Grafana Cloud

Consul integration for Grafana Cloud

Consul is a service mesh solution providing a full featured control plane with service discovery, configuration, and segmentation functionality.

Consul is split into a client-server architecture by which servers provide a control plane into the cluster of clients, and clients form a mostly stateless data plane alongside the sidecar proxy on each node running your applications and services.

Since Consul provides first-class support for Envoy as a sidecar proxy, it is strongly recommended that you also install the Grafana integration for Envoy, assuming that you are using it.

This integration includes 3 useful alerts and 1 pre-built dashboard to help monitor and visualize Consul metrics.

Before you begin

This integration relies on a running Consul deployment.

Consul exposes health metrics over port 8500 by default, which the agent’s consul_exporter can then scrape.

Determine your usage scenario and potentially set up a Consul ACL token accordingly. See this tutorial from Hashicorp for further details on how to set up ACLs for your Consul instance.

  1. You can choose to use the consul_exporter configuration in the integrations Grafana Alloy configuration block, without an ACL token. This will give you access to metrics from Consul’s Status API, which is enough to populate all of the integration dashboard panels.
  2. If you want the additional metrics provided, beyond what the integration dashboard supports, you can choose to additionally provide a scrape_config entry in the metrics Grafana Alloy configuration block that targets Consul’s Prometheus-compatible Agent Telemetry API. This requires an ACL token with agent:read privileges to be specified in the scrape_config entry. Per this Consul documentation, you will need to add the following telemetry snippet to your Consul agent config. This will enable a Prometheus-compatible metrics scraping endpoint on the Consul client:
    "telemetry": {
        "prometheus_retention_time": "72h",
        "disable_hostname": true

Install Consul integration for Grafana Cloud

  1. In your Grafana Cloud stack, click Connections in the left-hand menu.
  2. Find Consul and click its tile to open the integration.
  3. Review the prerequisites in the Configuration Details tab and set up Grafana Agent to send Consul metrics to your Grafana Cloud instance.
  4. Click Install to add this integration’s pre-built dashboard and alerts to your Grafana Cloud instance, and you can start monitoring your Consul setup.

Configuration snippets for Grafana Alloy

Advanced mode

The following snippets provide examples to guide you through the configuration process.

To instruct Grafana Alloy to scrape your Consul instances, manually copy and append the snippets to your alloy configuration file, then follow subsequent instructions.

Advanced metrics snippets

prometheus.scrape "metrics_integrations_integrations_consul" {
	targets = [{
		__address__ = "localhost:8500",
		instance    = constants.hostname,
	forward_to = [prometheus.remote_write.metrics_service.receiver]
	job_name   = "integrations/consul"
	params     = {
		format = ["prometheus"],
	metrics_path = "/v1/agent/metrics"

	authorization {
		type        = "Bearer"
		credentials = "<consul_acl_token>"

To monitor your Consul instance, you must use a discovery.relabel component to discover your Consul Prometheus endpoint and apply appropriate labels, followed by a prometheus.scrape component to scrape it.

Configure the following properties within each discovery.relabel component:

  • __address__: The address to your Consul Prometheus metrics endpoint.
  • instance label: constants.hostname sets the instance label to your Grafana Alloy server hostname. If that is not suitable, change it to a value uniquely identifies this Consul instance.
  • <consul_acl_token>: change the bearer token according to the instructions given before.

If you have multiple Consul servers to scrape, configure one discovery.relabel for each and scrape them by including each under targets within the prometheus.scrape component.

Advanced integrations snippets

prometheus.exporter.consul "integrations_consul_exporter" {
	server = "localhost:8500"

discovery.relabel "integrations_consul_exporter" {
	targets = prometheus.exporter.consul.integrations_consul_exporter.targets

	rule {
		target_label = "instance"
		replacement  = constants.hostname

	rule {
		target_label = "job"
		replacement  = "integrations/consul"

prometheus.scrape "integrations_consul_exporter" {
	targets    = discovery.relabel.integrations_consul_exporter.output
	forward_to = [prometheus.remote_write.metrics_service.receiver]
	job_name   = "integrations/consul_exporter"

This integrations uses the prometheus.exporter.consul component to generate metrics from a Consul instance.

For the full array of configuration options, refer to the prometheus.exporter.consul component reference documentation.

This exporter must be linked with a discovery.relabel component to apply the necessary relabelings.

For each Consul instance to be monitored you must create a pair of these components.

Configure the following properties within each discovery.relabel component:

  • instance label: constants.hostname sets the instance label to your Grafana Alloy server hostname. If that is not suitable, change it to a value uniquely identifies this Consul instance.

You can then scrape them by including each discovery.relabel under targets within the prometheus.scrape component.

Grafana Agent static configuration (deprecated)

The following section shows configuration for running Grafana Agent in static mode which is deprecated. You should use Grafana Alloy for all new deployments.


The Consul integration installs the following dashboards in your Grafana Cloud instance to help monitor your system.

  • Consul Overview

Consul Overview

Consul Overview


The Consul integration includes the following useful alerts:

ConsulUpCritical: Consul is not up.
ConsulMasterCritical: Consul has no master.
ConsulPeersCritical: Consul does not have peers.


The most important metrics provided by the Consul integration, which are used on the pre-built dashboard and Prometheus alerts, are as follows:

  • consul_raft_leader
  • consul_raft_leader_lastcontact_count
  • consul_raft_peers
  • consul_up
  • up


# 0.0.5 - September 2023

* New Filter Metrics option for configuring the Grafana Agent, which saves on metrics cost by dropping any metric not used by this integration. Beware that anything custom built using metrics that are not on the snippet will stop working.
* New hostname relabel option, which applies the instance name you write on the text box to the Grafana Agent configuration snippets, making it easier and less error prone to configure this mandatory label.

# 0.0.4 - August 2023

* Expand with some optional Agent configuration snippets and supporting documentation

# 0.0.3 - June 2022

* Make job template variable multi-select

# 0.0.2 - October 2021

* Update all rate queries to use `$__rate_interval`, so they respect the default resolution

# 0.0.1 - December 2020

* Initial release


By connecting your Consul instance to Grafana Cloud, you might incur charges. To view information on the number of active series that your Grafana Cloud account uses for metrics included in each Cloud tier, see Active series and dpm usage and Cloud tier pricing.