunk.
    # CLI flag: -alertmanager.storage.azure.download-buffer-count
    [upload_buffer_count: <int> | default = 1]

    # Timeout for requests made against azure blob storage.
    # CLI flag: -alertmanager.storage.azure.request-timeout
    [request_timeout: <duration> | default = 30s]

    # Number of retries for a request which times out.
    # CLI flag: -alertmanager.storage.azure.max-retries
    [max_retries: <int> | default = 5]

    # Minimum time to wait before retrying a request.
    # CLI flag: -alertmanager.storage.azure.min-retry-delay
    [min_retry_delay: <duration> | default = 10ms]

    # Maximum time to wait before retrying a request.
    # CLI flag: -alertmanager.storage.azure.max-retry-delay
    [max_retry_delay: <duration> | default = 500ms]

  gcs:
    # Name of GCS bucket. Please refer to
    # https://cloud.google.com/docs/authentication/production for more
    # information about how to configure authentication.
    # CLI flag: -alertmanager.storage.gcs.bucketname
    [bucket_name: <string> | default = ""]

    # The size of the buffer that GCS client for each PUT request. 0 to disable
    # buffering.
    # CLI flag: -alertmanager.storage.gcs.chunk-buffer-size
    [chunk_buffer_size: <int> | default = 0]

    # The duration after which the requests to GCS should be timed out.
    # CLI flag: -alertmanager.storage.gcs.request-timeout
    [request_timeout: <duration> | default = 0s]

    # Enabled OpenCensus (OC) instrumentation for all requests.
    # CLI flag: -alertmanager.storage.gcs.enable-opencensus
    [enable_opencensus: <boolean> | default = true]

  s3:
    # S3 endpoint URL with escaped Key and Secret encoded. If only region is
    # specified as a host, proper endpoint will be deduced. Use
    # inmemory:///<bucket-name> to use a mock in-memory implementation.
    # CLI flag: -alertmanager.storage.s3.url
    [s3: <url> | default = ]

    # Set this to `true` to force the request to use path-style addressing.
    # CLI flag: -alertmanager.storage.s3.force-path-style
    [s3forcepathstyle: <boolean> | default = false]

    # Comma separated list of bucket names to evenly distribute chunks over.
    # Overrides any buckets specified in s3.url flag
    # CLI flag: -alertmanager.storage.s3.buckets
    [bucketnames: <string> | default = ""]

    # S3 Endpoint to connect to.
    # CLI flag: -alertmanager.storage.s3.endpoint
    [endpoint: <string> | default = ""]

    # AWS region to use.
    # CLI flag: -alertmanager.storage.s3.region
    [region: <string> | default = ""]

    # AWS Access Key ID
    # CLI flag: -alertmanager.storage.s3.access-key-id
    [access_key_id: <string> | default = ""]

    # AWS Secret Access Key
    # CLI flag: -alertmanager.storage.s3.secret-access-key
    [secret_access_key: <string> | default = ""]

    # Disable https on s3 connection.
    # CLI flag: -alertmanager.storage.s3.insecure
    [insecure: <boolean> | default = false]

    # Enable AWS Server Side Encryption [Deprecated: Use .sse instead. if
    # s3.sse-encryption is enabled, it assumes .sse.type SSE-S3]
    # CLI flag: -alertmanager.storage.s3.sse-encryption
    [sse_encryption: <boolean> | default = false]

    http_config:
      # The maximum amount of time an idle connection will be held open.
      # CLI flag: -alertmanager.storage.s3.http.idle-conn-timeout
      [idle_conn_timeout: <duration> | default = 1m30s]

      # If non-zero, specifies the amount of time to wait for a server's
      # response headers after fully writing the request.
      # CLI flag: -alertmanager.storage.s3.http.response-header-timeout
      [response_header_timeout: <duration> | default = 0s]

      # Set to false to skip verifying the certificate chain and hostname.
      # CLI flag: -alertmanager.storage.s3.http.insecure-skip-verify
      [insecure_skip_verify: <boolean> | default = false]

    # The signature version to use for authenticating against S3. Supported
    # values are: v4, v2.
    # CLI flag: -alertmanager.storage.s3.signature-version
    [signature_version: <string> | default = "v4"]

    # The s3_sse_config configures the S3 server-side encryption.
    # The CLI flags prefix for this block config is: alertmanager.storage
    [sse: <s3_sse_config>]

  local:
    # Path at which alertmanager configurations are stored.
    # CLI flag: -alertmanager.storage.local.path
    [path: <string> | default = ""]

cluster:
  # Listen address and port for the cluster. Not specifying this flag disables
  # high-availability mode.
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager.cluster.listen-address
  [listen_address: <string> | default = "0.0.0.0:9094"]

  # Explicit address or hostname to advertise in cluster.
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager.cluster.advertise-address
  [advertise_address: <string> | default = ""]

  # Comma-separated list of initial peers.
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager.cluster.peers
  [peers: <string> | default = ""]

  # Time to wait between peers to send notifications.
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager.cluster.peer-timeout
  [peer_timeout: <duration> | default = 15s]

  # The interval between sending gossip messages. By lowering this value (more
  # frequent) gossip messages are propagated across cluster more quickly at the
  # expense of increased bandwidth usage.
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager.cluster.gossip-interval
  [gossip_interval: <duration> | default = 200ms]

  # The interval between gossip state syncs. Setting this interval lower (more
  # frequent) will increase convergence speeds across larger clusters at the
  # expense of increased bandwidth usage.
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager.cluster.push-pull-interval
  [push_pull_interval: <duration> | default = 1m]

# Enable the experimental alertmanager config api.
# CLI flag: -experimental.alertmanager.enable-api
[enable_api: <boolean> | default = false]

alertmanager_client:
  # Timeout for downstream alertmanagers.
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager.alertmanager-client.remote-timeout
  [remote_timeout: <duration> | default = 2s]

  # Enable TLS in the GRPC client. This flag needs to be enabled when any other
  # TLS flag is set. If set to false, insecure connection to gRPC server will be
  # used.
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager.alertmanager-client.tls-enabled
  [tls_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

  # Path to the client certificate file, which will be used for authenticating
  # with the server. Also requires the key path to be configured.
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager.alertmanager-client.tls-cert-path
  [tls_cert_path: <string> | default = ""]

  # Path to the key file for the client certificate. Also requires the client
  # certificate to be configured.
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager.alertmanager-client.tls-key-path
  [tls_key_path: <string> | default = ""]

  # Path to the CA certificates file to validate server certificate against. If
  # not set, the host's root CA certificates are used.
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager.alertmanager-client.tls-ca-path
  [tls_ca_path: <string> | default = ""]

  # Override the expected name on the server certificate.
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager.alertmanager-client.tls-server-name
  [tls_server_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # Skip validating server certificate.
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager.alertmanager-client.tls-insecure-skip-verify
  [tls_insecure_skip_verify: <boolean> | default = false]

# The interval between persisting the current alertmanager state (notification
# log and silences) to object storage. This is only used when sharding is
# enabled. This state is read when all replicas for a shard can not be
# contacted. In this scenario, having persisted the state more frequently will
# result in potentially fewer lost silences, and fewer duplicate notifications.
# CLI flag: -alertmanager.persist-interval
[persist_interval: <duration> | default = 15m]

alertmanager_storage_config

The alertmanager_storage_config configures the GEM alertmanager storage backend.

# Backend storage to use. Supported backends are: s3, gcs, azure, swift,
# filesystem, local.
# CLI flag: -alertmanager-storage.backend
[backend: <string> | default = "s3"]

s3:
  # The S3 bucket endpoint. It could be an AWS S3 endpoint listed at
  # https://docs.aws.amazon.com/general/latest/gr/s3.html or the address of an
  # S3-compatible service in hostname:port format.
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager-storage.s3.endpoint
  [endpoint: <string> | default = ""]

  # S3 region. If unset, the client will issue a S3 GetBucketLocation API call
  # to autodetect it.
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager-storage.s3.region
  [region: <string> | default = ""]

  # S3 bucket name
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager-storage.s3.bucket-name
  [bucket_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # S3 secret access key
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager-storage.s3.secret-access-key
  [secret_access_key: <string> | default = ""]

  # S3 access key ID
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager-storage.s3.access-key-id
  [access_key_id: <string> | default = ""]

  # If enabled, use http:// for the S3 endpoint instead of https://. This could
  # be useful in local dev/test environments while using an S3-compatible
  # backend storage, like Minio.
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager-storage.s3.insecure
  [insecure: <boolean> | default = false]

  # The signature version to use for authenticating against S3. Supported values
  # are: v4, v2.
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager-storage.s3.signature-version
  [signature_version: <string> | default = "v4"]

  # The s3_sse_config configures the S3 server-side encryption.
  # The CLI flags prefix for this block config is: alertmanager-storage
  [sse: <s3_sse_config>]

  http:
    # The time an idle connection will remain idle before closing.
    # CLI flag: -alertmanager-storage.s3.http.idle-conn-timeout
    [idle_conn_timeout: <duration> | default = 1m30s]

    # The amount of time the client will wait for a servers response headers.
    # CLI flag: -alertmanager-storage.s3.http.response-header-timeout
    [response_header_timeout: <duration> | default = 2m]

    # If the client connects to S3 via HTTPS and this option is enabled, the
    # client will accept any certificate and hostname.
    # CLI flag: -alertmanager-storage.s3.http.insecure-skip-verify
    [insecure_skip_verify: <boolean> | default = false]

    # Maximum time to wait for a TLS handshake. 0 means no limit.
    # CLI flag: -alertmanager-storage.s3.tls-handshake-timeout
    [tls_handshake_timeout: <duration> | default = 10s]

    # The time to wait for a server's first response headers after fully writing
    # the request headers if the request has an Expect header. 0 to send the
    # request body immediately.
    # CLI flag: -alertmanager-storage.s3.expect-continue-timeout
    [expect_continue_timeout: <duration> | default = 1s]

    # Maximum number of idle (keep-alive) connections across all hosts. 0 means
    # no limit.
    # CLI flag: -alertmanager-storage.s3.max-idle-connections
    [max_idle_connections: <int> | default = 100]

    # Maximum number of idle (keep-alive) connections to keep per-host. If 0, a
    # built-in default value is used.
    # CLI flag: -alertmanager-storage.s3.max-idle-connections-per-host
    [max_idle_connections_per_host: <int> | default = 100]

    # Maximum number of connections per host. 0 means no limit.
    # CLI flag: -alertmanager-storage.s3.max-connections-per-host
    [max_connections_per_host: <int> | default = 0]

gcs:
  # GCS bucket name
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager-storage.gcs.bucket-name
  [bucket_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # JSON representing either a Google Developers Console client_credentials.json
  # file or a Google Developers service account key file. If empty, fallback to
  # Google default logic.
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager-storage.gcs.service-account
  [service_account: <string> | default = ""]

azure:
  # Azure storage account name
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager-storage.azure.account-name
  [account_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # Azure storage account key
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager-storage.azure.account-key
  [account_key: <string> | default = ""]

  # Azure storage container name
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager-storage.azure.container-name
  [container_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # Azure storage endpoint suffix without schema. The account name will be
  # prefixed to this value to create the FQDN
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager-storage.azure.endpoint-suffix
  [endpoint_suffix: <string> | default = ""]

  # Number of retries for recoverable errors
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager-storage.azure.max-retries
  [max_retries: <int> | default = 20]

swift:
  # OpenStack Swift authentication API version. 0 to autodetect.
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager-storage.swift.auth-version
  [auth_version: <int> | default = 0]

  # OpenStack Swift authentication URL
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager-storage.swift.auth-url
  [auth_url: <string> | default = ""]

  # OpenStack Swift username.
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager-storage.swift.username
  [username: <string> | default = ""]

  # OpenStack Swift user's domain name.
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager-storage.swift.user-domain-name
  [user_domain_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # OpenStack Swift user's domain ID.
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager-storage.swift.user-domain-id
  [user_domain_id: <string> | default = ""]

  # OpenStack Swift user ID.
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager-storage.swift.user-id
  [user_id: <string> | default = ""]

  # OpenStack Swift API key.
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager-storage.swift.password
  [password: <string> | default = ""]

  # OpenStack Swift user's domain ID.
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager-storage.swift.domain-id
  [domain_id: <string> | default = ""]

  # OpenStack Swift user's domain name.
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager-storage.swift.domain-name
  [domain_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # OpenStack Swift project ID (v2,v3 auth only).
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager-storage.swift.project-id
  [project_id: <string> | default = ""]

  # OpenStack Swift project name (v2,v3 auth only).
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager-storage.swift.project-name
  [project_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # ID of the OpenStack Swift project's domain (v3 auth only), only needed if it
  # differs the from user domain.
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager-storage.swift.project-domain-id
  [project_domain_id: <string> | default = ""]

  # Name of the OpenStack Swift project's domain (v3 auth only), only needed if
  # it differs from the user domain.
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager-storage.swift.project-domain-name
  [project_domain_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # OpenStack Swift Region to use (v2,v3 auth only).
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager-storage.swift.region-name
  [region_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # Name of the OpenStack Swift container to put chunks in.
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager-storage.swift.container-name
  [container_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # Max retries on requests error.
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager-storage.swift.max-retries
  [max_retries: <int> | default = 3]

  # Time after which a connection attempt is aborted.
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager-storage.swift.connect-timeout
  [connect_timeout: <duration> | default = 10s]

  # Time after which an idle request is aborted. The timeout watchdog is reset
  # each time some data is received, so the timeout triggers after X time no
  # data is received on a request.
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager-storage.swift.request-timeout
  [request_timeout: <duration> | default = 5s]

filesystem:
  # Local filesystem storage directory.
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager-storage.filesystem.dir
  [dir: <string> | default = ""]

local:
  # Path at which alertmanager configurations are stored.
  # CLI flag: -alertmanager-storage.local.path
  [path: <string> | default = ""]

ingester_client_config

The ingester_client_config configures how the GEM distributors connect to the ingesters.

grpc_client_config:
  # gRPC client max receive message size (bytes).
  # CLI flag: -ingester.client.grpc-max-recv-msg-size
  [max_recv_msg_size: <int> | default = 104857600]

  # gRPC client max send message size (bytes).
  # CLI flag: -ingester.client.grpc-max-send-msg-size
  [max_send_msg_size: <int> | default = 16777216]

  # Use compression when sending messages. Supported values are: 'gzip',
  # 'snappy' and '' (disable compression)
  # CLI flag: -ingester.client.grpc-compression
  [grpc_compression: <string> | default = ""]

  # Rate limit for gRPC client; 0 means disabled.
  # CLI flag: -ingester.client.grpc-client-rate-limit
  [rate_limit: <float> | default = 0]

  # Rate limit burst for gRPC client.
  # CLI flag: -ingester.client.grpc-client-rate-limit-burst
  [rate_limit_burst: <int> | default = 0]

  # Enable backoff and retry when we hit ratelimits.
  # CLI flag: -ingester.client.backoff-on-ratelimits
  [backoff_on_ratelimits: <boolean> | default = false]

  backoff_config:
    # Minimum delay when backing off.
    # CLI flag: -ingester.client.backoff-min-period
    [min_period: <duration> | default = 100ms]

    # Maximum delay when backing off.
    # CLI flag: -ingester.client.backoff-max-period
    [max_period: <duration> | default = 10s]

    # Number of times to backoff and retry before failing.
    # CLI flag: -ingester.client.backoff-retries
    [max_retries: <int> | default = 10]

  # Enable TLS in the GRPC client. This flag needs to be enabled when any other
  # TLS flag is set. If set to false, insecure connection to gRPC server will be
  # used.
  # CLI flag: -ingester.client.tls-enabled
  [tls_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

  # Path to the client certificate file, which will be used for authenticating
  # with the server. Also requires the key path to be configured.
  # CLI flag: -ingester.client.tls-cert-path
  [tls_cert_path: <string> | default = ""]

  # Path to the key file for the client certificate. Also requires the client
  # certificate to be configured.
  # CLI flag: -ingester.client.tls-key-path
  [tls_key_path: <string> | default = ""]

  # Path to the CA certificates file to validate server certificate against. If
  # not set, the host's root CA certificates are used.
  # CLI flag: -ingester.client.tls-ca-path
  [tls_ca_path: <string> | default = ""]

  # Override the expected name on the server certificate.
  # CLI flag: -ingester.client.tls-server-name
  [tls_server_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # Skip validating server certificate.
  # CLI flag: -ingester.client.tls-insecure-skip-verify
  [tls_insecure_skip_verify: <boolean> | default = false]

frontend_worker_config

The frontend_worker_config configures the worker - running within the GEM querier - picking up and executing queries enqueued by the query-frontend or query-scheduler.

# Address of query frontend service, in host:port format. If
# -querier.scheduler-address is set as well, querier will use scheduler instead.
# Only one of -querier.frontend-address or -querier.scheduler-address can be
# set. If neither is set, queries are only received via HTTP endpoint.
# CLI flag: -querier.frontend-address
[frontend_address: <string> | default = ""]

# Hostname (and port) of scheduler that querier will periodically resolve,
# connect to and receive queries from. Only one of -querier.frontend-address or
# -querier.scheduler-address can be set. If neither is set, queries are only
# received via HTTP endpoint.
# CLI flag: -querier.scheduler-address
[scheduler_address: <string> | default = ""]

# How often to query DNS for query-frontend or query-scheduler address.
# CLI flag: -querier.dns-lookup-period
[dns_lookup_duration: <duration> | default = 10s]

# Number of simultaneous queries to process per query-frontend or
# query-scheduler.
# CLI flag: -querier.worker-parallelism
[parallelism: <int> | default = 10]

# Force worker concurrency to match the -querier.max-concurrent option.
# Overrides querier.worker-parallelism.
# CLI flag: -querier.worker-match-max-concurrent
[match_max_concurrent: <boolean> | default = false]

# Querier ID, sent to frontend service to identify requests from the same
# querier. Defaults to hostname.
# CLI flag: -querier.id
[id: <string> | default = ""]

grpc_client_config:
  # gRPC client max receive message size (bytes).
  # CLI flag: -querier.frontend-client.grpc-max-recv-msg-size
  [max_recv_msg_size: <int> | default = 104857600]

  # gRPC client max send message size (bytes).
  # CLI flag: -querier.frontend-client.grpc-max-send-msg-size
  [max_send_msg_size: <int> | default = 16777216]

  # Use compression when sending messages. Supported values are: 'gzip',
  # 'snappy' and '' (disable compression)
  # CLI flag: -querier.frontend-client.grpc-compression
  [grpc_compression: <string> | default = ""]

  # Rate limit for gRPC client; 0 means disabled.
  # CLI flag: -querier.frontend-client.grpc-client-rate-limit
  [rate_limit: <float> | default = 0]

  # Rate limit burst for gRPC client.
  # CLI flag: -querier.frontend-client.grpc-client-rate-limit-burst
  [rate_limit_burst: <int> | default = 0]

  # Enable backoff and retry when we hit ratelimits.
  # CLI flag: -querier.frontend-client.backoff-on-ratelimits
  [backoff_on_ratelimits: <boolean> | default = false]

  backoff_config:
    # Minimum delay when backing off.
    # CLI flag: -querier.frontend-client.backoff-min-period
    [min_period: <duration> | default = 100ms]

    # Maximum delay when backing off.
    # CLI flag: -querier.frontend-client.backoff-max-period
    [max_period: <duration> | default = 10s]

    # Number of times to backoff and retry before failing.
    # CLI flag: -querier.frontend-client.backoff-retries
    [max_retries: <int> | default = 10]

  # Enable TLS in the GRPC client. This flag needs to be enabled when any other
  # TLS flag is set. If set to false, insecure connection to gRPC server will be
  # used.
  # CLI flag: -querier.frontend-client.tls-enabled
  [tls_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

  # Path to the client certificate file, which will be used for authenticating
  # with the server. Also requires the key path to be configured.
  # CLI flag: -querier.frontend-client.tls-cert-path
  [tls_cert_path: <string> | default = ""]

  # Path to the key file for the client certificate. Also requires the client
  # certificate to be configured.
  # CLI flag: -querier.frontend-client.tls-key-path
  [tls_key_path: <string> | default = ""]

  # Path to the CA certificates file to validate server certificate against. If
  # not set, the host's root CA certificates are used.
  # CLI flag: -querier.frontend-client.tls-ca-path
  [tls_ca_path: <string> | default = ""]

  # Override the expected name on the server certificate.
  # CLI flag: -querier.frontend-client.tls-server-name
  [tls_server_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # Skip validating server certificate.
  # CLI flag: -querier.frontend-client.tls-insecure-skip-verify
  [tls_insecure_skip_verify: <boolean> | default = false]

etcd_config

The etcd_config configures the etcd client. The supported CLI flags <prefix> used to reference this config block are:

  • no prefix
  • admin-api.leader-election.ring
  • alertmanager.sharding-ring
  • compactor.ring
  • distributor.ha-tracker
  • distributor.ring
  • ruler.ring
  • store-gateway.sharding-ring
# The etcd endpoints to connect to.
# CLI flag: -<prefix>.etcd.endpoints
[endpoints: <list of string> | default = []]

# The dial timeout for the etcd connection.
# CLI flag: -<prefix>.etcd.dial-timeout
[dial_timeout: <duration> | default = 10s]

# The maximum number of retries to do for failed ops.
# CLI flag: -<prefix>.etcd.max-retries
[max_retries: <int> | default = 10]

# Enable TLS.
# CLI flag: -<prefix>.etcd.tls-enabled
[tls_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

# Path to the client certificate file, which will be used for authenticating
# with the server. Also requires the key path to be configured.
# CLI flag: -<prefix>.etcd.tls-cert-path
[tls_cert_path: <string> | default = ""]

# Path to the key file for the client certificate. Also requires the client
# certificate to be configured.
# CLI flag: -<prefix>.etcd.tls-key-path
[tls_key_path: <string> | default = ""]

# Path to the CA certificates file to validate server certificate against. If
# not set, the host's root CA certificates are used.
# CLI flag: -<prefix>.etcd.tls-ca-path
[tls_ca_path: <string> | default = ""]

# Override the expected name on the server certificate.
# CLI flag: -<prefix>.etcd.tls-server-name
[tls_server_name: <string> | default = ""]

# Skip validating server certificate.
# CLI flag: -<prefix>.etcd.tls-insecure-skip-verify
[tls_insecure_skip_verify: <boolean> | default = false]

# Etcd username.
# CLI flag: -<prefix>.etcd.username
[username: <string> | default = ""]

# Etcd password.
# CLI flag: -<prefix>.etcd.password
[password: <string> | default = ""]

consul_config

The consul_config configures the consul client. The supported CLI flags <prefix> used to reference this config block are:

  • no prefix
  • admin-api.leader-election.ring
  • alertmanager.sharding-ring
  • compactor.ring
  • distributor.ha-tracker
  • distributor.ring
  • ruler.ring
  • store-gateway.sharding-ring
# Hostname and port of Consul.
# CLI flag: -<prefix>.consul.hostname
[host: <string> | default = "localhost:8500"]

# ACL Token used to interact with Consul.
# CLI flag: -<prefix>.consul.acl-token
[acl_token: <string> | default = ""]

# HTTP timeout when talking to Consul
# CLI flag: -<prefix>.consul.client-timeout
[http_client_timeout: <duration> | default = 20s]

# Enable consistent reads to Consul.
# CLI flag: -<prefix>.consul.consistent-reads
[consistent_reads: <boolean> | default = false]

# Rate limit when watching key or prefix in Consul, in requests per second. 0
# disables the rate limit.
# CLI flag: -<prefix>.consul.watch-rate-limit
[watch_rate_limit: <float> | default = 1]

# Burst size used in rate limit. Values less than 1 are treated as 1.
# CLI flag: -<prefix>.consul.watch-burst-size
[watch_burst_size: <int> | default = 1]

memberlist_config

The memberlist_config configures the Gossip memberlist.

# Name of the node in memberlist cluster. Defaults to hostname.
# CLI flag: -memberlist.nodename
[node_name: <string> | default = ""]

# Add random suffix to the node name.
# CLI flag: -memberlist.randomize-node-name
[randomize_node_name: <boolean> | default = true]

# The timeout for establishing a connection with a remote node, and for
# read/write operations.
# CLI flag: -memberlist.stream-timeout
[stream_timeout: <duration> | default = 10s]

# Multiplication factor used when sending out messages (factor * log(N+1)).
# CLI flag: -memberlist.retransmit-factor
[retransmit_factor: <int> | default = 4]

# How often to use pull/push sync.
# CLI flag: -memberlist.pullpush-interval
[pull_push_interval: <duration> | default = 30s]

# How often to gossip.
# CLI flag: -memberlist.gossip-interval
[gossip_interval: <duration> | default = 200ms]

# How many nodes to gossip to.
# CLI flag: -memberlist.gossip-nodes
[gossip_nodes: <int> | default = 3]

# How long to keep gossiping to dead nodes, to give them chance to refute their
# death.
# CLI flag: -memberlist.gossip-to-dead-nodes-time
[gossip_to_dead_nodes_time: <duration> | default = 30s]

# How soon can dead node's name be reclaimed with new address. 0 to disable.
# CLI flag: -memberlist.dead-node-reclaim-time
[dead_node_reclaim_time: <duration> | default = 0s]

# Enable message compression. This can be used to reduce bandwidth usage at the
# cost of slightly more CPU utilization.
# CLI flag: -memberlist.compression-enabled
[compression_enabled: <boolean> | default = true]

# Other cluster members to join. Can be specified multiple times. It can be an
# IP, hostname or an entry specified in the DNS Service Discovery format (see
# https://cortexmetrics.io/docs/configuration/arguments/#dns-service-discovery
# for more details).
# CLI flag: -memberlist.join
[join_members: <list of string> | default = []]

# Min backoff duration to join other cluster members.
# CLI flag: -memberlist.min-join-backoff
[min_join_backoff: <duration> | default = 1s]

# Max backoff duration to join other cluster members.
# CLI flag: -memberlist.max-join-backoff
[max_join_backoff: <duration> | default = 1m]

# Max number of retries to join other cluster members.
# CLI flag: -memberlist.max-join-retries
[max_join_retries: <int> | default = 10]

# If this node fails to join memberlist cluster, abort.
# CLI flag: -memberlist.abort-if-join-fails
[abort_if_cluster_join_fails: <boolean> | default = true]

# If not 0, how often to rejoin the cluster. Occasional rejoin can help to fix
# the cluster split issue, and is harmless otherwise. For example when using
# only few components as a seed nodes (via -memberlist.join), then it's
# recommended to use rejoin. If -memberlist.join points to dynamic service that
# resolves to all gossiping nodes (eg. Kubernetes headless service), then rejoin
# is not needed.
# CLI flag: -memberlist.rejoin-interval
[rejoin_interval: <duration> | default = 0s]

# How long to keep LEFT ingesters in the ring.
# CLI flag: -memberlist.left-ingesters-timeout
[left_ingesters_timeout: <duration> | default = 5m]

# Timeout for leaving memberlist cluster.
# CLI flag: -memberlist.leave-timeout
[leave_timeout: <duration> | default = 5s]

# How much space to use for keeping received and sent messages in memory for
# troubleshooting (two buffers). 0 to disable.
# CLI flag: -memberlist.message-history-buffer-bytes
[message_history_buffer_bytes: <int> | default = 0]

# IP address to listen on for gossip messages. Multiple addresses may be
# specified. Defaults to 0.0.0.0
# CLI flag: -memberlist.bind-addr
[bind_addr: <list of string> | default = []]

# Port to listen on for gossip messages.
# CLI flag: -memberlist.bind-port
[bind_port: <int> | default = 7946]

# Timeout used when connecting to other nodes to send packet.
# CLI flag: -memberlist.packet-dial-timeout
[packet_dial_timeout: <duration> | default = 5s]

# Timeout for writing 'packet' data.
# CLI flag: -memberlist.packet-write-timeout
[packet_write_timeout: <duration> | default = 5s]

# Enable TLS on the memberlist transport layer.
# CLI flag: -memberlist.tls-enabled
[tls_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

# Path to the client certificate file, which will be used for authenticating
# with the server. Also requires the key path to be configured.
# CLI flag: -memberlist.tls-cert-path
[tls_cert_path: <string> | default = ""]

# Path to the key file for the client certificate. Also requires the client
# certificate to be configured.
# CLI flag: -memberlist.tls-key-path
[tls_key_path: <string> | default = ""]

# Path to the CA certificates file to validate server certificate against. If
# not set, the host's root CA certificates are used.
# CLI flag: -memberlist.tls-ca-path
[tls_ca_path: <string> | default = ""]

# Override the expected name on the server certificate.
# CLI flag: -memberlist.tls-server-name
[tls_server_name: <string> | default = ""]

# Skip validating server certificate.
# CLI flag: -memberlist.tls-insecure-skip-verify
[tls_insecure_skip_verify: <boolean> | default = false]

limits_config

The limits_config configures default and per-tenant limits imposed by GEM services (ie. distributor, ingester, …).

# Per-user ingestion rate limit in samples per second.
# CLI flag: -distributor.ingestion-rate-limit
[ingestion_rate: <float> | default = 25000]

# Whether the ingestion rate limit should be applied individually to each
# distributor instance (local), or evenly shared across the cluster (global).
# CLI flag: -distributor.ingestion-rate-limit-strategy
[ingestion_rate_strategy: <string> | default = "local"]

# Per-user allowed ingestion burst size (in number of samples).
# CLI flag: -distributor.ingestion-burst-size
[ingestion_burst_size: <int> | default = 50000]

# Flag to enable, for all users, handling of samples with external labels
# identifying replicas in an HA Prometheus setup.
# CLI flag: -distributor.ha-tracker.enable-for-all-users
[accept_ha_samples: <boolean> | default = false]

# Prometheus label to look for in samples to identify a Prometheus HA cluster.
# CLI flag: -distributor.ha-tracker.cluster
[ha_cluster_label: <string> | default = "cluster"]

# Prometheus label to look for in samples to identify a Prometheus HA replica.
# CLI flag: -distributor.ha-tracker.replica
[ha_replica_label: <string> | default = "__replica__"]

# Maximum number of clusters that HA tracker will keep track of for single user.
# 0 to disable the limit.
# CLI flag: -distributor.ha-tracker.max-clusters
[ha_max_clusters: <int> | default = 0]

# This flag can be used to specify label names that to drop during sample
# ingestion within the distributor and can be repeated in order to drop multiple
# labels.
# CLI flag: -distributor.drop-label
[drop_labels: <list of string> | default = []]

# Maximum length accepted for label names
# CLI flag: -validation.max-length-label-name
[max_label_name_length: <int> | default = 1024]

# Maximum length accepted for label value. This setting also applies to the
# metric name
# CLI flag: -validation.max-length-label-value
[max_label_value_length: <int> | default = 2048]

# Maximum number of label names per series.
# CLI flag: -validation.max-label-names-per-series
[max_label_names_per_series: <int> | default = 30]

# Maximum length accepted for metric metadata. Metadata refers to Metric Name,
# HELP and UNIT.
# CLI flag: -validation.max-metadata-length
[max_metadata_length: <int> | default = 1024]

# Reject old samples.
# CLI flag: -validation.reject-old-samples
[reject_old_samples: <boolean> | default = false]

# Maximum accepted sample age before rejecting.
# CLI flag: -validation.reject-old-samples.max-age
[reject_old_samples_max_age: <duration> | default = 2w]

# Duration which table will be created/deleted before/after it's needed; we
# won't accept sample from before this time.
# CLI flag: -validation.create-grace-period
[creation_grace_period: <duration> | default = 10m]

# Enforce every metadata has a metric name.
# CLI flag: -validation.enforce-metadata-metric-name
[enforce_metadata_metric_name: <boolean> | default = true]

# Enforce every sample has a metric name.
# CLI flag: -validation.enforce-metric-name
[enforce_metric_name: <boolean> | default = true]

# The default tenant's shard size when the shuffle-sharding strategy is used.
# Must be set both on ingesters and distributors. When this setting is specified
# in the per-tenant overrides, a value of 0 disables shuffle sharding for the
# tenant.
# CLI flag: -distributor.ingestion-tenant-shard-size
[ingestion_tenant_shard_size: <int> | default = 0]

# List of metric relabel configurations. Note that in most situations, it is
# more effective to use metrics relabeling directly in the Prometheus server,
# e.g. remote_write.write_relabel_configs.
[metric_relabel_configs: <relabel_config...> | default = ]

# The maximum number of series for which a query can fetch samples from each
# ingester. This limit is enforced only in the ingesters (when querying samples
# not flushed to the storage yet) and it's a per-instance limit. This limit is
# ignored when using blocks storage. When running with blocks storage use
# -querier.max-fetched-series-per-query limit instead.
# CLI flag: -ingester.max-series-per-query
[max_series_per_query: <int> | default = 100000]

# The maximum number of samples that a query can return. This limit only applies
# when using chunks storage with -querier.ingester-streaming=false.
# CLI flag: -ingester.max-samples-per-query
[max_samples_per_query: <int> | default = 1000000]

# The maximum number of active series per user, per ingester. 0 to disable.
# CLI flag: -ingester.max-series-per-user
[max_series_per_user: <int> | default = 5000000]

# The maximum number of active series per metric name, per ingester. 0 to
# disable.
# CLI flag: -ingester.max-series-per-metric
[max_series_per_metric: <int> | default = 50000]

# The maximum number of active series per user, across the cluster before
# replication. 0 to disable. Supported only if -distributor.shard-by-all-labels
# is true.
# CLI flag: -ingester.max-global-series-per-user
[max_global_series_per_user: <int> | default = 0]

# The maximum number of active series per metric name, across the cluster before
# replication. 0 to disable.
# CLI flag: -ingester.max-global-series-per-metric
[max_global_series_per_metric: <int> | default = 0]

# Minimum number of samples in an idle chunk to flush it to the store. Use with
# care, if chunks are less than this size they will be discarded. This option is
# ignored when using blocks storage. 0 to disable.
# CLI flag: -ingester.min-chunk-length
[min_chunk_length: <int> | default = 0]

# The maximum number of active metrics with metadata per user, per ingester. 0
# to disable.
# CLI flag: -ingester.max-metadata-per-user
[max_metadata_per_user: <int> | default = 8000]

# The maximum number of metadata per metric, per ingester. 0 to disable.
# CLI flag: -ingester.max-metadata-per-metric
[max_metadata_per_metric: <int> | default = 10]

# The maximum number of active metrics with metadata per user, across the
# cluster. 0 to disable. Supported only if -distributor.shard-by-all-labels is
# true.
# CLI flag: -ingester.max-global-metadata-per-user
[max_global_metadata_per_user: <int> | default = 0]

# The maximum number of metadata per metric, across the cluster. 0 to disable.
# CLI flag: -ingester.max-global-metadata-per-metric
[max_global_metadata_per_metric: <int> | default = 0]

# Deprecated. Use -querier.max-fetched-chunks-per-query CLI flag and its
# respective YAML config option instead. Maximum number of chunks that can be
# fetched in a single query. This limit is enforced when fetching chunks from
# the long-term storage only. When using chunks storage, this limit is enforced
# in the querier and ruler, while when using blocks storage this limit is
# enforced in the querier, ruler and store-gateway. 0 to disable.
# CLI flag: -store.query-chunk-limit
[max_chunks_per_query: <int> | default = 2000000]

# Maximum number of chunks that can be fetched in a single query from ingesters
# and long-term storage. This limit is enforced in the querier, ruler and
# store-gateway. Takes precedence over the deprecated -store.query-chunk-limit.
# 0 to disable.
# CLI flag: -querier.max-fetched-chunks-per-query
[max_fetched_chunks_per_query: <int> | default = 0]

# The maximum number of unique series for which a query can fetch samples from
# each ingesters and blocks storage. This limit is enforced in the querier only
# when running with blocks storage. 0 to disable
# CLI flag: -querier.max-fetched-series-per-query
[max_fetched_series_per_query: <int> | default = 0]

# The maximum size of all chunks in bytes that a query can fetch from each
# ingester and storage. This limit is enforced in the querier and ruler only
# when running with blocks storage. 0 to disable.
# CLI flag: -querier.max-fetched-chunk-bytes-per-query
[max_fetched_chunk_bytes_per_query: <int> | default = 0]

# Limit how long back data (series and metadata) can be queried, up until
# <lookback> duration ago. This limit is enforced in the query-frontend, querier
# and ruler. If the requested time range is outside the allowed range, the
# request will not fail but will be manipulated to only query data within the
# allowed time range. 0 to disable.
# CLI flag: -querier.max-query-lookback
[max_query_lookback: <duration> | default = 0s]

# Limit the query time range (end - start time). This limit is enforced in the
# query-frontend (on the received query), in the querier (on the query possibly
# split by the query-frontend) and in the chunks storage. 0 to disable.
# CLI flag: -store.max-query-length
[max_query_length: <duration> | default = 0s]

# Maximum number of split queries will be scheduled in parallel by the frontend.
# CLI flag: -querier.max-query-parallelism
[max_query_parallelism: <int> | default = 14]

# Cardinality limit for index queries. This limit is ignored when using blocks
# storage. 0 to disable.
# CLI flag: -store.cardinality-limit
[cardinality_limit: <int> | default = 100000]

# Most recent allowed cacheable result per-tenant, to prevent caching very
# recent results that might still be in flux.
# CLI flag: -frontend.max-cache-freshness
[max_cache_freshness: <duration> | default = 1m]

# Maximum number of queriers that can handle requests for a single tenant. If
# set to 0 or value higher than number of available queriers, *all* queriers
# will handle requests for the tenant. Each frontend (or query-scheduler, if
# used) will select the same set of queriers for the same tenant (given that all
# queriers are connected to all frontends / query-schedulers). This option only
# works with queriers connecting to the query-frontend / query-scheduler, not
# when using downstream URL.
# CLI flag: -frontend.max-queriers-per-tenant
[max_queriers_per_tenant: <int> | default = 0]

# Duration to delay the evaluation of rules to ensure the underlying metrics
# have been pushed.
# CLI flag: -ruler.evaluation-delay-duration
[ruler_evaluation_delay_duration: <duration> | default = 0s]

# The default tenant's shard size when the shuffle-sharding strategy is used by
# ruler. When this setting is specified in the per-tenant overrides, a value of
# 0 disables shuffle sharding for the tenant.
# CLI flag: -ruler.tenant-shard-size
[ruler_tenant_shard_size: <int> | default = 0]

# Maximum number of rules per rule group per-tenant. 0 to disable.
# CLI flag: -ruler.max-rules-per-rule-group
[ruler_max_rules_per_rule_group: <int> | default = 0]

# Maximum number of rule groups per-tenant. 0 to disable.
# CLI flag: -ruler.max-rule-groups-per-tenant
[ruler_max_rule_groups_per_tenant: <int> | default = 0]

# The default tenant's shard size when the shuffle-sharding strategy is used.
# Must be set when the store-gateway sharding is enabled with the
# shuffle-sharding strategy. When this setting is specified in the per-tenant
# overrides, a value of 0 disables shuffle sharding for the tenant.
# CLI flag: -store-gateway.tenant-shard-size
[store_gateway_tenant_shard_size: <int> | default = 0]

# Delete blocks containing samples older than the specified retention period. 0
# to disable.
# CLI flag: -compactor.blocks-retention-period
[compactor_blocks_retention_period: <duration> | default = 0s]

# S3 server-side encryption type. Required to enable server-side encryption
# overrides for a specific tenant. If not set, the default S3 client settings
# are used.
[s3_sse_type: <string> | default = ""]

# S3 server-side encryption KMS Key ID. Ignored if the SSE type override is not
# set.
[s3_sse_kms_key_id: <string> | default = ""]

# S3 server-side encryption KMS encryption context. If unset and the key ID
# override is set, the encryption context will not be provided to S3. Ignored if
# the SSE type override is not set.
[s3_sse_kms_encryption_context: <string> | default = ""]

# Comma-separated list of network CIDRs to block in Alertmanager receiver
# integrations.
# CLI flag: -alertmanager.receivers-firewall-block-cidr-networks
[alertmanager_receivers_firewall_block_cidr_networks: <string> | default = ""]

# True to block private and local addresses in Alertmanager receiver
# integrations. It blocks private addresses defined by  RFC 1918 (IPv4
# addresses) and RFC 4193 (IPv6 addresses), as well as loopback, local unicast
# and local multicast addresses.
# CLI flag: -alertmanager.receivers-firewall-block-private-addresses
[alertmanager_receivers_firewall_block_private_addresses: <boolean> | default = false]

# Per-user rate limit for sending notifications from Alertmanager in
# notifications/sec. 0 = rate limit disabled. Negative value = no notifications
# are allowed.
# CLI flag: -alertmanager.notification-rate-limit
[alertmanager_notification_rate_limit: <float> | default = 0]

# Per-integration notification rate limits. Value is a map, where each key is
# integration name and value is a rate-limit (float). On command line, this map
# is given in JSON format. Rate limit has the same meaning as
# -alertmanager.notification-rate-limit, but only applies for specific
# integration. Allowed integration names: webhook, email, pagerduty, opsgenie,
# wechat, slack, victorops, pushover.
# CLI flag: -alertmanager.notification-rate-limit-per-integration
[alertmanager_notification_rate_limit_per_integration: <map of string to float64> | default = {}]

# Maximum size of configuration file for Alertmanager that tenant can upload via
# Alertmanager API. 0 = no limit.
# CLI flag: -alertmanager.max-config-size-bytes
[alertmanager_max_config_size_bytes: <int> | default = 0]

# Maximum number of templates in tenant's Alertmanager configuration uploaded
# via Alertmanager API. 0 = no limit.
# CLI flag: -alertmanager.max-templates-count
[alertmanager_max_templates_count: <int> | default = 0]

# Maximum size of single template in tenant's Alertmanager configuration
# uploaded via Alertmanager API. 0 = no limit.
# CLI flag: -alertmanager.max-template-size-bytes
[alertmanager_max_template_size_bytes: <int> | default = 0]

# Maximum number of aggregation groups in Alertmanager's dispatcher that a
# tenant can have. Each active aggregation group uses single goroutine. When the
# limit is reached, dispatcher will not dispatch alerts that belong to
# additional aggregation groups, but existing groups will keep working properly.
# 0 = no limit.
# CLI flag: -alertmanager.max-dispatcher-aggregation-groups
[alertmanager_max_dispatcher_aggregation_groups: <int> | default = 0]

# Maximum number of alerts that a single user can have. Inserting more alerts
# will fail with a log message and metric increment. 0 = no limit.
# CLI flag: -alertmanager.max-alerts-count
[alertmanager_max_alerts_count: <int> | default = 0]

# Maximum total size of alerts that a single user can have, alert size is the
# sum of the bytes of its labels, annotations and generatorURL. Inserting more
# alerts will fail with a log message and metric increment. 0 = no limit.
# CLI flag: -alertmanager.max-alerts-size-bytes
[alertmanager_max_alerts_size_bytes: <int> | default = 0]

blocks_storage_config

The blocks_storage_config configures the blocks storage.

# Backend storage to use. Supported backends are: s3, gcs, azure, swift,
# filesystem.
# CLI flag: -blocks-storage.backend
[backend: <string> | default = "s3"]

s3:
  # The S3 bucket endpoint. It could be an AWS S3 endpoint listed at
  # https://docs.aws.amazon.com/general/latest/gr/s3.html or the address of an
  # S3-compatible service in hostname:port format.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.s3.endpoint
  [endpoint: <string> | default = ""]

  # S3 region. If unset, the client will issue a S3 GetBucketLocation API call
  # to autodetect it.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.s3.region
  [region: <string> | default = ""]

  # S3 bucket name
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.s3.bucket-name
  [bucket_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # S3 secret access key
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.s3.secret-access-key
  [secret_access_key: <string> | default = ""]

  # S3 access key ID
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.s3.access-key-id
  [access_key_id: <string> | default = ""]

  # If enabled, use http:// for the S3 endpoint instead of https://. This could
  # be useful in local dev/test environments while using an S3-compatible
  # backend storage, like Minio.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.s3.insecure
  [insecure: <boolean> | default = false]

  # The signature version to use for authenticating against S3. Supported values
  # are: v4, v2.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.s3.signature-version
  [signature_version: <string> | default = "v4"]

  # The s3_sse_config configures the S3 server-side encryption.
  # The CLI flags prefix for this block config is: blocks-storage
  [sse: <s3_sse_config>]

  http:
    # The time an idle connection will remain idle before closing.
    # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.s3.http.idle-conn-timeout
    [idle_conn_timeout: <duration> | default = 1m30s]

    # The amount of time the client will wait for a servers response headers.
    # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.s3.http.response-header-timeout
    [response_header_timeout: <duration> | default = 2m]

    # If the client connects to S3 via HTTPS and this option is enabled, the
    # client will accept any certificate and hostname.
    # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.s3.http.insecure-skip-verify
    [insecure_skip_verify: <boolean> | default = false]

    # Maximum time to wait for a TLS handshake. 0 means no limit.
    # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.s3.tls-handshake-timeout
    [tls_handshake_timeout: <duration> | default = 10s]

    # The time to wait for a server's first response headers after fully writing
    # the request headers if the request has an Expect header. 0 to send the
    # request body immediately.
    # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.s3.expect-continue-timeout
    [expect_continue_timeout: <duration> | default = 1s]

    # Maximum number of idle (keep-alive) connections across all hosts. 0 means
    # no limit.
    # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.s3.max-idle-connections
    [max_idle_connections: <int> | default = 100]

    # Maximum number of idle (keep-alive) connections to keep per-host. If 0, a
    # built-in default value is used.
    # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.s3.max-idle-connections-per-host
    [max_idle_connections_per_host: <int> | default = 100]

    # Maximum number of connections per host. 0 means no limit.
    # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.s3.max-connections-per-host
    [max_connections_per_host: <int> | default = 0]

  # Path to header map file containing name/value combos.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.s3.header-map.file-path
  [header_map_file_path: <string> | default = ""]

  # Interval at which to repoll the headers file, if set <= 0 polling is
  # disabled.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.s3.header-map.poll-interval
  [header_map_poll_interval: <duration> | default = 1m]

gcs:
  # GCS bucket name
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.gcs.bucket-name
  [bucket_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # JSON representing either a Google Developers Console client_credentials.json
  # file or a Google Developers service account key file. If empty, fallback to
  # Google default logic.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.gcs.service-account
  [service_account: <string> | default = ""]

azure:
  # Azure storage account name
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.azure.account-name
  [account_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # Azure storage account key
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.azure.account-key
  [account_key: <string> | default = ""]

  # Azure storage container name
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.azure.container-name
  [container_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # Azure storage endpoint suffix without schema. The account name will be
  # prefixed to this value to create the FQDN
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.azure.endpoint-suffix
  [endpoint_suffix: <string> | default = ""]

  # Number of retries for recoverable errors
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.azure.max-retries
  [max_retries: <int> | default = 20]

swift:
  # OpenStack Swift authentication API version. 0 to autodetect.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.swift.auth-version
  [auth_version: <int> | default = 0]

  # OpenStack Swift authentication URL
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.swift.auth-url
  [auth_url: <string> | default = ""]

  # OpenStack Swift username.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.swift.username
  [username: <string> | default = ""]

  # OpenStack Swift user's domain name.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.swift.user-domain-name
  [user_domain_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # OpenStack Swift user's domain ID.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.swift.user-domain-id
  [user_domain_id: <string> | default = ""]

  # OpenStack Swift user ID.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.swift.user-id
  [user_id: <string> | default = ""]

  # OpenStack Swift API key.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.swift.password
  [password: <string> | default = ""]

  # OpenStack Swift user's domain ID.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.swift.domain-id
  [domain_id: <string> | default = ""]

  # OpenStack Swift user's domain name.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.swift.domain-name
  [domain_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # OpenStack Swift project ID (v2,v3 auth only).
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.swift.project-id
  [project_id: <string> | default = ""]

  # OpenStack Swift project name (v2,v3 auth only).
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.swift.project-name
  [project_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # ID of the OpenStack Swift project's domain (v3 auth only), only needed if it
  # differs the from user domain.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.swift.project-domain-id
  [project_domain_id: <string> | default = ""]

  # Name of the OpenStack Swift project's domain (v3 auth only), only needed if
  # it differs from the user domain.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.swift.project-domain-name
  [project_domain_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # OpenStack Swift Region to use (v2,v3 auth only).
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.swift.region-name
  [region_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # Name of the OpenStack Swift container to put chunks in.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.swift.container-name
  [container_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # Max retries on requests error.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.swift.max-retries
  [max_retries: <int> | default = 3]

  # Time after which a connection attempt is aborted.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.swift.connect-timeout
  [connect_timeout: <duration> | default = 10s]

  # Time after which an idle request is aborted. The timeout watchdog is reset
  # each time some data is received, so the timeout triggers after X time no
  # data is received on a request.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.swift.request-timeout
  [request_timeout: <duration> | default = 5s]

filesystem:
  # Local filesystem storage directory.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.filesystem.dir
  [dir: <string> | default = ""]

# This configures how the querier and store-gateway discover and synchronize
# blocks stored in the bucket.
bucket_store:
  # Directory to store synchronized TSDB index headers.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.sync-dir
  [sync_dir: <string> | default = "tsdb-sync"]

  # How frequently to scan the bucket, or to refresh the bucket index (if
  # enabled), in order to look for changes (new blocks shipped by ingesters and
  # blocks deleted by retention or compaction).
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.sync-interval
  [sync_interval: <duration> | default = 15m]

  # Max number of concurrent queries to execute against the long-term storage.
  # The limit is shared across all tenants.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.max-concurrent
  [max_concurrent: <int> | default = 100]

  # Maximum number of concurrent tenants synching blocks.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.tenant-sync-concurrency
  [tenant_sync_concurrency: <int> | default = 10]

  # Maximum number of concurrent blocks synching per tenant.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.block-sync-concurrency
  [block_sync_concurrency: <int> | default = 20]

  # Number of Go routines to use when syncing block meta files from object
  # storage per tenant.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.meta-sync-concurrency
  [meta_sync_concurrency: <int> | default = 20]

  # Minimum age of a block before it's being read. Set it to safe value (e.g
  # 30m) if your object storage is eventually consistent. GCS and S3 are
  # (roughly) strongly consistent.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.consistency-delay
  [consistency_delay: <duration> | default = 0s]

  index_cache:
    # The index cache backend type. Supported values: inmemory, memcached.
    # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.index-cache.backend
    [backend: <string> | default = "inmemory"]

    inmemory:
      # Maximum size in bytes of in-memory index cache used to speed up blocks
      # index lookups (shared between all tenants).
      # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.index-cache.inmemory.max-size-bytes
      [max_size_bytes: <int> | default = 1073741824]

    memcached:
      # Comma separated list of memcached addresses. Supported prefixes are:
      # dns+ (looked up as an A/AAAA query), dnssrv+ (looked up as a SRV query,
      # dnssrvnoa+ (looked up as a SRV query, with no A/AAAA lookup made after
      # that).
      # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.index-cache.memcached.addresses
      [addresses: <string> | default = ""]

      # The socket read/write timeout.
      # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.index-cache.memcached.timeout
      [timeout: <duration> | default = 100ms]

      # The maximum number of idle connections that will be maintained per
      # address.
      # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.index-cache.memcached.max-idle-connections
      [max_idle_connections: <int> | default = 16]

      # The maximum number of concurrent asynchronous operations can occur.
      # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.index-cache.memcached.max-async-concurrency
      [max_async_concurrency: <int> | default = 50]

      # The maximum number of enqueued asynchronous operations allowed.
      # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.index-cache.memcached.max-async-buffer-size
      [max_async_buffer_size: <int> | default = 10000]

      # The maximum number of concurrent connections running get operations. If
      # set to 0, concurrency is unlimited.
      # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.index-cache.memcached.max-get-multi-concurrency
      [max_get_multi_concurrency: <int> | default = 100]

      # The maximum number of keys a single underlying get operation should run.
      # If more keys are specified, internally keys are split into multiple
      # batches and fetched concurrently, honoring the max concurrency. If set
      # to 0, the max batch size is unlimited.
      # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.index-cache.memcached.max-get-multi-batch-size
      [max_get_multi_batch_size: <int> | default = 0]

      # The maximum size of an item stored in memcached. Bigger items are not
      # stored. If set to 0, no maximum size is enforced.
      # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.index-cache.memcached.max-item-size
      [max_item_size: <int> | default = 1048576]

  chunks_cache:
    # Backend for chunks cache, if not empty. Supported values: memcached.
    # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.chunks-cache.backend
    [backend: <string> | default = ""]

    memcached:
      # Comma separated list of memcached addresses. Supported prefixes are:
      # dns+ (looked up as an A/AAAA query), dnssrv+ (looked up as a SRV query,
      # dnssrvnoa+ (looked up as a SRV query, with no A/AAAA lookup made after
      # that).
      # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.chunks-cache.memcached.addresses
      [addresses: <string> | default = ""]

      # The socket read/write timeout.
      # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.chunks-cache.memcached.timeout
      [timeout: <duration> | default = 100ms]

      # The maximum number of idle connections that will be maintained per
      # address.
      # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.chunks-cache.memcached.max-idle-connections
      [max_idle_connections: <int> | default = 16]

      # The maximum number of concurrent asynchronous operations can occur.
      # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.chunks-cache.memcached.max-async-concurrency
      [max_async_concurrency: <int> | default = 50]

      # The maximum number of enqueued asynchronous operations allowed.
      # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.chunks-cache.memcached.max-async-buffer-size
      [max_async_buffer_size: <int> | default = 10000]

      # The maximum number of concurrent connections running get operations. If
      # set to 0, concurrency is unlimited.
      # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.chunks-cache.memcached.max-get-multi-concurrency
      [max_get_multi_concurrency: <int> | default = 100]

      # The maximum number of keys a single underlying get operation should run.
      # If more keys are specified, internally keys are split into multiple
      # batches and fetched concurrently, honoring the max concurrency. If set
      # to 0, the max batch size is unlimited.
      # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.chunks-cache.memcached.max-get-multi-batch-size
      [max_get_multi_batch_size: <int> | default = 0]

      # The maximum size of an item stored in memcached. Bigger items are not
      # stored. If set to 0, no maximum size is enforced.
      # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.chunks-cache.memcached.max-item-size
      [max_item_size: <int> | default = 1048576]

    # Size of each subrange that bucket object is split into for better caching.
    # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.chunks-cache.subrange-size
    [subrange_size: <int> | default = 16000]

    # Maximum number of sub-GetRange requests that a single GetRange request can
    # be split into when fetching chunks. Zero or negative value = unlimited
    # number of sub-requests.
    # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.chunks-cache.max-get-range-requests
    [max_get_range_requests: <int> | default = 3]

    # TTL for caching object attributes for chunks.
    # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.chunks-cache.attributes-ttl
    [attributes_ttl: <duration> | default = 168h]

    # TTL for caching individual chunks subranges.
    # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.chunks-cache.subrange-ttl
    [subrange_ttl: <duration> | default = 24h]

  metadata_cache:
    # Backend for metadata cache, if not empty. Supported values: memcached.
    # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.metadata-cache.backend
    [backend: <string> | default = ""]

    memcached:
      # Comma separated list of memcached addresses. Supported prefixes are:
      # dns+ (looked up as an A/AAAA query), dnssrv+ (looked up as a SRV query,
      # dnssrvnoa+ (looked up as a SRV query, with no A/AAAA lookup made after
      # that).
      # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.metadata-cache.memcached.addresses
      [addresses: <string> | default = ""]

      # The socket read/write timeout.
      # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.metadata-cache.memcached.timeout
      [timeout: <duration> | default = 100ms]

      # The maximum number of idle connections that will be maintained per
      # address.
      # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.metadata-cache.memcached.max-idle-connections
      [max_idle_connections: <int> | default = 16]

      # The maximum number of concurrent asynchronous operations can occur.
      # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.metadata-cache.memcached.max-async-concurrency
      [max_async_concurrency: <int> | default = 50]

      # The maximum number of enqueued asynchronous operations allowed.
      # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.metadata-cache.memcached.max-async-buffer-size
      [max_async_buffer_size: <int> | default = 10000]

      # The maximum number of concurrent connections running get operations. If
      # set to 0, concurrency is unlimited.
      # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.metadata-cache.memcached.max-get-multi-concurrency
      [max_get_multi_concurrency: <int> | default = 100]

      # The maximum number of keys a single underlying get operation should run.
      # If more keys are specified, internally keys are split into multiple
      # batches and fetched concurrently, honoring the max concurrency. If set
      # to 0, the max batch size is unlimited.
      # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.metadata-cache.memcached.max-get-multi-batch-size
      [max_get_multi_batch_size: <int> | default = 0]

      # The maximum size of an item stored in memcached. Bigger items are not
      # stored. If set to 0, no maximum size is enforced.
      # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.metadata-cache.memcached.max-item-size
      [max_item_size: <int> | default = 1048576]

    # How long to cache list of tenants in the bucket.
    # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.metadata-cache.tenants-list-ttl
    [tenants_list_ttl: <duration> | default = 15m]

    # How long to cache list of blocks for each tenant.
    # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.metadata-cache.tenant-blocks-list-ttl
    [tenant_blocks_list_ttl: <duration> | default = 5m]

    # How long to cache list of chunks for a block.
    # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.metadata-cache.chunks-list-ttl
    [chunks_list_ttl: <duration> | default = 24h]

    # How long to cache information that block metafile exists. Also used for
    # user deletion mark file.
    # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.metadata-cache.metafile-exists-ttl
    [metafile_exists_ttl: <duration> | default = 2h]

    # How long to cache information that block metafile doesn't exist. Also used
    # for user deletion mark file.
    # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.metadata-cache.metafile-doesnt-exist-ttl
    [metafile_doesnt_exist_ttl: <duration> | default = 5m]

    # How long to cache content of the metafile.
    # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.metadata-cache.metafile-content-ttl
    [metafile_content_ttl: <duration> | default = 24h]

    # Maximum size of metafile content to cache in bytes. Caching will be
    # skipped if the content exceeds this size. This is useful to avoid network
    # round trip for large content if the configured caching backend has an hard
    # limit on cached items size (in this case, you should set this limit to the
    # same limit in the caching backend).
    # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.metadata-cache.metafile-max-size-bytes
    [metafile_max_size_bytes: <int> | default = 1048576]

    # How long to cache attributes of the block metafile.
    # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.metadata-cache.metafile-attributes-ttl
    [metafile_attributes_ttl: <duration> | default = 168h]

    # How long to cache attributes of the block index.
    # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.metadata-cache.block-index-attributes-ttl
    [block_index_attributes_ttl: <duration> | default = 168h]

    # How long to cache content of the bucket index.
    # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.metadata-cache.bucket-index-content-ttl
    [bucket_index_content_ttl: <duration> | default = 5m]

    # Maximum size of bucket index content to cache in bytes. Caching will be
    # skipped if the content exceeds this size. This is useful to avoid network
    # round trip for large content if the configured caching backend has an hard
    # limit on cached items size (in this case, you should set this limit to the
    # same limit in the caching backend).
    # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.metadata-cache.bucket-index-max-size-bytes
    [bucket_index_max_size_bytes: <int> | default = 1048576]

  # Duration after which the blocks marked for deletion will be filtered out
  # while fetching blocks. The idea of ignore-deletion-marks-delay is to ignore
  # blocks that are marked for deletion with some delay. This ensures store can
  # still serve blocks that are meant to be deleted but do not have a
  # replacement yet. Default is 6h, half of the default value for
  # -compactor.deletion-delay.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.ignore-deletion-marks-delay
  [ignore_deletion_mark_delay: <duration> | default = 6h]

  bucket_index:
    # True to enable querier and store-gateway to discover blocks in the storage
    # via bucket index instead of bucket scanning.
    # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.bucket-index.enabled
    [enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

    # How frequently a bucket index, which previously failed to load, should be
    # tried to load again. This option is used only by querier.
    # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.bucket-index.update-on-error-interval
    [update_on_error_interval: <duration> | default = 1m]

    # How long a unused bucket index should be cached. Once this timeout
    # expires, the unused bucket index is removed from the in-memory cache. This
    # option is used only by querier.
    # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.bucket-index.idle-timeout
    [idle_timeout: <duration> | default = 1h]

    # The maximum allowed age of a bucket index (last updated) before queries
    # start failing because the bucket index is too old. The bucket index is
    # periodically updated by the compactor, while this check is enforced in the
    # querier (at query time).
    # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.bucket-index.max-stale-period
    [max_stale_period: <duration> | default = 1h]

  # Max size - in bytes - of a chunks pool, used to reduce memory allocations.
  # The pool is shared across all tenants. 0 to disable the limit.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.max-chunk-pool-bytes
  [max_chunk_pool_bytes: <int> | default = 2147483648]

  # If enabled, store-gateway will lazy load an index-header only once required
  # by a query.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.index-header-lazy-loading-enabled
  [index_header_lazy_loading_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

  # If index-header lazy loading is enabled and this setting is > 0, the
  # store-gateway will offload unused index-headers after 'idle timeout'
  # inactivity.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-store.index-header-lazy-loading-idle-timeout
  [index_header_lazy_loading_idle_timeout: <duration> | default = 20m]

tsdb:
  # Local directory to store TSDBs in the ingesters.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.tsdb.dir
  [dir: <string> | default = "tsdb"]

  # TSDB blocks range period.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.tsdb.block-ranges-period
  [block_ranges_period: <list of duration> | default = 2h0m0s]

  # TSDB blocks retention in the ingester before a block is removed. This should
  # be larger than the block_ranges_period and large enough to give
  # store-gateways and queriers enough time to discover newly uploaded blocks.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.tsdb.retention-period
  [retention_period: <duration> | default = 6h]

  # How frequently the TSDB blocks are scanned and new ones are shipped to the
  # storage. 0 means shipping is disabled.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.tsdb.ship-interval
  [ship_interval: <duration> | default = 1m]

  # Maximum number of tenants concurrently shipping blocks to the storage.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.tsdb.ship-concurrency
  [ship_concurrency: <int> | default = 10]

  # How frequently ingesters try to compact TSDB head. Block is only created if
  # data covers smallest block range. Must be greater than 0 and max 5 minutes.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.tsdb.head-compaction-interval
  [head_compaction_interval: <duration> | default = 1m]

  # Maximum number of tenants concurrently compacting TSDB head into a new block
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.tsdb.head-compaction-concurrency
  [head_compaction_concurrency: <int> | default = 5]

  # If TSDB head is idle for this duration, it is compacted. Note that up to 25%
  # jitter is added to the value to avoid ingesters compacting concurrently. 0
  # means disabled.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.tsdb.head-compaction-idle-timeout
  [head_compaction_idle_timeout: <duration> | default = 1h]

  # The write buffer size used by the head chunks mapper. Lower values reduce
  # memory utilisation on clusters with a large number of tenants at the cost of
  # increased disk I/O operations.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.tsdb.head-chunks-write-buffer-size-bytes
  [head_chunks_write_buffer_size_bytes: <int> | default = 4194304]

  # The number of shards of series to use in TSDB (must be a power of 2).
  # Reducing this will decrease memory footprint, but can negatively impact
  # performance.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.tsdb.stripe-size
  [stripe_size: <int> | default = 16384]

  # True to enable TSDB WAL compression.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.tsdb.wal-compression-enabled
  [wal_compression_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

  # TSDB WAL segments files max size (bytes).
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.tsdb.wal-segment-size-bytes
  [wal_segment_size_bytes: <int> | default = 134217728]

  # True to flush blocks to storage on shutdown. If false, incomplete blocks
  # will be reused after restart.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.tsdb.flush-blocks-on-shutdown
  [flush_blocks_on_shutdown: <boolean> | default = false]

  # If TSDB has not received any data for this duration, and all blocks from
  # TSDB have been shipped, TSDB is closed and deleted from local disk. If set
  # to positive value, this value should be equal or higher than
  # -querier.query-ingesters-within flag to make sure that TSDB is not closed
  # prematurely, which could cause partial query results. 0 or negative value
  # disables closing of idle TSDB.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.tsdb.close-idle-tsdb-timeout
  [close_idle_tsdb_timeout: <duration> | default = 0s]

  # limit the number of concurrently opening TSDB's on startup
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.tsdb.max-tsdb-opening-concurrency-on-startup
  [max_tsdb_opening_concurrency_on_startup: <int> | default = 10]

  # Enables support for exemplars in TSDB and sets the maximum number that will
  # be stored. 0 or less means disabled.
  # CLI flag: -blocks-storage.tsdb.max-exemplars
  [max_exemplars: <int> | default = 0]

# Rate limit (per second), if set <= 0 rate limiting is disabled.
# CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-rate-limit.limit
[bucket_rate_limit: <float> | default = 0]

# Burst size
# CLI flag: -blocks-storage.bucket-rate-limit.burst
[bucket_rate_limit_burst: <int> | default = 1]

compactor_config

The compactor_config configures the compactor for the blocks storage.

# List of compaction time ranges.
# CLI flag: -compactor.block-ranges
[block_ranges: <list of duration> | default = 2h0m0s,12h0m0s,24h0m0s]

# Number of Go routines to use when syncing block index and chunks files from
# the long term storage.
# CLI flag: -compactor.block-sync-concurrency
[block_sync_concurrency: <int> | default = 20]

# Number of Go routines to use when syncing block meta files from the long term
# storage.
# CLI flag: -compactor.meta-sync-concurrency
[meta_sync_concurrency: <int> | default = 20]

# Minimum age of fresh (non-compacted) blocks before they are being processed.
# Malformed blocks older than the maximum of consistency-delay and 48h0m0s will
# be removed.
# CLI flag: -compactor.consistency-delay
[consistency_delay: <duration> | default = 0s]

# Data directory in which to cache blocks and process compactions
# CLI flag: -compactor.data-dir
[data_dir: <string> | default = "./data"]

# The frequency at which the compaction runs
# CLI flag: -compactor.compaction-interval
[compaction_interval: <duration> | default = 1h]

# How many times to retry a failed compaction within a single compaction run.
# CLI flag: -compactor.compaction-retries
[compaction_retries: <int> | default = 3]

# Max number of concurrent compactions running.
# CLI flag: -compactor.compaction-concurrency
[compaction_concurrency: <int> | default = 1]

# How frequently compactor should run blocks cleanup and maintenance, as well as
# update the bucket index.
# CLI flag: -compactor.cleanup-interval
[cleanup_interval: <duration> | default = 15m]

# Max number of tenants for which blocks cleanup and maintenance should run
# concurrently.
# CLI flag: -compactor.cleanup-concurrency
[cleanup_concurrency: <int> | default = 20]

# Time before a block marked for deletion is deleted from bucket. If not 0,
# blocks will be marked for deletion and compactor component will permanently
# delete blocks marked for deletion from the bucket. If 0, blocks will be
# deleted straight away. Note that deleting blocks immediately can cause query
# failures.
# CLI flag: -compactor.deletion-delay
[deletion_delay: <duration> | default = 12h]

# For tenants marked for deletion, this is time between deleting of last block,
# and doing final cleanup (marker files, debug files) of the tenant.
# CLI flag: -compactor.tenant-cleanup-delay
[tenant_cleanup_delay: <duration> | default = 6h]

# When enabled, at compactor startup the bucket will be scanned and all found
# deletion marks inside the block location will be copied to the markers global
# location too. This option can (and should) be safely disabled as soon as the
# compactor has successfully run at least once.
# CLI flag: -compactor.block-deletion-marks-migration-enabled
[block_deletion_marks_migration_enabled: <boolean> | default = true]

# Comma separated list of tenants that can be compacted. If specified, only
# these tenants will be compacted by compactor, otherwise all tenants can be
# compacted. Subject to sharding.
# CLI flag: -compactor.enabled-tenants
[enabled_tenants: <string> | default = ""]

# Comma separated list of tenants that cannot be compacted by this compactor. If
# specified, and compactor would normally pick given tenant for compaction (via
# -compactor.enabled-tenants or sharding), it will be ignored instead.
# CLI flag: -compactor.disabled-tenants
[disabled_tenants: <string> | default = ""]

# Shard tenants across multiple compactor instances. Sharding is required if you
# run multiple compactor instances, in order to coordinate compactions and avoid
# race conditions leading to the same tenant blocks simultaneously compacted by
# different instances.
# CLI flag: -compactor.sharding-enabled
[sharding_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

sharding_ring:
  kvstore:
    # Backend storage to use for the ring. Supported values are: consul, etcd,
    # inmemory, memberlist, multi.
    # CLI flag: -compactor.ring.store
    [store: <string> | default = "consul"]

    # The prefix for the keys in the store. Should end with a /.
    # CLI flag: -compactor.ring.prefix
    [prefix: <string> | default = "collectors/"]

    # The consul_config configures the consul client.
    # The CLI flags prefix for this block config is: compactor.ring
    [consul: <consul_config>]

    # The etcd_config configures the etcd client.
    # The CLI flags prefix for this block config is: compactor.ring
    [etcd: <etcd_config>]

    multi:
      # Primary backend storage used by multi-client.
      # CLI flag: -compactor.ring.multi.primary
      [primary: <string> | default = ""]

      # Secondary backend storage used by multi-client.
      # CLI flag: -compactor.ring.multi.secondary
      [secondary: <string> | default = ""]

      # Mirror writes to secondary store.
      # CLI flag: -compactor.ring.multi.mirror-enabled
      [mirror_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

      # Timeout for storing value to secondary store.
      # CLI flag: -compactor.ring.multi.mirror-timeout
      [mirror_timeout: <duration> | default = 2s]

  # Period at which to heartbeat to the ring. 0 = disabled.
  # CLI flag: -compactor.ring.heartbeat-period
  [heartbeat_period: <duration> | default = 5s]

  # The heartbeat timeout after which compactors are considered unhealthy within
  # the ring. 0 = never (timeout disabled).
  # CLI flag: -compactor.ring.heartbeat-timeout
  [heartbeat_timeout: <duration> | default = 1m]

  # Minimum time to wait for ring stability at startup. 0 to disable.
  # CLI flag: -compactor.ring.wait-stability-min-duration
  [wait_stability_min_duration: <duration> | default = 1m]

  # Maximum time to wait for ring stability at startup. If the compactor ring
  # keeps changing after this period of time, the compactor will start anyway.
  # CLI flag: -compactor.ring.wait-stability-max-duration
  [wait_stability_max_duration: <duration> | default = 5m]

  # Name of network interface to read address from.
  # CLI flag: -compactor.ring.instance-interface-names
  [instance_interface_names: <list of string> | default = [eth0 en0]]

  # Timeout for waiting on compactor to become ACTIVE in the ring.
  # CLI flag: -compactor.ring.wait-active-instance-timeout
  [wait_active_instance_timeout: <duration> | default = 10m]

# The sharding strategy to use. Supported values are: default, time-sharding.
# CLI flag: -compactor.sharding-strategy
[sharding_strategy: <string> | default = "default"]

store_gateway_config

The store_gateway_config configures the store-gateway service used by the blocks storage.

# Shard blocks across multiple store gateway instances. This option needs be set
# both on the store-gateway and querier when running in microservices mode.
# CLI flag: -store-gateway.sharding-enabled
[sharding_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

# The hash ring configuration. This option is required only if blocks sharding
# is enabled.
sharding_ring:
  # The key-value store used to share the hash ring across multiple instances.
  # This option needs be set both on the store-gateway and querier when running
  # in microservices mode.
  kvstore:
    # Backend storage to use for the ring. Supported values are: consul, etcd,
    # inmemory, memberlist, multi.
    # CLI flag: -store-gateway.sharding-ring.store
    [store: <string> | default = "consul"]

    # The prefix for the keys in the store. Should end with a /.
    # CLI flag: -store-gateway.sharding-ring.prefix
    [prefix: <string> | default = "collectors/"]

    # The consul_config configures the consul client.
    # The CLI flags prefix for this block config is: store-gateway.sharding-ring
    [consul: <consul_config>]

    # The etcd_config configures the etcd client.
    # The CLI flags prefix for this block config is: store-gateway.sharding-ring
    [etcd: <etcd_config>]

    multi:
      # Primary backend storage used by multi-client.
      # CLI flag: -store-gateway.sharding-ring.multi.primary
      [primary: <string> | default = ""]

      # Secondary backend storage used by multi-client.
      # CLI flag: -store-gateway.sharding-ring.multi.secondary
      [secondary: <string> | default = ""]

      # Mirror writes to secondary store.
      # CLI flag: -store-gateway.sharding-ring.multi.mirror-enabled
      [mirror_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

      # Timeout for storing value to secondary store.
      # CLI flag: -store-gateway.sharding-ring.multi.mirror-timeout
      [mirror_timeout: <duration> | default = 2s]

  # Period at which to heartbeat to the ring. 0 = disabled.
  # CLI flag: -store-gateway.sharding-ring.heartbeat-period
  [heartbeat_period: <duration> | default = 15s]

  # The heartbeat timeout after which store gateways are considered unhealthy
  # within the ring. 0 = never (timeout disabled). This option needs be set both
  # on the store-gateway and querier when running in microservices mode.
  # CLI flag: -store-gateway.sharding-ring.heartbeat-timeout
  [heartbeat_timeout: <duration> | default = 1m]

  # The replication factor to use when sharding blocks. This option needs be set
  # both on the store-gateway and querier when running in microservices mode.
  # CLI flag: -store-gateway.sharding-ring.replication-factor
  [replication_factor: <int> | default = 3]

  # File path where tokens are stored. If empty, tokens are not stored at
  # shutdown and restored at startup.
  # CLI flag: -store-gateway.sharding-ring.tokens-file-path
  [tokens_file_path: <string> | default = ""]

  # True to enable zone-awareness and replicate blocks across different
  # availability zones.
  # CLI flag: -store-gateway.sharding-ring.zone-awareness-enabled
  [zone_awareness_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

  # Minimum time to wait for ring stability at startup. 0 to disable.
  # CLI flag: -store-gateway.sharding-ring.wait-stability-min-duration
  [wait_stability_min_duration: <duration> | default = 1m]

  # Maximum time to wait for ring stability at startup. If the store-gateway
  # ring keeps changing after this period of time, the store-gateway will start
  # anyway.
  # CLI flag: -store-gateway.sharding-ring.wait-stability-max-duration
  [wait_stability_max_duration: <duration> | default = 5m]

  # Name of network interface to read address from.
  # CLI flag: -store-gateway.sharding-ring.instance-interface-names
  [instance_interface_names: <list of string> | default = [eth0 en0]]

  # The availability zone where this instance is running. Required if
  # zone-awareness is enabled.
  # CLI flag: -store-gateway.sharding-ring.instance-availability-zone
  [instance_availability_zone: <string> | default = ""]

# The sharding strategy to use. Supported values are: default, shuffle-sharding.
# CLI flag: -store-gateway.sharding-strategy
[sharding_strategy: <string> | default = "default"]

purger_config

The purger_config configures the purger which takes care of delete requests.

# Enable purger to allow deletion of series. Be aware that Delete series feature
# is still experimental
# CLI flag: -purger.enable
[enable: <boolean> | default = false]

# Number of workers executing delete plans in parallel
# CLI flag: -purger.num-workers
[num_workers: <int> | default = 2]

# Name of the object store to use for storing delete plans
# CLI flag: -purger.object-store-type
[object_store_type: <string> | default = ""]

# Allow cancellation of delete request until duration after they are created.
# Data would be deleted only after delete requests have been older than this
# duration. Ideally this should be set to at least 24h.
# CLI flag: -purger.delete-request-cancel-period
[delete_request_cancel_period: <duration> | default = 24h]

s3_sse_config

The s3_sse_config configures the S3 server-side encryption. The supported CLI flags <prefix> used to reference this config block are:

  • no prefix
  • admin.client
  • alertmanager-storage
  • alertmanager.storage
  • blocks-storage
  • graphite.querier.schemas
  • ruler-storage
  • ruler.storage
# Enable AWS Server Side Encryption. Supported values: SSE-KMS, SSE-S3.
# CLI flag: -<prefix>.s3.sse.type
[type: <string> | default = ""]

# KMS Key ID used to encrypt objects in S3
# CLI flag: -<prefix>.s3.sse.kms-key-id
[kms_key_id: <string> | default = ""]

# KMS Encryption Context used for object encryption. It expects JSON formatted
# string.
# CLI flag: -<prefix>.s3.sse.kms-encryption-context
[kms_encryption_context: <string> | default = ""]

table_manager_config

The table_manager_config configures the GEM table-manager.

# If true, disable all changes to DB capacity
# CLI flag: -table-manager.throughput-updates-disabled
[throughput_updates_disabled: <boolean> | default = false]

# If true, enables retention deletes of DB tables
# CLI flag: -table-manager.retention-deletes-enabled
[retention_deletes_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

# Tables older than this retention period are deleted. Must be either 0
# (disabled) or a multiple of 24h. When enabled, be aware this setting is
# destructive to data!
# CLI flag: -table-manager.retention-period
[retention_period: <duration> | default = 0s]

# How frequently to poll backend to learn our capacity.
# CLI flag: -table-manager.poll-interval
[poll_interval: <duration> | default = 2m]

# Periodic tables grace period (duration which table will be created/deleted
# before/after it's needed).
# CLI flag: -table-manager.periodic-table.grace-period
[creation_grace_period: <duration> | default = 10m]

index_tables_provisioning:
  # Enables on demand throughput provisioning for the storage provider (if
  # supported). Applies only to tables which are not autoscaled. Supported by
  # DynamoDB
  # CLI flag: -table-manager.index-table.enable-ondemand-throughput-mode
  [enable_ondemand_throughput_mode: <boolean> | default = false]

  # Table default write throughput. Supported by DynamoDB
  # CLI flag: -table-manager.index-table.write-throughput
  [provisioned_write_throughput: <int> | default = 1000]

  # Table default read throughput. Supported by DynamoDB
  # CLI flag: -table-manager.index-table.read-throughput
  [provisioned_read_throughput: <int> | default = 300]

  write_scale:
    # Should we enable autoscale for the table.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.index-table.write-throughput.scale.enabled
    [enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

    # AWS AutoScaling role ARN
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.index-table.write-throughput.scale.role-arn
    [role_arn: <string> | default = ""]

    # DynamoDB minimum provision capacity.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.index-table.write-throughput.scale.min-capacity
    [min_capacity: <int> | default = 3000]

    # DynamoDB maximum provision capacity.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.index-table.write-throughput.scale.max-capacity
    [max_capacity: <int> | default = 6000]

    # DynamoDB minimum seconds between each autoscale up.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.index-table.write-throughput.scale.out-cooldown
    [out_cooldown: <int> | default = 1800]

    # DynamoDB minimum seconds between each autoscale down.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.index-table.write-throughput.scale.in-cooldown
    [in_cooldown: <int> | default = 1800]

    # DynamoDB target ratio of consumed capacity to provisioned capacity.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.index-table.write-throughput.scale.target-value
    [target: <float> | default = 80]

  read_scale:
    # Should we enable autoscale for the table.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.index-table.read-throughput.scale.enabled
    [enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

    # AWS AutoScaling role ARN
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.index-table.read-throughput.scale.role-arn
    [role_arn: <string> | default = ""]

    # DynamoDB minimum provision capacity.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.index-table.read-throughput.scale.min-capacity
    [min_capacity: <int> | default = 3000]

    # DynamoDB maximum provision capacity.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.index-table.read-throughput.scale.max-capacity
    [max_capacity: <int> | default = 6000]

    # DynamoDB minimum seconds between each autoscale up.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.index-table.read-throughput.scale.out-cooldown
    [out_cooldown: <int> | default = 1800]

    # DynamoDB minimum seconds between each autoscale down.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.index-table.read-throughput.scale.in-cooldown
    [in_cooldown: <int> | default = 1800]

    # DynamoDB target ratio of consumed capacity to provisioned capacity.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.index-table.read-throughput.scale.target-value
    [target: <float> | default = 80]

  # Enables on demand throughput provisioning for the storage provider (if
  # supported). Applies only to tables which are not autoscaled. Supported by
  # DynamoDB
  # CLI flag: -table-manager.index-table.inactive-enable-ondemand-throughput-mode
  [enable_inactive_throughput_on_demand_mode: <boolean> | default = false]

  # Table write throughput for inactive tables. Supported by DynamoDB
  # CLI flag: -table-manager.index-table.inactive-write-throughput
  [inactive_write_throughput: <int> | default = 1]

  # Table read throughput for inactive tables. Supported by DynamoDB
  # CLI flag: -table-manager.index-table.inactive-read-throughput
  [inactive_read_throughput: <int> | default = 300]

  inactive_write_scale:
    # Should we enable autoscale for the table.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.index-table.inactive-write-throughput.scale.enabled
    [enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

    # AWS AutoScaling role ARN
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.index-table.inactive-write-throughput.scale.role-arn
    [role_arn: <string> | default = ""]

    # DynamoDB minimum provision capacity.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.index-table.inactive-write-throughput.scale.min-capacity
    [min_capacity: <int> | default = 3000]

    # DynamoDB maximum provision capacity.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.index-table.inactive-write-throughput.scale.max-capacity
    [max_capacity: <int> | default = 6000]

    # DynamoDB minimum seconds between each autoscale up.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.index-table.inactive-write-throughput.scale.out-cooldown
    [out_cooldown: <int> | default = 1800]

    # DynamoDB minimum seconds between each autoscale down.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.index-table.inactive-write-throughput.scale.in-cooldown
    [in_cooldown: <int> | default = 1800]

    # DynamoDB target ratio of consumed capacity to provisioned capacity.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.index-table.inactive-write-throughput.scale.target-value
    [target: <float> | default = 80]

  inactive_read_scale:
    # Should we enable autoscale for the table.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.index-table.inactive-read-throughput.scale.enabled
    [enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

    # AWS AutoScaling role ARN
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.index-table.inactive-read-throughput.scale.role-arn
    [role_arn: <string> | default = ""]

    # DynamoDB minimum provision capacity.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.index-table.inactive-read-throughput.scale.min-capacity
    [min_capacity: <int> | default = 3000]

    # DynamoDB maximum provision capacity.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.index-table.inactive-read-throughput.scale.max-capacity
    [max_capacity: <int> | default = 6000]

    # DynamoDB minimum seconds between each autoscale up.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.index-table.inactive-read-throughput.scale.out-cooldown
    [out_cooldown: <int> | default = 1800]

    # DynamoDB minimum seconds between each autoscale down.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.index-table.inactive-read-throughput.scale.in-cooldown
    [in_cooldown: <int> | default = 1800]

    # DynamoDB target ratio of consumed capacity to provisioned capacity.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.index-table.inactive-read-throughput.scale.target-value
    [target: <float> | default = 80]

  # Number of last inactive tables to enable write autoscale.
  # CLI flag: -table-manager.index-table.inactive-write-throughput.scale-last-n
  [inactive_write_scale_lastn: <int> | default = 4]

  # Number of last inactive tables to enable read autoscale.
  # CLI flag: -table-manager.index-table.inactive-read-throughput.scale-last-n
  [inactive_read_scale_lastn: <int> | default = 4]

chunk_tables_provisioning:
  # Enables on demand throughput provisioning for the storage provider (if
  # supported). Applies only to tables which are not autoscaled. Supported by
  # DynamoDB
  # CLI flag: -table-manager.chunk-table.enable-ondemand-throughput-mode
  [enable_ondemand_throughput_mode: <boolean> | default = false]

  # Table default write throughput. Supported by DynamoDB
  # CLI flag: -table-manager.chunk-table.write-throughput
  [provisioned_write_throughput: <int> | default = 1000]

  # Table default read throughput. Supported by DynamoDB
  # CLI flag: -table-manager.chunk-table.read-throughput
  [provisioned_read_throughput: <int> | default = 300]

  write_scale:
    # Should we enable autoscale for the table.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.chunk-table.write-throughput.scale.enabled
    [enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

    # AWS AutoScaling role ARN
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.chunk-table.write-throughput.scale.role-arn
    [role_arn: <string> | default = ""]

    # DynamoDB minimum provision capacity.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.chunk-table.write-throughput.scale.min-capacity
    [min_capacity: <int> | default = 3000]

    # DynamoDB maximum provision capacity.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.chunk-table.write-throughput.scale.max-capacity
    [max_capacity: <int> | default = 6000]

    # DynamoDB minimum seconds between each autoscale up.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.chunk-table.write-throughput.scale.out-cooldown
    [out_cooldown: <int> | default = 1800]

    # DynamoDB minimum seconds between each autoscale down.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.chunk-table.write-throughput.scale.in-cooldown
    [in_cooldown: <int> | default = 1800]

    # DynamoDB target ratio of consumed capacity to provisioned capacity.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.chunk-table.write-throughput.scale.target-value
    [target: <float> | default = 80]

  read_scale:
    # Should we enable autoscale for the table.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.chunk-table.read-throughput.scale.enabled
    [enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

    # AWS AutoScaling role ARN
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.chunk-table.read-throughput.scale.role-arn
    [role_arn: <string> | default = ""]

    # DynamoDB minimum provision capacity.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.chunk-table.read-throughput.scale.min-capacity
    [min_capacity: <int> | default = 3000]

    # DynamoDB maximum provision capacity.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.chunk-table.read-throughput.scale.max-capacity
    [max_capacity: <int> | default = 6000]

    # DynamoDB minimum seconds between each autoscale up.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.chunk-table.read-throughput.scale.out-cooldown
    [out_cooldown: <int> | default = 1800]

    # DynamoDB minimum seconds between each autoscale down.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.chunk-table.read-throughput.scale.in-cooldown
    [in_cooldown: <int> | default = 1800]

    # DynamoDB target ratio of consumed capacity to provisioned capacity.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.chunk-table.read-throughput.scale.target-value
    [target: <float> | default = 80]

  # Enables on demand throughput provisioning for the storage provider (if
  # supported). Applies only to tables which are not autoscaled. Supported by
  # DynamoDB
  # CLI flag: -table-manager.chunk-table.inactive-enable-ondemand-throughput-mode
  [enable_inactive_throughput_on_demand_mode: <boolean> | default = false]

  # Table write throughput for inactive tables. Supported by DynamoDB
  # CLI flag: -table-manager.chunk-table.inactive-write-throughput
  [inactive_write_throughput: <int> | default = 1]

  # Table read throughput for inactive tables. Supported by DynamoDB
  # CLI flag: -table-manager.chunk-table.inactive-read-throughput
  [inactive_read_throughput: <int> | default = 300]

  inactive_write_scale:
    # Should we enable autoscale for the table.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.chunk-table.inactive-write-throughput.scale.enabled
    [enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

    # AWS AutoScaling role ARN
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.chunk-table.inactive-write-throughput.scale.role-arn
    [role_arn: <string> | default = ""]

    # DynamoDB minimum provision capacity.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.chunk-table.inactive-write-throughput.scale.min-capacity
    [min_capacity: <int> | default = 3000]

    # DynamoDB maximum provision capacity.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.chunk-table.inactive-write-throughput.scale.max-capacity
    [max_capacity: <int> | default = 6000]

    # DynamoDB minimum seconds between each autoscale up.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.chunk-table.inactive-write-throughput.scale.out-cooldown
    [out_cooldown: <int> | default = 1800]

    # DynamoDB minimum seconds between each autoscale down.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.chunk-table.inactive-write-throughput.scale.in-cooldown
    [in_cooldown: <int> | default = 1800]

    # DynamoDB target ratio of consumed capacity to provisioned capacity.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.chunk-table.inactive-write-throughput.scale.target-value
    [target: <float> | default = 80]

  inactive_read_scale:
    # Should we enable autoscale for the table.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.chunk-table.inactive-read-throughput.scale.enabled
    [enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

    # AWS AutoScaling role ARN
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.chunk-table.inactive-read-throughput.scale.role-arn
    [role_arn: <string> | default = ""]

    # DynamoDB minimum provision capacity.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.chunk-table.inactive-read-throughput.scale.min-capacity
    [min_capacity: <int> | default = 3000]

    # DynamoDB maximum provision capacity.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.chunk-table.inactive-read-throughput.scale.max-capacity
    [max_capacity: <int> | default = 6000]

    # DynamoDB minimum seconds between each autoscale up.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.chunk-table.inactive-read-throughput.scale.out-cooldown
    [out_cooldown: <int> | default = 1800]

    # DynamoDB minimum seconds between each autoscale down.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.chunk-table.inactive-read-throughput.scale.in-cooldown
    [in_cooldown: <int> | default = 1800]

    # DynamoDB target ratio of consumed capacity to provisioned capacity.
    # CLI flag: -table-manager.chunk-table.inactive-read-throughput.scale.target-value
    [target: <float> | default = 80]

  # Number of last inactive tables to enable write autoscale.
  # CLI flag: -table-manager.chunk-table.inactive-write-throughput.scale-last-n
  [inactive_write_scale_lastn: <int> | default = 4]

  # Number of last inactive tables to enable read autoscale.
  # CLI flag: -table-manager.chunk-table.inactive-read-throughput.scale-last-n
  [inactive_read_scale_lastn: <int> | default = 4]

storage_config

The storage_config configures where GEM stores the data (chunks storage engine).

# The storage engine to use: chunks (deprecated) or blocks.
# CLI flag: -store.engine
[engine: <string> | default = "chunks"]

aws:
  dynamodb:
    # DynamoDB endpoint URL with escaped Key and Secret encoded. If only region
    # is specified as a host, proper endpoint will be deduced. Use
    # inmemory:///<table-name> to use a mock in-memory implementation.
    # CLI flag: -dynamodb.url
    [dynamodb_url: <url> | default = ]

    # DynamoDB table management requests per second limit.
    # CLI flag: -dynamodb.api-limit
    [api_limit: <float> | default = 2]

    # DynamoDB rate cap to back off when throttled.
    # CLI flag: -dynamodb.throttle-limit
    [throttle_limit: <float> | default = 10]

    metrics:
      # Use metrics-based autoscaling, via this query URL
      # CLI flag: -metrics.url
      [url: <string> | default = ""]

      # Queue length above which we will scale up capacity
      # CLI flag: -metrics.target-queue-length
      [target_queue_length: <int> | default = 100000]

      # Scale up capacity by this multiple
      # CLI flag: -metrics.scale-up-factor
      [scale_up_factor: <float> | default = 1.3]

      # Ignore throttling below this level (rate per second)
      # CLI flag: -metrics.ignore-throttle-below
      [ignore_throttle_below: <float> | default = 1]

      # query to fetch ingester queue length
      # CLI flag: -metrics.queue-length-query
      [queue_length_query: <string> | default = "sum(avg_over_time(cortex_ingester_flush_queue_length{job=\"cortex/ingester\"}[2m]))"]

      # query to fetch throttle rates per table
      # CLI flag: -metrics.write-throttle-query
      [write_throttle_query: <string> | default = "sum(rate(cortex_dynamo_throttled_total{operation=\"DynamoDB.BatchWriteItem\"}[1m])) by (table) > 0"]

      # query to fetch write capacity usage per table
      # CLI flag: -metrics.usage-query
      [write_usage_query: <string> | default = "sum(rate(cortex_dynamo_consumed_capacity_total{operation=\"DynamoDB.BatchWriteItem\"}[15m])) by (table) > 0"]

      # query to fetch read capacity usage per table
      # CLI flag: -metrics.read-usage-query
      [read_usage_query: <string> | default = "sum(rate(cortex_dynamo_consumed_capacity_total{operation=\"DynamoDB.QueryPages\"}[1h])) by (table) > 0"]

      # query to fetch read errors per table
      # CLI flag: -metrics.read-error-query
      [read_error_query: <string> | default = "sum(increase(cortex_dynamo_failures_total{operation=\"DynamoDB.QueryPages\",error=\"ProvisionedThroughputExceededException\"}[1m])) by (table) > 0"]

    # Number of chunks to group together to parallelise fetches (zero to
    # disable)
    # CLI flag: -dynamodb.chunk-gang-size
    [chunk_gang_size: <int> | default = 10]

    # Max number of chunk-get operations to start in parallel
    # CLI flag: -dynamodb.chunk.get-max-parallelism
    [chunk_get_max_parallelism: <int> | default = 32]

    backoff_config:
      # Minimum backoff time
      # CLI flag: -dynamodb.min-backoff
      [min_period: <duration> | default = 100ms]

      # Maximum backoff time
      # CLI flag: -dynamodb.max-backoff
      [max_period: <duration> | default = 50s]

      # Maximum number of times to retry an operation
      # CLI flag: -dynamodb.max-retries
      [max_retries: <int> | default = 20]

  # S3 endpoint URL with escaped Key and Secret encoded. If only region is
  # specified as a host, proper endpoint will be deduced. Use
  # inmemory:///<bucket-name> to use a mock in-memory implementation.
  # CLI flag: -s3.url
  [s3: <url> | default = ]

  # Set this to `true` to force the request to use path-style addressing.
  # CLI flag: -s3.force-path-style
  [s3forcepathstyle: <boolean> | default = false]

  # Comma separated list of bucket names to evenly distribute chunks over.
  # Overrides any buckets specified in s3.url flag
  # CLI flag: -s3.buckets
  [bucketnames: <string> | default = ""]

  # S3 Endpoint to connect to.
  # CLI flag: -s3.endpoint
  [endpoint: <string> | default = ""]

  # AWS region to use.
  # CLI flag: -s3.region
  [region: <string> | default = ""]

  # AWS Access Key ID
  # CLI flag: -s3.access-key-id
  [access_key_id: <string> | default = ""]

  # AWS Secret Access Key
  # CLI flag: -s3.secret-access-key
  [secret_access_key: <string> | default = ""]

  # Disable https on s3 connection.
  # CLI flag: -s3.insecure
  [insecure: <boolean> | default = false]

  # Enable AWS Server Side Encryption [Deprecated: Use .sse instead. if
  # s3.sse-encryption is enabled, it assumes .sse.type SSE-S3]
  # CLI flag: -s3.sse-encryption
  [sse_encryption: <boolean> | default = false]

  http_config:
    # The maximum amount of time an idle connection will be held open.
    # CLI flag: -s3.http.idle-conn-timeout
    [idle_conn_timeout: <duration> | default = 1m30s]

    # If non-zero, specifies the amount of time to wait for a server's response
    # headers after fully writing the request.
    # CLI flag: -s3.http.response-header-timeout
    [response_header_timeout: <duration> | default = 0s]

    # Set to false to skip verifying the certificate chain and hostname.
    # CLI flag: -s3.http.insecure-skip-verify
    [insecure_skip_verify: <boolean> | default = false]

  # The signature version to use for authenticating against S3. Supported values
  # are: v4, v2.
  # CLI flag: -s3.signature-version
  [signature_version: <string> | default = "v4"]

  # The s3_sse_config configures the S3 server-side encryption.
  [sse: <s3_sse_config>]

azure:
  # Azure Cloud environment. Supported values are: AzureGlobal, AzureChinaCloud,
  # AzureGermanCloud, AzureUSGovernment.
  # CLI flag: -azure.environment
  [environment: <string> | default = "AzureGlobal"]

  # Name of the blob container used to store chunks. This container must be
  # created prior to execution.
  # CLI flag: -azure.container-name
  [container_name: <string> | default = "cortex"]

  # The Microsoft Azure account name to be used
  # CLI flag: -azure.account-name
  [account_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # The Microsoft Azure account key to use.
  # CLI flag: -azure.account-key
  [account_key: <string> | default = ""]

  # Preallocated buffer size for downloads.
  # CLI flag: -azure.download-buffer-size
  [download_buffer_size: <int> | default = 512000]

  # Preallocated buffer size for uploads.
  # CLI flag: -azure.upload-buffer-size
  [upload_buffer_size: <int> | default = 256000]

  # Number of buffers used to used to upload a chunk.
  # CLI flag: -azure.download-buffer-count
  [upload_buffer_count: <int> | default = 1]

  # Timeout for requests made against azure blob storage.
  # CLI flag: -azure.request-timeout
  [request_timeout: <duration> | default = 30s]

  # Number of retries for a request which times out.
  # CLI flag: -azure.max-retries
  [max_retries: <int> | default = 5]

  # Minimum time to wait before retrying a request.
  # CLI flag: -azure.min-retry-delay
  [min_retry_delay: <duration> | default = 10ms]

  # Maximum time to wait before retrying a request.
  # CLI flag: -azure.max-retry-delay
  [max_retry_delay: <duration> | default = 500ms]

bigtable:
  # Bigtable project ID.
  # CLI flag: -bigtable.project
  [project: <string> | default = ""]

  # Bigtable instance ID. Please refer to
  # https://cloud.google.com/docs/authentication/production for more information
  # about how to configure authentication.
  # CLI flag: -bigtable.instance
  [instance: <string> | default = ""]

  grpc_client_config:
    # gRPC client max receive message size (bytes).
    # CLI flag: -bigtable.grpc-max-recv-msg-size
    [max_recv_msg_size: <int> | default = 104857600]

    # gRPC client max send message size (bytes).
    # CLI flag: -bigtable.grpc-max-send-msg-size
    [max_send_msg_size: <int> | default = 16777216]

    # Use compression when sending messages. Supported values are: 'gzip',
    # 'snappy' and '' (disable compression)
    # CLI flag: -bigtable.grpc-compression
    [grpc_compression: <string> | default = ""]

    # Rate limit for gRPC client; 0 means disabled.
    # CLI flag: -bigtable.grpc-client-rate-limit
    [rate_limit: <float> | default = 0]

    # Rate limit burst for gRPC client.
    # CLI flag: -bigtable.grpc-client-rate-limit-burst
    [rate_limit_burst: <int> | default = 0]

    # Enable backoff and retry when we hit ratelimits.
    # CLI flag: -bigtable.backoff-on-ratelimits
    [backoff_on_ratelimits: <boolean> | default = false]

    backoff_config:
      # Minimum delay when backing off.
      # CLI flag: -bigtable.backoff-min-period
      [min_period: <duration> | default = 100ms]

      # Maximum delay when backing off.
      # CLI flag: -bigtable.backoff-max-period
      [max_period: <duration> | default = 10s]

      # Number of times to backoff and retry before failing.
      # CLI flag: -bigtable.backoff-retries
      [max_retries: <int> | default = 10]

    # Enable TLS in the GRPC client. This flag needs to be enabled when any
    # other TLS flag is set. If set to false, insecure connection to gRPC server
    # will be used.
    # CLI flag: -bigtable.tls-enabled
    [tls_enabled: <boolean> | default = true]

    # Path to the client certificate file, which will be used for authenticating
    # with the server. Also requires the key path to be configured.
    # CLI flag: -bigtable.tls-cert-path
    [tls_cert_path: <string> | default = ""]

    # Path to the key file for the client certificate. Also requires the client
    # certificate to be configured.
    # CLI flag: -bigtable.tls-key-path
    [tls_key_path: <string> | default = ""]

    # Path to the CA certificates file to validate server certificate against.
    # If not set, the host's root CA certificates are used.
    # CLI flag: -bigtable.tls-ca-path
    [tls_ca_path: <string> | default = ""]

    # Override the expected name on the server certificate.
    # CLI flag: -bigtable.tls-server-name
    [tls_server_name: <string> | default = ""]

    # Skip validating server certificate.
    # CLI flag: -bigtable.tls-insecure-skip-verify
    [tls_insecure_skip_verify: <boolean> | default = false]

  # If enabled, once a tables info is fetched, it is cached.
  # CLI flag: -bigtable.table-cache.enabled
  [table_cache_enabled: <boolean> | default = true]

  # Duration to cache tables before checking again.
  # CLI flag: -bigtable.table-cache.expiration
  [table_cache_expiration: <duration> | default = 30m]

gcs:
  # Name of GCS bucket. Please refer to
  # https://cloud.google.com/docs/authentication/production for more information
  # about how to configure authentication.
  # CLI flag: -gcs.bucketname
  [bucket_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # The size of the buffer that GCS client for each PUT request. 0 to disable
  # buffering.
  # CLI flag: -gcs.chunk-buffer-size
  [chunk_buffer_size: <int> | default = 0]

  # The duration after which the requests to GCS should be timed out.
  # CLI flag: -gcs.request-timeout
  [request_timeout: <duration> | default = 0s]

  # Enabled OpenCensus (OC) instrumentation for all requests.
  # CLI flag: -gcs.enable-opencensus
  [enable_opencensus: <boolean> | default = true]

cassandra:
  # Comma-separated hostnames or IPs of Cassandra instances.
  # CLI flag: -cassandra.addresses
  [addresses: <string> | default = ""]

  # Port that Cassandra is running on
  # CLI flag: -cassandra.port
  [port: <int> | default = 9042]

  # Keyspace to use in Cassandra.
  # CLI flag: -cassandra.keyspace
  [keyspace: <string> | default = ""]

  # Consistency level for Cassandra.
  # CLI flag: -cassandra.consistency
  [consistency: <string> | default = "QUORUM"]

  # Replication factor to use in Cassandra.
  # CLI flag: -cassandra.replication-factor
  [replication_factor: <int> | default = 3]

  # Instruct the cassandra driver to not attempt to get host info from the
  # system.peers table.
  # CLI flag: -cassandra.disable-initial-host-lookup
  [disable_initial_host_lookup: <boolean> | default = false]

  # Use SSL when connecting to cassandra instances.
  # CLI flag: -cassandra.ssl
  [SSL: <boolean> | default = false]

  # Require SSL certificate validation.
  # CLI flag: -cassandra.host-verification
  [host_verification: <boolean> | default = true]

  # Policy for selecting Cassandra host. Supported values are: round-robin,
  # token-aware.
  # CLI flag: -cassandra.host-selection-policy
  [host_selection_policy: <string> | default = "round-robin"]

  # Path to certificate file to verify the peer.
  # CLI flag: -cassandra.ca-path
  [CA_path: <string> | default = ""]

  # Path to certificate file used by TLS.
  # CLI flag: -cassandra.tls-cert-path
  [tls_cert_path: <string> | default = ""]

  # Path to private key file used by TLS.
  # CLI flag: -cassandra.tls-key-path
  [tls_key_path: <string> | default = ""]

  # Enable password authentication when connecting to cassandra.
  # CLI flag: -cassandra.auth
  [auth: <boolean> | default = false]

  # Username to use when connecting to cassandra.
  # CLI flag: -cassandra.username
  [username: <string> | default = ""]

  # Password to use when connecting to cassandra.
  # CLI flag: -cassandra.password
  [password: <string> | default = ""]

  # File containing password to use when connecting to cassandra.
  # CLI flag: -cassandra.password-file
  [password_file: <string> | default = ""]

  # If set, when authenticating with cassandra a custom authenticator will be
  # expected during the handshake. This flag can be set multiple times.
  # CLI flag: -cassandra.custom-authenticator
  [custom_authenticators: <list of string> | default = []]

  # Timeout when connecting to cassandra.
  # CLI flag: -cassandra.timeout
  [timeout: <duration> | default = 2s]

  # Initial connection timeout, used during initial dial to server.
  # CLI flag: -cassandra.connect-timeout
  [connect_timeout: <duration> | default = 5s]

  # Interval to retry connecting to cassandra nodes marked as DOWN.
  # CLI flag: -cassandra.reconnent-interval
  [reconnect_interval: <duration> | default = 1s]

  # Number of retries to perform on a request. Set to 0 to disable retries.
  # CLI flag: -cassandra.max-retries
  [max_retries: <int> | default = 0]

  # Maximum time to wait before retrying a failed request.
  # CLI flag: -cassandra.retry-max-backoff
  [retry_max_backoff: <duration> | default = 10s]

  # Minimum time to wait before retrying a failed request.
  # CLI flag: -cassandra.retry-min-backoff
  [retry_min_backoff: <duration> | default = 100ms]

  # Limit number of concurrent queries to Cassandra. Set to 0 to disable the
  # limit.
  # CLI flag: -cassandra.query-concurrency
  [query_concurrency: <int> | default = 0]

  # Number of TCP connections per host.
  # CLI flag: -cassandra.num-connections
  [num_connections: <int> | default = 2]

  # Convict hosts of being down on failure.
  # CLI flag: -cassandra.convict-hosts-on-failure
  [convict_hosts_on_failure: <boolean> | default = true]

  # Table options used to create index or chunk tables. This value is used as
  # plain text in the table `WITH` like this, "CREATE TABLE
  # <generated_by_cortex> (...) WITH <cassandra.table-options>". For details,
  # see https://cortexmetrics.io/docs/production/cassandra. By default it will
  # use the default table options of your Cassandra cluster.
  # CLI flag: -cassandra.table-options
  [table_options: <string> | default = ""]

boltdb:
  # Location of BoltDB index files.
  # CLI flag: -boltdb.dir
  [directory: <string> | default = ""]

filesystem:
  # Directory to store chunks in.
  # CLI flag: -local.chunk-directory
  [directory: <string> | default = ""]

swift:
  # OpenStack Swift authentication API version. 0 to autodetect.
  # CLI flag: -swift.auth-version
  [auth_version: <int> | default = 0]

  # OpenStack Swift authentication URL
  # CLI flag: -swift.auth-url
  [auth_url: <string> | default = ""]

  # OpenStack Swift username.
  # CLI flag: -swift.username
  [username: <string> | default = ""]

  # OpenStack Swift user's domain name.
  # CLI flag: -swift.user-domain-name
  [user_domain_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # OpenStack Swift user's domain ID.
  # CLI flag: -swift.user-domain-id
  [user_domain_id: <string> | default = ""]

  # OpenStack Swift user ID.
  # CLI flag: -swift.user-id
  [user_id: <string> | default = ""]

  # OpenStack Swift API key.
  # CLI flag: -swift.password
  [password: <string> | default = ""]

  # OpenStack Swift user's domain ID.
  # CLI flag: -swift.domain-id
  [domain_id: <string> | default = ""]

  # OpenStack Swift user's domain name.
  # CLI flag: -swift.domain-name
  [domain_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # OpenStack Swift project ID (v2,v3 auth only).
  # CLI flag: -swift.project-id
  [project_id: <string> | default = ""]

  # OpenStack Swift project name (v2,v3 auth only).
  # CLI flag: -swift.project-name
  [project_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # ID of the OpenStack Swift project's domain (v3 auth only), only needed if it
  # differs the from user domain.
  # CLI flag: -swift.project-domain-id
  [project_domain_id: <string> | default = ""]

  # Name of the OpenStack Swift project's domain (v3 auth only), only needed if
  # it differs from the user domain.
  # CLI flag: -swift.project-domain-name
  [project_domain_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # OpenStack Swift Region to use (v2,v3 auth only).
  # CLI flag: -swift.region-name
  [region_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # Name of the OpenStack Swift container to put chunks in.
  # CLI flag: -swift.container-name
  [container_name: <string> | default = ""]

  # Max retries on requests error.
  # CLI flag: -swift.max-retries
  [max_retries: <int> | default = 3]

  # Time after which a connection attempt is aborted.
  # CLI flag: -swift.connect-timeout
  [connect_timeout: <duration> | default = 10s]

  # Time after which an idle request is aborted. The timeout watchdog is reset
  # each time some data is received, so the timeout triggers after X time no
  # data is received on a request.
  # CLI flag: -swift.request-timeout
  [request_timeout: <duration> | default = 5s]

# Cache validity for active index entries. Should be no higher than
# -ingester.max-chunk-idle.
# CLI flag: -store.index-cache-validity
[index_cache_validity: <duration> | default = 5m]

index_queries_cache_config:
  # Cache config for index entry reading. Enable in-memory cache.
  # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-read.cache.enable-fifocache
  [enable_fifocache: <boolean> | default = false]

  # Cache config for index entry reading. The default validity of entries for
  # caches unless overridden.
  # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-read.default-validity
  [default_validity: <duration> | default = 0s]

  background:
    # Cache config for index entry reading. At what concurrency to write back to
    # cache.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-read.background.write-back-concurrency
    [writeback_goroutines: <int> | default = 10]

    # Cache config for index entry reading. How many key batches to buffer for
    # background write-back.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-read.background.write-back-buffer
    [writeback_buffer: <int> | default = 10000]

  memcached:
    # Cache config for index entry reading. How long keys stay in the memcache.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-read.memcached.expiration
    [expiration: <duration> | default = 0s]

    # Cache config for index entry reading. How many keys to fetch in each
    # batch.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-read.memcached.batchsize
    [batch_size: <int> | default = 1024]

    # Cache config for index entry reading. Maximum active requests to memcache.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-read.memcached.parallelism
    [parallelism: <int> | default = 100]

  memcached_client:
    # Cache config for index entry reading. Hostname for memcached service to
    # use. If empty and if addresses is unset, no memcached will be used.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-read.memcached.hostname
    [host: <string> | default = ""]

    # Cache config for index entry reading. SRV service used to discover
    # memcache servers.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-read.memcached.service
    [service: <string> | default = "memcached"]

    # Cache config for index entry reading. EXPERIMENTAL: Comma separated
    # addresses list in DNS Service Discovery format:
    # https://cortexmetrics.io/docs/configuration/arguments/#dns-service-discovery
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-read.memcached.addresses
    [addresses: <string> | default = ""]

    # Cache config for index entry reading. Maximum time to wait before giving
    # up on memcached requests.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-read.memcached.timeout
    [timeout: <duration> | default = 100ms]

    # Cache config for index entry reading. Maximum number of idle connections
    # in pool.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-read.memcached.max-idle-conns
    [max_idle_conns: <int> | default = 16]

    # Cache config for index entry reading. The maximum size of an item stored
    # in memcached. Bigger items are not stored. If set to 0, no maximum size is
    # enforced.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-read.memcached.max-item-size
    [max_item_size: <int> | default = 0]

    # Cache config for index entry reading. Period with which to poll DNS for
    # memcache servers.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-read.memcached.update-interval
    [update_interval: <duration> | default = 1m]

    # Cache config for index entry reading. Use consistent hashing to distribute
    # to memcache servers.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-read.memcached.consistent-hash
    [consistent_hash: <boolean> | default = true]

    # Cache config for index entry reading. Trip circuit-breaker after this
    # number of consecutive dial failures (if zero then circuit-breaker is
    # disabled).
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-read.memcached.circuit-breaker-consecutive-failures
    [circuit_breaker_consecutive_failures: <int> | default = 10]

    # Cache config for index entry reading. Duration circuit-breaker remains
    # open after tripping (if zero then 60 seconds is used).
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-read.memcached.circuit-breaker-timeout
    [circuit_breaker_timeout: <duration> | default = 10s]

    # Cache config for index entry reading. Reset circuit-breaker counts after
    # this long (if zero then never reset).
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-read.memcached.circuit-breaker-interval
    [circuit_breaker_interval: <duration> | default = 10s]

  redis:
    # Cache config for index entry reading. Redis Server endpoint to use for
    # caching. A comma-separated list of endpoints for Redis Cluster or Redis
    # Sentinel. If empty, no redis will be used.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-read.redis.endpoint
    [endpoint: <string> | default = ""]

    # Cache config for index entry reading. Redis Sentinel master name. An empty
    # string for Redis Server or Redis Cluster.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-read.redis.master-name
    [master_name: <string> | default = ""]

    # Cache config for index entry reading. Maximum time to wait before giving
    # up on redis requests.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-read.redis.timeout
    [timeout: <duration> | default = 500ms]

    # Cache config for index entry reading. How long keys stay in the redis.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-read.redis.expiration
    [expiration: <duration> | default = 0s]

    # Cache config for index entry reading. Database index.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-read.redis.db
    [db: <int> | default = 0]

    # Cache config for index entry reading. Maximum number of connections in the
    # pool.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-read.redis.pool-size
    [pool_size: <int> | default = 0]

    # Cache config for index entry reading. Password to use when connecting to
    # redis.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-read.redis.password
    [password: <string> | default = ""]

    # Cache config for index entry reading. Enable connecting to redis with TLS.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-read.redis.tls-enabled
    [tls_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

    # Cache config for index entry reading. Skip validating server certificate.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-read.redis.tls-insecure-skip-verify
    [tls_insecure_skip_verify: <boolean> | default = false]

    # Cache config for index entry reading. Close connections after remaining
    # idle for this duration. If the value is zero, then idle connections are
    # not closed.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-read.redis.idle-timeout
    [idle_timeout: <duration> | default = 0s]

    # Cache config for index entry reading. Close connections older than this
    # duration. If the value is zero, then the pool does not close connections
    # based on age.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-read.redis.max-connection-age
    [max_connection_age: <duration> | default = 0s]

  fifocache:
    # Cache config for index entry reading. Maximum memory size of the cache in
    # bytes. A unit suffix (KB, MB, GB) may be applied.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-read.fifocache.max-size-bytes
    [max_size_bytes: <string> | default = ""]

    # Cache config for index entry reading. Maximum number of entries in the
    # cache.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-read.fifocache.max-size-items
    [max_size_items: <int> | default = 0]

    # Cache config for index entry reading. The expiry duration for the cache.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-read.fifocache.duration
    [validity: <duration> | default = 0s]

    # Deprecated (use max-size-items or max-size-bytes instead): Cache config
    # for index entry reading. The number of entries to cache.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-read.fifocache.size
    [size: <int> | default = 0]

delete_store:
  # Store for keeping delete request
  # CLI flag: -deletes.store
  [store: <string> | default = ""]

  # Name of the table which stores delete requests
  # CLI flag: -deletes.requests-table-name
  [requests_table_name: <string> | default = "delete_requests"]

  table_provisioning:
    # Enables on demand throughput provisioning for the storage provider (if
    # supported). Applies only to tables which are not autoscaled. Supported by
    # DynamoDB
    # CLI flag: -deletes.table.enable-ondemand-throughput-mode
    [enable_ondemand_throughput_mode: <boolean> | default = false]

    # Table default write throughput. Supported by DynamoDB
    # CLI flag: -deletes.table.write-throughput
    [provisioned_write_throughput: <int> | default = 1]

    # Table default read throughput. Supported by DynamoDB
    # CLI flag: -deletes.table.read-throughput
    [provisioned_read_throughput: <int> | default = 300]

    write_scale:
      # Should we enable autoscale for the table.
      # CLI flag: -deletes.table.write-throughput.scale.enabled
      [enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

      # AWS AutoScaling role ARN
      # CLI flag: -deletes.table.write-throughput.scale.role-arn
      [role_arn: <string> | default = ""]

      # DynamoDB minimum provision capacity.
      # CLI flag: -deletes.table.write-throughput.scale.min-capacity
      [min_capacity: <int> | default = 3000]

      # DynamoDB maximum provision capacity.
      # CLI flag: -deletes.table.write-throughput.scale.max-capacity
      [max_capacity: <int> | default = 6000]

      # DynamoDB minimum seconds between each autoscale up.
      # CLI flag: -deletes.table.write-throughput.scale.out-cooldown
      [out_cooldown: <int> | default = 1800]

      # DynamoDB minimum seconds between each autoscale down.
      # CLI flag: -deletes.table.write-throughput.scale.in-cooldown
      [in_cooldown: <int> | default = 1800]

      # DynamoDB target ratio of consumed capacity to provisioned capacity.
      # CLI flag: -deletes.table.write-throughput.scale.target-value
      [target: <float> | default = 80]

    read_scale:
      # Should we enable autoscale for the table.
      # CLI flag: -deletes.table.read-throughput.scale.enabled
      [enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

      # AWS AutoScaling role ARN
      # CLI flag: -deletes.table.read-throughput.scale.role-arn
      [role_arn: <string> | default = ""]

      # DynamoDB minimum provision capacity.
      # CLI flag: -deletes.table.read-throughput.scale.min-capacity
      [min_capacity: <int> | default = 3000]

      # DynamoDB maximum provision capacity.
      # CLI flag: -deletes.table.read-throughput.scale.max-capacity
      [max_capacity: <int> | default = 6000]

      # DynamoDB minimum seconds between each autoscale up.
      # CLI flag: -deletes.table.read-throughput.scale.out-cooldown
      [out_cooldown: <int> | default = 1800]

      # DynamoDB minimum seconds between each autoscale down.
      # CLI flag: -deletes.table.read-throughput.scale.in-cooldown
      [in_cooldown: <int> | default = 1800]

      # DynamoDB target ratio of consumed capacity to provisioned capacity.
      # CLI flag: -deletes.table.read-throughput.scale.target-value
      [target: <float> | default = 80]

    # Tag (of the form key=value) to be added to the tables. Supported by
    # DynamoDB
    # CLI flag: -deletes.table.tags
    [tags: <map of string to string> | default = ]

grpc_store:
  # Hostname or IP of the gRPC store instance.
  # CLI flag: -grpc-store.server-address
  [server_address: <string> | default = ""]

flusher_config

The flusher_config configures the WAL flusher target, used to manually run one-time flushes when scaling down ingesters.

# Directory to read WAL from (chunks storage engine only).
# CLI flag: -flusher.wal-dir
[wal_dir: <string> | default = "wal"]

# Number of concurrent goroutines flushing to storage (chunks storage engine
# only).
# CLI flag: -flusher.concurrent-flushes
[concurrent_flushes: <int> | default = 50]

# Timeout for individual flush operations (chunks storage engine only).
# CLI flag: -flusher.flush-op-timeout
[flush_op_timeout: <duration> | default = 2m]

# Stop after flush has finished. If false, process will keep running, doing
# nothing.
# CLI flag: -flusher.exit-after-flush
[exit_after_flush: <boolean> | default = true]

chunk_store_config

The chunk_store_config configures how GEM stores the data (chunks storage engine).

chunk_cache_config:
  # Cache config for chunks. Enable in-memory cache.
  # CLI flag: -store.chunks-cache.cache.enable-fifocache
  [enable_fifocache: <boolean> | default = false]

  # Cache config for chunks. The default validity of entries for caches unless
  # overridden.
  # CLI flag: -store.chunks-cache.default-validity
  [default_validity: <duration> | default = 0s]

  background:
    # Cache config for chunks. At what concurrency to write back to cache.
    # CLI flag: -store.chunks-cache.background.write-back-concurrency
    [writeback_goroutines: <int> | default = 10]

    # Cache config for chunks. How many key batches to buffer for background
    # write-back.
    # CLI flag: -store.chunks-cache.background.write-back-buffer
    [writeback_buffer: <int> | default = 10000]

  memcached:
    # Cache config for chunks. How long keys stay in the memcache.
    # CLI flag: -store.chunks-cache.memcached.expiration
    [expiration: <duration> | default = 0s]

    # Cache config for chunks. How many keys to fetch in each batch.
    # CLI flag: -store.chunks-cache.memcached.batchsize
    [batch_size: <int> | default = 1024]

    # Cache config for chunks. Maximum active requests to memcache.
    # CLI flag: -store.chunks-cache.memcached.parallelism
    [parallelism: <int> | default = 100]

  memcached_client:
    # Cache config for chunks. Hostname for memcached service to use. If empty
    # and if addresses is unset, no memcached will be used.
    # CLI flag: -store.chunks-cache.memcached.hostname
    [host: <string> | default = ""]

    # Cache config for chunks. SRV service used to discover memcache servers.
    # CLI flag: -store.chunks-cache.memcached.service
    [service: <string> | default = "memcached"]

    # Cache config for chunks. EXPERIMENTAL: Comma separated addresses list in
    # DNS Service Discovery format:
    # https://cortexmetrics.io/docs/configuration/arguments/#dns-service-discovery
    # CLI flag: -store.chunks-cache.memcached.addresses
    [addresses: <string> | default = ""]

    # Cache config for chunks. Maximum time to wait before giving up on
    # memcached requests.
    # CLI flag: -store.chunks-cache.memcached.timeout
    [timeout: <duration> | default = 100ms]

    # Cache config for chunks. Maximum number of idle connections in pool.
    # CLI flag: -store.chunks-cache.memcached.max-idle-conns
    [max_idle_conns: <int> | default = 16]

    # Cache config for chunks. The maximum size of an item stored in memcached.
    # Bigger items are not stored. If set to 0, no maximum size is enforced.
    # CLI flag: -store.chunks-cache.memcached.max-item-size
    [max_item_size: <int> | default = 0]

    # Cache config for chunks. Period with which to poll DNS for memcache
    # servers.
    # CLI flag: -store.chunks-cache.memcached.update-interval
    [update_interval: <duration> | default = 1m]

    # Cache config for chunks. Use consistent hashing to distribute to memcache
    # servers.
    # CLI flag: -store.chunks-cache.memcached.consistent-hash
    [consistent_hash: <boolean> | default = true]

    # Cache config for chunks. Trip circuit-breaker after this number of
    # consecutive dial failures (if zero then circuit-breaker is disabled).
    # CLI flag: -store.chunks-cache.memcached.circuit-breaker-consecutive-failures
    [circuit_breaker_consecutive_failures: <int> | default = 10]

    # Cache config for chunks. Duration circuit-breaker remains open after
    # tripping (if zero then 60 seconds is used).
    # CLI flag: -store.chunks-cache.memcached.circuit-breaker-timeout
    [circuit_breaker_timeout: <duration> | default = 10s]

    # Cache config for chunks. Reset circuit-breaker counts after this long (if
    # zero then never reset).
    # CLI flag: -store.chunks-cache.memcached.circuit-breaker-interval
    [circuit_breaker_interval: <duration> | default = 10s]

  redis:
    # Cache config for chunks. Redis Server endpoint to use for caching. A
    # comma-separated list of endpoints for Redis Cluster or Redis Sentinel. If
    # empty, no redis will be used.
    # CLI flag: -store.chunks-cache.redis.endpoint
    [endpoint: <string> | default = ""]

    # Cache config for chunks. Redis Sentinel master name. An empty string for
    # Redis Server or Redis Cluster.
    # CLI flag: -store.chunks-cache.redis.master-name
    [master_name: <string> | default = ""]

    # Cache config for chunks. Maximum time to wait before giving up on redis
    # requests.
    # CLI flag: -store.chunks-cache.redis.timeout
    [timeout: <duration> | default = 500ms]

    # Cache config for chunks. How long keys stay in the redis.
    # CLI flag: -store.chunks-cache.redis.expiration
    [expiration: <duration> | default = 0s]

    # Cache config for chunks. Database index.
    # CLI flag: -store.chunks-cache.redis.db
    [db: <int> | default = 0]

    # Cache config for chunks. Maximum number of connections in the pool.
    # CLI flag: -store.chunks-cache.redis.pool-size
    [pool_size: <int> | default = 0]

    # Cache config for chunks. Password to use when connecting to redis.
    # CLI flag: -store.chunks-cache.redis.password
    [password: <string> | default = ""]

    # Cache config for chunks. Enable connecting to redis with TLS.
    # CLI flag: -store.chunks-cache.redis.tls-enabled
    [tls_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

    # Cache config for chunks. Skip validating server certificate.
    # CLI flag: -store.chunks-cache.redis.tls-insecure-skip-verify
    [tls_insecure_skip_verify: <boolean> | default = false]

    # Cache config for chunks. Close connections after remaining idle for this
    # duration. If the value is zero, then idle connections are not closed.
    # CLI flag: -store.chunks-cache.redis.idle-timeout
    [idle_timeout: <duration> | default = 0s]

    # Cache config for chunks. Close connections older than this duration. If
    # the value is zero, then the pool does not close connections based on age.
    # CLI flag: -store.chunks-cache.redis.max-connection-age
    [max_connection_age: <duration> | default = 0s]

  fifocache:
    # Cache config for chunks. Maximum memory size of the cache in bytes. A unit
    # suffix (KB, MB, GB) may be applied.
    # CLI flag: -store.chunks-cache.fifocache.max-size-bytes
    [max_size_bytes: <string> | default = ""]

    # Cache config for chunks. Maximum number of entries in the cache.
    # CLI flag: -store.chunks-cache.fifocache.max-size-items
    [max_size_items: <int> | default = 0]

    # Cache config for chunks. The expiry duration for the cache.
    # CLI flag: -store.chunks-cache.fifocache.duration
    [validity: <duration> | default = 0s]

    # Deprecated (use max-size-items or max-size-bytes instead): Cache config
    # for chunks. The number of entries to cache.
    # CLI flag: -store.chunks-cache.fifocache.size
    [size: <int> | default = 0]

write_dedupe_cache_config:
  # Cache config for index entry writing. Enable in-memory cache.
  # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-write.cache.enable-fifocache
  [enable_fifocache: <boolean> | default = false]

  # Cache config for index entry writing. The default validity of entries for
  # caches unless overridden.
  # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-write.default-validity
  [default_validity: <duration> | default = 0s]

  background:
    # Cache config for index entry writing. At what concurrency to write back to
    # cache.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-write.background.write-back-concurrency
    [writeback_goroutines: <int> | default = 10]

    # Cache config for index entry writing. How many key batches to buffer for
    # background write-back.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-write.background.write-back-buffer
    [writeback_buffer: <int> | default = 10000]

  memcached:
    # Cache config for index entry writing. How long keys stay in the memcache.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-write.memcached.expiration
    [expiration: <duration> | default = 0s]

    # Cache config for index entry writing. How many keys to fetch in each
    # batch.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-write.memcached.batchsize
    [batch_size: <int> | default = 1024]

    # Cache config for index entry writing. Maximum active requests to memcache.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-write.memcached.parallelism
    [parallelism: <int> | default = 100]

  memcached_client:
    # Cache config for index entry writing. Hostname for memcached service to
    # use. If empty and if addresses is unset, no memcached will be used.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-write.memcached.hostname
    [host: <string> | default = ""]

    # Cache config for index entry writing. SRV service used to discover
    # memcache servers.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-write.memcached.service
    [service: <string> | default = "memcached"]

    # Cache config for index entry writing. EXPERIMENTAL: Comma separated
    # addresses list in DNS Service Discovery format:
    # https://cortexmetrics.io/docs/configuration/arguments/#dns-service-discovery
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-write.memcached.addresses
    [addresses: <string> | default = ""]

    # Cache config for index entry writing. Maximum time to wait before giving
    # up on memcached requests.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-write.memcached.timeout
    [timeout: <duration> | default = 100ms]

    # Cache config for index entry writing. Maximum number of idle connections
    # in pool.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-write.memcached.max-idle-conns
    [max_idle_conns: <int> | default = 16]

    # Cache config for index entry writing. The maximum size of an item stored
    # in memcached. Bigger items are not stored. If set to 0, no maximum size is
    # enforced.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-write.memcached.max-item-size
    [max_item_size: <int> | default = 0]

    # Cache config for index entry writing. Period with which to poll DNS for
    # memcache servers.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-write.memcached.update-interval
    [update_interval: <duration> | default = 1m]

    # Cache config for index entry writing. Use consistent hashing to distribute
    # to memcache servers.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-write.memcached.consistent-hash
    [consistent_hash: <boolean> | default = true]

    # Cache config for index entry writing. Trip circuit-breaker after this
    # number of consecutive dial failures (if zero then circuit-breaker is
    # disabled).
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-write.memcached.circuit-breaker-consecutive-failures
    [circuit_breaker_consecutive_failures: <int> | default = 10]

    # Cache config for index entry writing. Duration circuit-breaker remains
    # open after tripping (if zero then 60 seconds is used).
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-write.memcached.circuit-breaker-timeout
    [circuit_breaker_timeout: <duration> | default = 10s]

    # Cache config for index entry writing. Reset circuit-breaker counts after
    # this long (if zero then never reset).
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-write.memcached.circuit-breaker-interval
    [circuit_breaker_interval: <duration> | default = 10s]

  redis:
    # Cache config for index entry writing. Redis Server endpoint to use for
    # caching. A comma-separated list of endpoints for Redis Cluster or Redis
    # Sentinel. If empty, no redis will be used.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-write.redis.endpoint
    [endpoint: <string> | default = ""]

    # Cache config for index entry writing. Redis Sentinel master name. An empty
    # string for Redis Server or Redis Cluster.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-write.redis.master-name
    [master_name: <string> | default = ""]

    # Cache config for index entry writing. Maximum time to wait before giving
    # up on redis requests.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-write.redis.timeout
    [timeout: <duration> | default = 500ms]

    # Cache config for index entry writing. How long keys stay in the redis.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-write.redis.expiration
    [expiration: <duration> | default = 0s]

    # Cache config for index entry writing. Database index.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-write.redis.db
    [db: <int> | default = 0]

    # Cache config for index entry writing. Maximum number of connections in the
    # pool.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-write.redis.pool-size
    [pool_size: <int> | default = 0]

    # Cache config for index entry writing. Password to use when connecting to
    # redis.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-write.redis.password
    [password: <string> | default = ""]

    # Cache config for index entry writing. Enable connecting to redis with TLS.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-write.redis.tls-enabled
    [tls_enabled: <boolean> | default = false]

    # Cache config for index entry writing. Skip validating server certificate.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-write.redis.tls-insecure-skip-verify
    [tls_insecure_skip_verify: <boolean> | default = false]

    # Cache config for index entry writing. Close connections after remaining
    # idle for this duration. If the value is zero, then idle connections are
    # not closed.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-write.redis.idle-timeout
    [idle_timeout: <duration> | default = 0s]

    # Cache config for index entry writing. Close connections older than this
    # duration. If the value is zero, then the pool does not close connections
    # based on age.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-write.redis.max-connection-age
    [max_connection_age: <duration> | default = 0s]

  fifocache:
    # Cache config for index entry writing. Maximum memory size of the cache in
    # bytes. A unit suffix (KB, MB, GB) may be applied.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-write.fifocache.max-size-bytes
    [max_size_bytes: <string> | default = ""]

    # Cache config for index entry writing. Maximum number of entries in the
    # cache.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-write.fifocache.max-size-items
    [max_size_items: <int> | default = 0]

    # Cache config for index entry writing. The expiry duration for the cache.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-write.fifocache.duration
    [validity: <duration> | default = 0s]

    # Deprecated (use max-size-items or max-size-bytes instead): Cache config
    # for index entry writing. The number of entries to cache.
    # CLI flag: -store.index-cache-write.fifocache.size
    [size: <int> | default = 0]

# Cache index entries older than this period. 0 to disable.
# CLI flag: -store.cache-lookups-older-than
[cache_lookups_older_than: <duration> | default = 0s]