Grafana Cloud

Referencing component exports

Referencing exports enables Alloy to configure and connect components dynamically using expressions. While components can work in isolation, they’re more useful when one component’s behavior and data flow are bound to the exports of another, building a dependency relationship between the two.

Such references can only appear as part of another component’s arguments or a configuration block’s fields. Components can’t reference themselves.

Using references

You build references by combining the component’s name, label, and named export with dots.

For example, you can reference the contents of a file exported by the local.file component labeled target as Similarly, a prometheus.remote_write component instance labeled onprem exposes its receiver for metrics on prometheus.remote_write.onprem.receiver.

The following example shows some references.

local.file "target" {
  filename = "/etc/alloy/target"

prometheus.scrape "default" {
  targets    = [{ "__address__" = }]
  forward_to = [prometheus.remote_write.onprem.receiver]

prometheus.remote_write "onprem" {
  endpoint {
    url = "http://prometheus:9009/api/prom/push"

In the preceding example, you wired together a very simple pipeline by writing a few Alloy expressions.

Example of a pipeline

After the value is resolved, it must match the type of the attribute it is assigned to. While you can only configure attributes using the basic Alloy types, the exports of components can take on special internal Alloy types, such as Secrets or Capsules, which expose different functionality.