Grafana LokiHTTP API

Grafana Loki HTTP API

Grafana Loki exposes an HTTP API for pushing, querying, and tailing log data. Note that authenticating against the API is out of scope for Loki.

Microservices mode

When deploying Loki in microservices mode, the set of endpoints exposed by each component is different.

These endpoints are exposed by all components:

These endpoints are exposed by the querier and the query frontend:

These endpoints are exposed by the distributor:

These endpoints are exposed by the ingester:

The API endpoints starting with /loki/ are Prometheus API-compatible and the result formats can be used interchangeably.

These endpoints are exposed by the ruler:

These endpoints are exposed by the compactor:

A list of clients can be found in the clients documentation.

Matrix, vector, and streams

Some Loki API endpoints return a result of a matrix, a vector, or a stream:

  • Matrix: a table of values where each row represents a different label set and the columns are each sample value for that row over the queried time. Matrix types are only returned when running a query that computes some value.

  • Instant Vector: denoted in the type as just vector, an Instant Vector represents the latest value of a calculation for a given labelset. Instant Vectors are only returned when doing a query against a single point in time.

  • Stream: a Stream is a set of all values (logs) for a given label set over the queried time range. Streams are the only type that will result in log lines being returned.

Timestamp formats

The API accepts several formats for timestamps. An integer with ten or fewer digits is interpreted as a Unix timestamp in seconds. More than ten digits are interpreted as a Unix timestamp in nanoseconds. A floating point number is a Unix timestamp with fractions of a second.

The timestamps can also be written in RFC3339 and RFC3339Nano format, as supported by Go’s time package.

Query Loki

GET /loki/api/v1/query

/loki/api/v1/query allows for doing queries against a single point in time. The URL query parameters support the following values:

  • query: The LogQL query to perform
  • limit: The max number of entries to return. It defaults to 100. Only applies to query types which produce a stream(log lines) response.
  • time: The evaluation time for the query as a nanosecond Unix epoch or another supported format. Defaults to now.
  • direction: Determines the sort order of logs. Supported values are forward or backward. Defaults to backward.

In microservices mode, /loki/api/v1/query is exposed by the querier and the frontend.

Response format:

{
  "status": "success",
  "data": {
    "resultType": "vector" | "streams",
    "result": [<vector value>] | [<stream value>],
    "stats" : [<statistics>]
  }
}

where <vector value> is:

{
  "metric": {
    <label key-value pairs>
  },
  "value": [
    <number: second unix epoch>,
    <string: value>
  ]
}

and <stream value> is:

{
  "stream": {
    <label key-value pairs>
  },
  "values": [
    [
      <string: nanosecond unix epoch>,
      <string: log line>
    ],
    ...
  ]
}

The items in the values array are sorted by timestamp. The most recent item is first when using direction=backward. The oldest item is first when using direction=forward.

See statistics for information about the statistics returned by Loki.

Examples

This example query

curl -G -s  "http://localhost:3100/loki/api/v1/query" \
  --data-urlencode \
  'query=sum(rate({job="varlogs"}[10m])) by (level)' | jq

gave this response:

{
  "status": "success",
  "data": {
    "resultType": "vector",
    "result": [
      {
        "metric": {},
        "value": [
          1588889221,
          "1267.1266666666666"
        ]
      },
      {
        "metric": {
          "level": "warn"
        },
        "value": [
          1588889221,
          "37.77166666666667"
        ]
      },
      {
        "metric": {
          "level": "info"
        },
        "value": [
          1588889221,
          "37.69"
        ]
      }
    ],
    "stats": {
      ...
    }
  }
}

If your cluster has Grafana Loki Multi-Tenancy enabled, set the X-Scope-OrgID header to identify the tenant you want to query. Here is the same example query for the single tenant called Tenant1:

curl -H 'X-Scope-OrgID:Tenant1' \
  -G -s "http://localhost:3100/loki/api/v1/query" \
  --data-urlencode \
  'query=sum(rate({job="varlogs"}[10m])) by (level)' | jq

To query against the three tenants Tenant1, Tenant2, and Tenant3, specify the tenant names separated by the pipe (|) character:

curl -H 'X-Scope-OrgID:Tenant1|Tenant2|Tenant3' \
  -G -s "http://localhost:3100/loki/api/v1/query" \
  --data-urlencode \
  'query=sum(rate({job="varlogs"}[10m])) by (level)' | jq

The same example query for Grafana Enterprise Logs uses Basic Authentication and specifies the tenant names as a user. The tenant names are separated by the pipe (|) character. The password in this example is an access policy token that has been defined in the API_TOKEN environment variable:

curl -u "Tenant1|Tenant2|Tenant3:$API_TOKEN" \
  -G -s "http://localhost:3100/loki/api/v1/query" \
  --data-urlencode \
  'query=sum(rate({job="varlogs"}[10m])) by (level)' | jq

Query Loki over a range of time

GET /loki/api/v1/query_range

/loki/api/v1/query_range is used to do a query over a range of time and accepts the following query parameters in the URL:

  • query: The LogQL query to perform
  • limit: The max number of entries to return. It defaults to 100. Only applies to query types which produce a stream(log lines) response.
  • start: The start time for the query as a nanosecond Unix epoch or another supported format. Defaults to one hour ago.
  • end: The end time for the query as a nanosecond Unix epoch or another supported format. Defaults to now.
  • step: Query resolution step width in duration format or float number of seconds. duration refers to Prometheus duration strings of the form [0-9]+[smhdwy]. For example, 5m refers to a duration of 5 minutes. Defaults to a dynamic value based on start and end. Only applies to query types which produce a matrix response.
  • interval: This parameter is experimental; see the explanation under Step versus interval. Only return entries at (or greater than) the specified interval, can be a duration format or float number of seconds. Only applies to queries which produce a stream response.
  • direction: Determines the sort order of logs. Supported values are forward or backward. Defaults to backward.

In microservices mode, /loki/api/v1/query_range is exposed by the querier and the frontend.

Step versus interval

Use the step parameter when making metric queries to Loki, or queries which return a matrix response. It is evaluated in exactly the same way Prometheus evaluates step. First the query will be evaluated at start and then evaluated again at start + step and again at start + step + step until end is reached. The result will be a matrix of the query result evaluated at each step.

Use the interval parameter when making log queries to Loki, or queries which return a stream response. It is evaluated by returning a log entry at start, then the next entry will be returned an entry with timestampe >= start + interval, and again at start + interval + interval and so on until end is reached. It does not fill missing entries.

Note about the experimental nature of the interval parameter: This flag may be removed in the future, if so it will likely be in favor of a LogQL expression to perform similar behavior, however that is uncertain at this time. Issue 1779 was created to track the discussion, if you are using interval please go add your use case and thoughts to that issue.

Response:

{
  "status": "success",
  "data": {
    "resultType": "matrix" | "streams",
    "result": [<matrix value>] | [<stream value>]
    "stats" : [<statistics>]
  }
}

Where <matrix value> is:

{
  "metric": {
    <label key-value pairs>
  },
  "values": [
    [
      <number: second unix epoch>,
      <string: value>
    ],
    ...
  ]
}

The items in the values array are sorted by timestamp, and the oldest item is first.

And <stream value> is:

{
  "stream": {
    <label key-value pairs>
  },
  "values": [
    [
      <string: nanosecond unix epoch>,
      <string: log line>
    ],
    ...
  ]
}

The items in the values array are sorted by timestamp. The most recent item is first when using direction=backward. The oldest item is first when using direction=forward.

See statistics for information about the statistics returned by Loki.

Examples

$ curl -G -s  "http://localhost:3100/loki/api/v1/query_range" --data-urlencode 'query=sum(rate({job="varlogs"}[10m])) by (level)' --data-urlencode 'step=300' | jq
{
  "status": "success",
  "data": {
    "resultType": "matrix",
    "result": [
      {
       "metric": {
          "level": "info"
        },
        "values": [
          [
            1588889221,
            "137.95"
          ],
          [
            1588889221,
            "467.115"
          ],
          [
            1588889221,
            "658.8516666666667"
          ]
        ]
      },
      {
        "metric": {
          "level": "warn"
        },
        "values": [
          [
            1588889221,
            "137.27833333333334"
          ],
          [
            1588889221,
            "467.69"
          ],
          [
            1588889221,
            "660.6933333333334"
          ]
        ]
      }
    ],
    "stats": {
      ...
    }
  }
}
$ curl -G -s  "http://localhost:3100/loki/api/v1/query_range" --data-urlencode 'query={job="varlogs"}' | jq
{
  "status": "success",
  "data": {
    "resultType": "streams",
    "result": [
      {
        "stream": {
          "filename": "/var/log/myproject.log",
          "job": "varlogs",
          "level": "info"
        },
        "values": [
          [
            "1569266497240578000",
            "foo"
          ],
          [
            "1569266492548155000",
            "bar"
          ]
        ]
      }
    ],
    "stats": {
      ...
    }
  }
}

List labels within a range of time

GET /loki/api/v1/labels

/loki/api/v1/labels retrieves the list of known labels within a given time span. Loki may use a larger time span than the one specified. It accepts the following query parameters in the URL:

  • start: The start time for the query as a nanosecond Unix epoch. Defaults to 6 hours ago.
  • end: The end time for the query as a nanosecond Unix epoch. Defaults to now.

In microservices mode, /loki/api/v1/labels is exposed by the querier.

Response:

{
  "status": "success",
  "data": [
    <label string>,
    ...
  ]
}

Examples

$ curl -G -s  "http://localhost:3100/loki/api/v1/labels" | jq
{
  "status": "success",
  "data": [
    "foo",
    "bar",
    "baz"
  ]
}

List label values within a range of time

GET /loki/api/v1/label/<name>/values

/loki/api/v1/label/<name>/values retrieves the list of known values for a given label within a given time span. Loki may use a larger time span than the one specified. It accepts the following query parameters in the URL:

  • start: The start time for the query as a nanosecond Unix epoch. Defaults to 6 hours ago.
  • end: The end time for the query as a nanosecond Unix epoch. Defaults to now.

In microservices mode, /loki/api/v1/label/<name>/values is exposed by the querier.

Response:

{
  "status": "success",
  "data": [
    <label value>,
    ...
  ]
}

Examples

$ curl -G -s  "http://localhost:3100/loki/api/v1/label/foo/values" | jq
{
  "status": "success",
  "data": [
    "cat",
    "dog",
    "axolotl"
  ]
}

Stream log messages

GET /loki/api/v1/tail

/loki/api/v1/tail is a WebSocket endpoint that will stream log messages based on a query. It accepts the following query parameters in the URL:

  • query: The LogQL query to perform
  • delay_for: The number of seconds to delay retrieving logs to let slow loggers catch up. Defaults to 0 and cannot be larger than 5.
  • limit: The max number of entries to return. It defaults to 100.
  • start: The start time for the query as a nanosecond Unix epoch. Defaults to one hour ago.

In microservices mode, /loki/api/v1/tail is exposed by the querier.

Response (streamed):

{
  "streams": [
    {
      "stream": {
        <label key-value pairs>
      },
      "values": [
        [
          <string: nanosecond unix epoch>,
          <string: log line>
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "dropped_entries": [
    {
      "labels": {
        <label key-value pairs>
      },
      "timestamp": "<nanosecond unix epoch>"
    }
  ]
}

Push log entries to Loki

POST /loki/api/v1/push

/loki/api/v1/push is the endpoint used to send log entries to Loki. The default behavior is for the POST body to be a snappy-compressed protobuf message:

Alternatively, if the Content-Type header is set to application/json, a JSON post body can be sent in the following format:

{
  "streams": [
    {
      "stream": {
        "label": "value"
      },
      "values": [
          [ "<unix epoch in nanoseconds>", "<log line>" ],
          [ "<unix epoch in nanoseconds>", "<log line>" ]
      ]
    }
  ]
}

You can set Content-Encoding: gzip request header and post gzipped JSON.

Loki can be configured to accept out-of-order writes.

In microservices mode, /loki/api/v1/push is exposed by the distributor.

Examples

$ curl -v -H "Content-Type: application/json" -XPOST -s "http://localhost:3100/loki/api/v1/push" --data-raw \
  '{"streams": [{ "stream": { "foo": "bar2" }, "values": [ [ "1570818238000000000", "fizzbuzz" ] ] }]}'

Identify ready Loki instance

GET /ready

/ready returns HTTP 200 when the Loki instance is ready to accept traffic. If running Loki on Kubernetes, /ready can be used as a readiness probe.

In microservices mode, the /ready endpoint is exposed by all components.

Flush in-memory chunks to backing store

POST /flush

/flush triggers a flush of all in-memory chunks held by the ingesters to the backing store. Mainly used for local testing.

In microservices mode, the /flush endpoint is exposed by the ingester.

Flush in-memory chunks and shut down

POST /ingester/shutdown

/ingester/shutdown triggers a shutdown of the ingester and notably will always flush any in memory chunks it holds. This is helpful for scaling down WAL-enabled ingesters where we want to ensure old WAL directories are not orphaned, but instead flushed to our chunk backend.

It accepts three URL query parameters flush, delete_ring_tokens, and terminate.

URL query parameters:

  • flush=<bool>: Flag to control whether to flush any in-memory chunks the ingester holds. Defaults to true.
  • delete_ring_tokens=<bool>: Flag to control whether to delete the file that contains the ingester ring tokens of the instance if the -ingester.token-file-path is specified.
  • terminate=<bool>: Flag to control whether to terminate the Loki process after service shutdown. Defaults to true.

This handler, in contrast to the deprecated /ingester/flush_shutdown handler, terminates the Loki process by default. This behaviour can be changed by setting the terminate query parameter to false.

In microservices mode, the /ingester/shutdown endpoint is exposed by the ingester.

Display distributor consistent hash ring status

GET /distributor/ring

Displays a web page with the distributor hash ring status, including the state, healthy and last heartbeat time of each distributor.

Return exposed Prometheus metrics

GET /metrics

/metrics returns exposed Prometheus metrics. See Observing Loki for a list of exported metrics.

In microservices mode, the /metrics endpoint is exposed by all components.

List current configuration

GET /config

/config exposes the current configuration. The optional mode query parameter can be used to modify the output. If it has the value diff only the differences between the default configuration and the current are returned. A value of defaults returns the default configuration.

In microservices mode, the /config endpoint is exposed by all components.

List running services

GET /services

/services returns a list of all running services and their current states.

Services can have the following states:

  • New: Service is new, not running yet (initial state)
  • Starting: Service is starting; if starting succeeds, service enters Running state
  • Running: Service is fully running now; when service stops running, it enters Stopping state
  • Stopping: Service is shutting down
  • Terminated: Service has stopped successfully (terminal state)
  • Failed: Service has failed in Starting, Running or Stopping state (terminal state)

List build information

GET /loki/api/v1/status/buildinfo

/loki/api/v1/status/buildinfo exposes the build information in a JSON object. The fields are version, revision, branch, buildDate, buildUser, and goVersion.

List series

The Series API is available under the following:

  • GET /loki/api/v1/series
  • POST /loki/api/v1/series
  • GET /api/prom/series
  • POST /api/prom/series

This endpoint returns the list of time series that match a certain label set.

URL query parameters:

  • match[]=<series_selector>: Repeated log stream selector argument that selects the streams to return. At least one match[] argument must be provided.
  • start=<nanosecond Unix epoch>: Start timestamp.
  • end=<nanosecond Unix epoch>: End timestamp.

You can URL-encode these parameters directly in the request body by using the POST method and Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded header. This is useful when specifying a large or dynamic number of stream selectors that may breach server-side URL character limits.

In microservices mode, these endpoints are exposed by the querier.

Examples

$ curl -s "http://localhost:3100/loki/api/v1/series" --data-urlencode 'match[]={container_name=~"prometheus.*", component="server"}' --data-urlencode 'match[]={app="loki"}' | jq '.'
{
  "status": "success",
  "data": [
    {
      "container_name": "loki",
      "app": "loki",
      "stream": "stderr",
      "filename": "/var/log/pods/default_loki-stack-0_50835643-1df0-11ea-ba79-025000000001/loki/0.log",
      "name": "loki",
      "job": "default/loki",
      "controller_revision_hash": "loki-stack-757479754d",
      "statefulset_kubernetes_io_pod_name": "loki-stack-0",
      "release": "loki-stack",
      "namespace": "default",
      "instance": "loki-stack-0"
    },
    {
      "chart": "prometheus-9.3.3",
      "container_name": "prometheus-server-configmap-reload",
      "filename": "/var/log/pods/default_loki-stack-prometheus-server-696cc9ddff-87lmq_507b1db4-1df0-11ea-ba79-025000000001/prometheus-server-configmap-reload/0.log",
      "instance": "loki-stack-prometheus-server-696cc9ddff-87lmq",
      "pod_template_hash": "696cc9ddff",
      "app": "prometheus",
      "component": "server",
      "heritage": "Tiller",
      "job": "default/prometheus",
      "namespace": "default",
      "release": "loki-stack",
      "stream": "stderr"
    },
    {
      "app": "prometheus",
      "component": "server",
      "filename": "/var/log/pods/default_loki-stack-prometheus-server-696cc9ddff-87lmq_507b1db4-1df0-11ea-ba79-025000000001/prometheus-server/0.log",
      "release": "loki-stack",
      "namespace": "default",
      "pod_template_hash": "696cc9ddff",
      "stream": "stderr",
      "chart": "prometheus-9.3.3",
      "container_name": "prometheus-server",
      "heritage": "Tiller",
      "instance": "loki-stack-prometheus-server-696cc9ddff-87lmq",
      "job": "default/prometheus"
    }
  ]
}

Index Stats

The /loki/api/v1/index/stats endpoint can be used to query the index for the number of streams, chunks, entries, and bytes that a query resolves to.

URL query parameters:

  • query: The LogQL matchers to check (i.e. {job="foo", env!="dev"})
  • start=<nanosecond Unix epoch>: Start timestamp.
  • end=<nanosecond Unix epoch>: End timestamp.

You can URL-encode these parameters directly in the request body by using the POST method and Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded header. This is useful when specifying a large or dynamic number of stream selectors that may breach server-side URL character limits.

Response:

{
  "streams": 100,
  "chunks": 1000,
  "entries": 5000,
  "bytes": 100000,
}

It is an approximation with the following caveats:

  • It does not include data from the ingesters
  • It is a probabilistic technique
  • streams/chunks which span multiple period configurations may be counted twice.

These make it generally more helpful for larger queries. It can be used for better understanding the throughput requirements and data topology for a list of matchers over a period of time.

Statistics

Query endpoints such as /api/prom/query, /loki/api/v1/query and /loki/api/v1/query_range return a set of statistics about the query execution. Those statistics allow users to understand the amount of data processed and at which speed.

The example belows show all possible statistics returned with their respective description.

{
  "status": "success",
  "data": {
    "resultType": "streams",
    "result": [],
    "stats": {
     "ingester" : {
        "compressedBytes": 0, // Total bytes of compressed chunks (blocks) processed by ingesters
        "decompressedBytes": 0, // Total bytes decompressed and processed by ingesters
        "decompressedLines": 0, // Total lines decompressed and processed by ingesters
        "headChunkBytes": 0, // Total bytes read from ingesters head chunks
        "headChunkLines": 0, // Total lines read from ingesters head chunks
        "totalBatches": 0, // Total batches sent by ingesters
        "totalChunksMatched": 0, // Total chunks matched by ingesters
        "totalDuplicates": 0, // Total of duplicates found by ingesters
        "totalLinesSent": 0, // Total lines sent by ingesters
        "totalReached": 0 // Amount of ingesters reached.
      },
      "store": {
        "compressedBytes": 0, // Total bytes of compressed chunks (blocks) processed by the store
        "decompressedBytes": 0,  // Total bytes decompressed and processed by the store
        "decompressedLines": 0, // Total lines decompressed and processed by the store
        "chunksDownloadTime": 0, // Total time spent downloading chunks in seconds (float)
        "totalChunksRef": 0, // Total chunks found in the index for the current query
        "totalChunksDownloaded": 0, // Total of chunks downloaded
        "totalDuplicates": 0 // Total of duplicates removed from replication
      },
      "summary": {
        "bytesProcessedPerSecond": 0, // Total of bytes processed per second
        "execTime": 0, // Total execution time in seconds (float)
        "linesProcessedPerSecond": 0, // Total lines processed per second
        "queueTime": 0, // Total queue time in seconds (float)
        "totalBytesProcessed":0, // Total amount of bytes processed overall for this request
        "totalLinesProcessed":0 // Total amount of lines processed overall for this request
      }
    }
  }
}

Ruler

The ruler API endpoints require to configure a backend object storage to store the recording rules and alerts. The ruler API uses the concept of a “namespace” when creating rule groups. This is a stand-in for the name of the rule file in Prometheus. Rule groups must be named uniquely within a namespace.

Ruler ring status

GET /ruler/ring

Displays a web page with the ruler hash ring status, including the state, healthy and last heartbeat time of each ruler.

List rule groups

GET /loki/api/v1/rules

List all rules configured for the authenticated tenant. This endpoint returns a YAML dictionary with all the rule groups for each namespace and 200 status code on success.

Example response

---
<namespace1>:
- name: <string>
  interval: <duration;optional>
  rules:
  - alert: <string>
      expr: <string>
      for: <duration>
      annotations:
      <annotation_name>: <string>
      labels:
      <label_name>: <string>
- name: <string>
  interval: <duration;optional>
  rules:
  - alert: <string>
      expr: <string>
      for: <duration>
      annotations:
      <annotation_name>: <string>
      labels:
      <label_name>: <string>
<namespace2>:
- name: <string>
  interval: <duration;optional>
  rules:
  - alert: <string>
      expr: <string>
      for: <duration>
      annotations:
      <annotation_name>: <string>
      labels:
      <label_name>: <string>

Get rule groups by namespace

GET /loki/api/v1/rules/{namespace}

Returns the rule groups defined for a given namespace.

Example response

name: <string>
interval: <duration;optional>
rules:
  - alert: <string>
    expr: <string>
    for: <duration>
    annotations:
      <annotation_name>: <string>
    labels:
      <label_name>: <string>

Get rule group

GET /loki/api/v1/rules/{namespace}/{groupName}

Returns the rule group matching the request namespace and group name.

Set rule group

POST /loki/api/v1/rules/{namespace}

Creates or updates a rule group. This endpoint expects a request with Content-Type: application/yaml header and the rules YAML definition in the request body, and returns 202 on success.

Example request

Request headers:

  • Content-Type: application/yaml

Request body:

name: <string>
interval: <duration;optional>
rules:
  - alert: <string>
    expr: <string>
    for: <duration>
    annotations:
      <annotation_name>: <string>
    labels:
      <label_name>: <string>

Delete rule group

DELETE /loki/api/v1/rules/{namespace}/{groupName}

Deletes a rule group by namespace and group name. This endpoints returns 202 on success.

Delete namespace

DELETE /loki/api/v1/rules/{namespace}

Deletes all the rule groups in a namespace (including the namespace itself). This endpoint returns 202 on success.

List rules

GET /prometheus/api/v1/rules

Prometheus-compatible rules endpoint to list alerting and recording rules that are currently loaded.

For more information, refer to the Prometheus rules documentation.

List alerts

GET /prometheus/api/v1/alerts

Prometheus-compatible rules endpoint to list all active alerts.

For more information, please check out the Prometheus alerts documentation.

Compactor

Compactor ring status

GET /compactor/ring

Displays a web page with the compactor hash ring status, including the state, health, and last heartbeat time of each compactor.

Request log deletion

POST /loki/api/v1/delete
PUT /loki/api/v1/delete

Create a new delete request for the authenticated tenant. The log entry deletion documentation has configuration details.

Log entry deletion is supported only when the BoltDB Shipper is configured for the index store.

Query parameters:

  • query=<series_selector>: query argument that identifies the streams from which to delete with optional line filters.
  • start=<rfc3339 | unix_timestamp>: A timestamp that identifies the start of the time window within which entries will be deleted. If not specified, defaults to 0, the Unix Epoch time.
  • end=<rfc3339 | unix_timestamp>: A timestamp that identifies the end of the time window within which entries will be deleted. If not specified, defaults to the current time.

A 204 response indicates success.

The query parameter can also include filter operations. For example query={foo="bar"} |= "other" will filter out lines that contain the string “other” for the streams matching the stream selector {foo="bar"}.

Examples

URL encode the query parameter. This sample form of a cURL command URL encodes query={foo="bar"}:

curl -g -X POST \
  'http://127.0.0.1:3100/loki/api/v1/delete?query={foo="bar"}&start=1591616227&end=1591619692' \
  -H 'X-Scope-OrgID: 1'

The same example deletion request for Grafana Enterprise Logs uses Basic Authentication and specifies the tenant name as a user; Tenant1 is the tenant name in this example. The password in this example is an access policy token that has been defined in the API_TOKEN environment variable. The token must be for an access policy with logs:delete scope for the tenant specified in the user field:

curl -u "Tenant1:$API_TOKEN" \
  -g -X POST \
  'http://127.0.0.1:3100/loki/api/v1/delete?query={foo="bar"}&start=1591616227&end=1591619692'

List log deletion requests

GET /loki/api/v1/delete

List the existing delete requests for the authenticated tenant. The log entry deletion documentation has configuration details.

Log entry deletion is supported only when the BoltDB Shipper is configured for the index store.

List the existing delete requests using the following API:

GET /loki/api/v1/delete

This endpoint returns both processed and unprocessed deletion requests. It does not list canceled requests, as those requests will have been removed from storage.

Examples

Example cURL command:

curl -X GET \
  <compactor_addr>/loki/api/v1/delete \
  -H 'X-Scope-OrgID: <orgid>'

The same example deletion request for Grafana Enterprise Logs uses Basic Authentication and specifies the tenant name as a user; Tenant1 is the tenant name in this example. The password in this example is an access policy token that has been defined in the API_TOKEN environment variable. The token must be for an access policy with logs:delete scope for the tenant specified in the user field.

curl -u "Tenant1:$API_TOKEN" \
  -X GET \
  <compactor_addr>/loki/api/v1/delete

Request cancellation of a delete request

DELETE /loki/api/v1/delete

Remove a delete request for the authenticated tenant. The log entry deletion documentation has configuration details.

Loki allows cancellation of delete requests until the requests are picked up for processing. It is controlled by the delete_request_cancel_period YAML configuration or the equivalent command line option when invoking Loki.

Log entry deletion is supported only when the BoltDB Shipper is configured for the index store.

Cancel a delete request using this compactor endpoint:

DELETE /loki/api/v1/delete

Query parameters:

  • request_id=<request_id>: Identifies the delete request to cancel; IDs are found using the delete endpoint.

A 204 response indicates success.

Examples

Example cURL command:

curl -X DELETE \
  '<compactor_addr>/loki/api/v1/delete?request_id=<request_id>' \
  -H 'X-Scope-OrgID: <tenant-id>'

The same example deletion cancellation request for Grafana Enterprise Logs uses Basic Authentication and specifies the tenant name as a user; Tenant1 is the tenant name in this example. The password in this example is an access policy token that has been defined in the API_TOKEN environment variable. The token must be for an access policy with logs:delete scope for the tenant specified in the user field.

curl -u "Tenant1:$API_TOKEN" \
  -X DELETE \
  '<compactor_addr>/loki/api/v1/delete?request_id=<request_id>'

Deprecated endpoints

GET /api/prom/tail

DEPRECATED: /api/prom/tail is deprecated. Use /loki/api/v1/tail instead.

/api/prom/tail is a WebSocket endpoint that will stream log messages based on a query. It accepts the following query parameters in the URL:

  • query: The LogQL query to perform
  • delay_for: The number of seconds to delay retrieving logs to let slow loggers catch up. Defaults to 0 and cannot be larger than 5.
  • limit: The max number of entries to return
  • start: The start time for the query as a nanosecond Unix epoch. Defaults to one hour ago.

In microservices mode, /api/prom/tail is exposed by the querier.

Response (streamed):

{
  "streams": [
    {
      "labels": "<LogQL label key-value pairs>",
      "entries": [
        {
          "ts": "<RFC3339Nano timestamp>",
          "line": "<log line>"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "dropped_entries": [
    {
      "Timestamp": "<RFC3339Nano timestamp>",
      "Labels": "<LogQL label key-value pairs>"
    }
  ]
}

dropped_entries will be populated when the tailer could not keep up with the amount of traffic in Loki. When present, it indicates that the entries received in the streams is not the full amount of logs that are present in Loki. Note that the keys in dropped_entries will be sent as uppercase Timestamp and Labels instead of labels and ts like in the entries for the stream.

As the response is streamed, the object defined by the response format above will be sent over the WebSocket multiple times.

GET /api/prom/query

WARNING: /api/prom/query is DEPRECATED; use /loki/api/v1/query_range instead.

/api/prom/query supports doing general queries. The URL query parameters support the following values:

  • query: The LogQL query to perform
  • limit: The max number of entries to return
  • start: The start time for the query as a nanosecond Unix epoch. Defaults to one hour ago.
  • end: The end time for the query as a nanosecond Unix epoch. Defaults to now.
  • direction: Determines the sort order of logs. Supported values are forward or backward. Defaults to backward.
  • regexp: a regex to filter the returned results

In microservices mode, /api/prom/query is exposed by the querier and the frontend.

Note that the larger the time span between start and end will cause additional load on Loki and the index store, resulting in slower queries.

Response:

{
  "streams": [
    {
      "labels": "<LogQL label key-value pairs>",
      "entries": [
        {
          "ts": "<RFC3339Nano string>",
          "line": "<log line>"
        },
        ...
      ],
    },
    ...
  ],
  "stats": [<statistics>]
}

See statistics for information about the statistics returned by Loki.

Examples

$ curl -G -s "http://localhost:3100/api/prom/query" --data-urlencode 'query={foo="bar"}' | jq
{
  "streams": [
    {
      "labels": "{filename=\"/var/log/myproject.log\", job=\"varlogs\", level=\"info\"}",
      "entries": [
        {
          "ts": "2019-06-06T19:25:41.972739Z",
          "line": "foo"
        },
        {
          "ts": "2019-06-06T19:25:41.972722Z",
          "line": "bar"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "stats": {
    ...
  }
}

GET /api/prom/label/<name>/values

WARNING: /api/prom/label/<name>/values is DEPRECATED; use /loki/api/v1/label/<name>/values

/api/prom/label/<name>/values retrieves the list of known values for a given label within a given time span. It accepts the following query parameters in the URL:

  • start: The start time for the query as a nanosecond Unix epoch. Defaults to 6 hours ago.
  • end: The end time for the query as a nanosecond Unix epoch. Defaults to now.

In microservices mode, /api/prom/label/<name>/values is exposed by the querier.

Response:

{
  "values": [
    <label value>,
    ...
  ]
}

Examples

$ curl -G -s  "http://localhost:3100/api/prom/label/foo/values" | jq
{
  "values": [
    "cat",
    "dog",
    "axolotl"
  ]
}

GET /api/prom/label

WARNING: /api/prom/label is DEPRECATED; use /loki/api/v1/label

/api/prom/label retrieves the list of known labels within a given time span. It accepts the following query parameters in the URL:

  • start: The start time for the query as a nanosecond Unix epoch. Defaults to 6 hours ago.
  • end: The end time for the query as a nanosecond Unix epoch. Defaults to now.

In microservices mode, /api/prom/label is exposed by the querier.

Response:

{
  "values": [
    <label string>,
    ...
  ]
}

Examples

$ curl -G -s  "http://localhost:3100/api/prom/label" | jq
{
  "values": [
    "foo",
    "bar",
    "baz"
  ]
}

POST /api/prom/push

WARNING: /api/prom/push is DEPRECATED; use /loki/api/v1/push instead.

/api/prom/push is the endpoint used to send log entries to Loki. The default behavior is for the POST body to be a snappy-compressed protobuf message:

Alternatively, if the Content-Type header is set to application/json, a JSON post body can be sent in the following format:

{
  "streams": [
    {
      "labels": "<LogQL label key-value pairs>",
      "entries": [
        {
          "ts": "<RFC3339Nano string>",
          "line": "<log line>"
        }
      ]
    }
  ]
}

Loki can be configured to accept out-of-order writes.

In microservices mode, /api/prom/push is exposed by the distributor.

Examples

$ curl -H "Content-Type: application/json" -XPOST -s "https://localhost:3100/api/prom/push" --data-raw \
  '{"streams": [{ "labels": "{foo=\"bar\"}", "entries": [{ "ts": "2018-12-18T08:28:06.801064-04:00", "line": "fizzbuzz" }] }]}'

POST /ingester/flush_shutdown

WARNING: /ingester/flush_shutdown is DEPRECATED; use /ingester/shutdown?flush=true instead.

/ingester/flush_shutdown triggers a shutdown of the ingester and notably will always flush any in memory chunks it holds. This is helpful for scaling down WAL-enabled ingesters where we want to ensure old WAL directories are not orphaned, but instead flushed to our chunk backend.

In microservices mode, the /ingester/flush_shutdown endpoint is exposed by the ingester.