Grafana EnterpriseFine-grained access controlPermissions


A permission is an action and a scope. When creating a fine-grained access control, consider what specific action a user should be allowed to perform, and on what resources (its scope).

To grant permissions to a user, you create a built-in role assignment to map a role to a built-in role. A built-in role assignment modifies to one of the existing built-in roles in Grafana (Viewer, Editor, Admin). For more information, refer to Built-in role assignments.

To learn more about which permissions are used for which resources, refer to Resources with fine-grained permissions.

The specific action on a resource defines what a user is allowed to perform if they have permission with the relevant action assigned to it.
The scope describes where an action can be performed, such as reading a specific user profile. In such case, a permission is associated with the scope users:<userId> to the relevant role.

Action definitions

The following list contains fine-grained access control actions.

Actions Applicable scopes Descriptions
roles:list roles:* List available roles without permissions.
roles:read roles:* Read a specific role with it’s permissions.
roles:write permissions:delegate Create or update a custom role.
roles:delete permissions:delegate Delete a custom role.
roles.builtin:list roles:* List built-in role assignments.
roles.builtin:add permissions:delegate Create a built-in role assignment.
roles.builtin:remove permissions:delegate Delete a built-in role assignment.
reports.admin:create reports:* Create reports.
reports.admin:write reports:* Update reports.
reports:delete reports:* Delete reports.
reports:read reports:* List all available reports or get a specific report.
reports:send reports:* Send a report email.
reports.settings:write n/a Update report settings.
reports.settings:read n/a Read report settings.
provisioning:reload services:accesscontrol Reload provisioning files.
users:read global:users:* Read or search user profiles.
users:write global:users:* Update a user’s profile.
users.teams:read global:users:* Read a user’s teams.
users.authtoken:list global:users:* List authentication tokens that are assigned to a user.
users.authtoken:update global:users:* Update authentication tokens that are assigned to a user.
users.password:update global:users:* Update a user’s password.
users:delete global:users:* Delete a user.
users:create n/a Create a user.
users:enable global:users:* Enable a user.
users:disable global:users:* Disable a user.
users.permissions:update global:users:* Update a user’s organization-level permissions.
users:logout global:users:* Log out a user.
users.quotas:list global:users:* List a user’s quotas.
users.quotas:update global:users:* Update a user’s quotas. users:* Get user profiles within an organization.
org.users.add users:* Add a user to an organization.
org.users.remove users:* Remove a user from an organization.
org.users.role:update users:* Update the organization role (Viewer, Editor, Admin) for an organization.
ldap.user:read n/a Get a user via LDAP.
ldap.user:sync n/a Sync a user via LDAP.
ldap.status:read n/a Verify the LDAP servers’ availability.
ldap.config:reload n/a Reload the LDAP configuration.
status:accesscontrol services:accesscontrol Get access-control enabled status.
settings:read settings:**
settings:auth.saml:enabled (property level)
Read settings
settings:write settings:**
settings:auth.saml:enabled (property level)
Update settings
server.stats:read n/a Read server stats
datasources:explore n/a Enable explore

Scope definitions

The following list contains fine-grained access control scopes.

Scopes Descriptions
roles:* Restrict an action to a set of roles. For example, roles:* matches any role, roles:randomuid matches only the role with UID randomuid and roles:custom:reports:{editor,viewer} matches both custom:reports:editor and custom:reports:viewer roles.
permissions:delegate The scope is only applicable for roles associated with the Access Control itself and indicates that you can delegate your permissions only, or a subset of it, by creating a new role or making an assignment.
reports:* Restrict an action to a set of reports. For example, reports:* matches any report and reports:1 matches the report with id 1.
services:accesscontrol Restrict an action to target only the fine-grained access control service. For example, you can use this in conjunction with the provisioning:reload or the status:accesscontrol actions.
global:users:* Restrict an action to a set of global users.
users:* Restrict an action to a set of users from an organization.
settings:** Restrict an action to a subset of settings. For example, settings:** matches all settings, settings:auth.saml:* matches all SAML settings, and settings:auth.saml:enabled matches the enable property on the SAML settings.