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Grafana documentation Alerting Manage View the state and health of alert rules
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View the state and health of alert rules

The state and health of alert rules helps you understand several key status indicators about your alerts.

There are three key components: alert rule state, alert instance state, and alert rule health. Although related, each component conveys subtly different information.

To view the state and health of your alert rules:

  1. In the left-side menu, click Alerts & IRM and then Alerting.
  2. Click Alert rules to view the list of existing alerts.
  3. Click an alert rule to view its state, health, and state history.

Alert rule state

An alert rule can be in either of the following states:

StateDescription
NormalNone of the time series returned by the evaluation engine is in a Pending or Firing state.
PendingAt least one time series returned by the evaluation engine is Pending.
FiringAt least one time series returned by the evaluation engine is Firing.
Note: Alerts will transition first to pending and then firing, thus it will take at least two evaluation cycles before an alert is fired.

Alert instance state

An alert instance can be in either of the following states:

StateDescription
NormalThe state of an alert that is neither firing nor pending, everything is working correctly.
PendingThe state of an alert that has been active for less than the configured threshold duration.
AlertingThe state of an alert that has been active for longer than the configured threshold duration.
NoDataNo data has been received for the configured time window.
ErrorThe error that occurred when attempting to evaluate an alerting rule.

Alert rule health

An alert rule can have one the following health statuses:

StateDescription
OkNo error when evaluating an alerting rule.
ErrorAn error occurred when evaluating an alerting rule.
NoDataThe absence of data in at least one time series returned during a rule evaluation.

Special alerts for NoData and Error

When evaluation of an alerting rule produces state NoData or Error, Grafana Alerting will generate alert instances that have the following additional labels:

LabelDescription
alertnameEither DatasourceNoData or DatasourceError depending on the state.
datasource_uidThe UID of the data source that caused the state.

You can handle these alerts the same way as regular alerts by adding a silence, route to a contact point, and so on.

State history view

Use the State history view to get insight into how your alert instances behave over time. View information on when a state change occurred, what the previous state was, the current state, any other alert instances that changed their state at the same time as well as what the query value was that triggered the change.

Configure the state history view

To enable the state history view, see Configuring alert state history.

View state history

To use the State history view, complete the following steps.

  1. Navigate to Alerts & IRM -> Alerting -> Alert rules.

  2. Click an alert rule.

  3. Select Show state history.

    The State history view opens.

    The timeline view at the top displays a timeline of changes for the past hour, so you can track how your alert instances are behaving over time.

    The bottom part shows the alert instances, their previous and current state, the value of each part of the expression and a unique set of labels.

    Common labels are displayed at the top to make it easier to identify different alert instances.

  4. From the timeline view, hover over a time to get an automatic display of all the changes that happened at that particular moment.

    These changes are displayed in real time in the timestamp view at the bottom of the page. The timestamp view is a list of all the alert instances that changed state at that point in time. The visualization only displays 12 instances by default.

    The value shown for each instance is for each part of the expression that was evaluated.

  5. Click the labels to filter and narrow down the results.