Important: This documentation is about an older version. It's relevant only to the release noted, many of the features and functions have been updated or replaced. Please view the current version.

Enterprise Open source


A role represents set of permissions that allow you to perform specific actions on Grafana resources. Refer to About users and permissions to understand how permissions work.

There are two types of roles:

  • Fixed roles, which provide granular access for specific resources within Grafana and are managed by the Grafana itself.
  • Custom roles, which provide granular access based on the user specified set of permissions.

You can use Fine-grained access control API to list available roles and permissions.

Role scopes

A role can be either global or organization local. Global roles are not mapped to any specific organization and can be reused across multiple organizations, whereas organization local roles are only available for that specific organization.

Fixed roles

Fixed roles provide convenience and guarantee of consistent behaviour by combining relevant permissions together. Fixed roles are created and updated by Grafana during startup. There are few basic rules for fixed roles:

  • All fixed roles are global.
  • All fixed roles have a fixed: prefix.
  • You can’t change or delete a fixed role.

For more information, refer to Fine-grained access control references.

Custom roles

Custom roles allow you to manage access to your users the way you want, by mapping fine-grained permissions to it and creating built-in role assignments.

To create, update or delete a custom role, you can use the Fine-grained access control API or Grafana Provisioning.

Role name

A role’s name is intended as a human friendly identifier for the role, helping administrators understand the purpose of a role. The name cannot be longer than 190 characters, and we recommend using ASCII characters. Role names must be unique within an organization.

Roles with names prefixed by fixed: are fixed roles created by Grafana and cannot be created or modified by users.

Role display name

A role’s display name is human friendly text that is displayed in the UI. When you create a display name for a role, use up to 190 ASCII-based characters. For fixed roles, the display name is shown as specified. If the display name has not been set the display name replace any : (a colon) with (a space).

Display name

A role’s display name is a human-friendly identifier for the role, so that users more easily understand the purpose of a role. You can see the display name in the role picker in the UI.


A role’s group organizes roles in the role picker in the UI.

Role version

The version of a role is a positive integer which defines the current version of the role. When updating a role, you can either omit the version field to increment the previous value by 1 or set a new version which must be strictly larger than the previous version for the update to succeed.


You manage access to Grafana resources by mapping permissions to roles. You can create and assign roles without any permissions as placeholders.

Role UID

Each custom role has a UID defined which is a unique identifier associated with the role allowing you to change or delete the role. You can either generate UID yourself, or let Grafana generate one for you.

The same UID cannot be used for roles in different organizations within the same Grafana instance.

Create, update and delete roles

You can create, update and delete custom roles by using the Access Control HTTP API or by using Grafana Provisioning.

By default, Grafana Server Admin has a built-in role assignment which allows a user to create, update or delete custom roles. If a Grafana Server Admin wants to delegate that privilege to other users, they can create a custom role with relevant permissions and permissions:delegate scope will allow those users to manage roles themselves.

Note that you won’t be able to create, update or delete a custom role with permissions which you yourself do not have. For example, if the only permission you have is a users:create, you won’t be able to create a role with other permissions.

Assign roles

Custom roles and Fixed roles can be assigned to users, the existing Organization roles and to the Grafana Server Admin role.

Visit Manage role assignments page for more details.

Scope of assignments

A role assignment can be either global or organization local. Global assignments are not mapped to any specific organization and will be applied to all organizations, whereas organization local assignments are only applied for that specific organization. You can only create organization local assignments for organization local roles.