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Beyla Quickstart Java quickstart
Grafana Cloud

Quickstart: instrument a Java service with Beyla

1. Run an instrumentable Java service

Run an instrumentable Java service or download and run a simple example Java HTTP service.

curl -OL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/grafana/beyla/main/examples/quickstart/java/Quickstart.java
javac Quickstart.java && java Quickstart

2. Download Beyla

Download the latest Beyla executable from the Beyla releases page. Uncompress and copy the Beyla executable to any location in your $PATH.

3. (Optional) get Grafana Cloud credentials

Beyla can export metrics and traces to any OpenTelemetry endpoint, as well as exposing metrics as a Prometheus endpoint. However, we recommend using the OpenTelemetry endpoint in Grafana Cloud. You can get a Free Grafana Cloud Account at Grafana’s website.

From the Grafana Cloud Portal, look for the OpenTelemetry box and click Configure.

OpenTelemetry Grafana Cloud portal

Under Password / API token click Generate now and follow the instructions to create a default API token.

The Environment Variables will be populated with a set of standard OpenTelemetry environment variables which will provide the connection endpoint and credentials information for Beyla.

OTLP connection headers

Copy the Environment Variables and keep it for the next step.

4. Run Beyla with minimal configuration

To run Beyla, first set the following environment variables:

  • The OTEL_EXPORTER_OTLP_PROTOCOL, OTEL_EXPORTER_OTLP_ENDPOINT and OTEL_EXPORTER_OTLP_HEADERS variables copied from the previous step.
  • BEYLA_OPEN_PORT: the port the instrumented service is using (for example, 80 or 443). If using the example service in the first section of this guide, set this variable to 8080.

To facilitate local testing, set the BEYLA_PRINT_TRACES=true environment variable. This causes Beyla to print traces to the standard output.

Notice: Beyla requires administrative (sudo) privileges, or at least it needs to be granted the CAP_SYS_ADMIN capability.

sh
export BEYLA_OPEN_PORT=8080
export BEYLA_PRINT_TRACES=true
export OTEL_EXPORTER_OTLP_PROTOCOL="http/protobuf"
export OTEL_EXPORTER_OTLP_ENDPOINT="https://otlp-gateway-prod-eu-west-0.grafana.net/otlp"
export OTEL_EXPORTER_OTLP_HEADERS="Authorization=Basic ...your-encoded-credentials..."
sudo -E beyla

5. Test the service

With Beyla and the service running, make HTTP requests to the instrumented service:

curl http://localhost:8080/foo

Beyla should output traces to the standard output similar to this:

2024-01-09 10:31:33.19103133 (3.254486ms[3.254486ms]) 200 GET /foo [127.0.0.1]->[127.0.0.1:8080]
size:80B svc=[{quickstart java lima-ubuntu-lts-5074}] traceparent=[00-46214bd23716280eef43cf798dbe5522-0000000000000000-01]

The above trace shows:

  • 2024-01-09 10:31:33.19103133: time of the trace
  • (3.254486ms[3.254486ms]): total response time for the request
  • 200 GET /foo: response code, HTTP method, and URL path
  • [127.0.0.1]->[127.0.0.1:8080] source and destination host:port
  • size:80B: size of the HTTP request (sum of the headers and the body)
  • svc=[{quickstart java lima-ubuntu-lts-5074}]: quickstart service, running in a java VM, with an automatically created service instance name lima-ubuntu-lts-5074
  • traceparent as received by the parent request, or a new random one if the parent request didn’t specify it

After a few minutes traces will appear in Grafana Cloud. For example, in the traces explorer:

6. Configure routing

The exposed span name in Grafana Cloud is a generic GET /**, where it should say something like GET /foo (the path of the test request URL).

Beyla groups any unknown URL path as /** to avoid unexpected cardinality explosions.

Configure routing to tell Beyla about expected routes.

For this quickstart, let Beyla to heuristically group the routes.

First, create a config.yml file with the following content:

yml
routes:
  unmatched: heuristic

Then, run Beyla with the -config argument:

sudo -E beyla -config config.yml

Finally, make HTTP requests:

curl http://localhost:8080/foo
curl http://localhost:8080/user/1234
curl http://localhost:8080/user/5678

Grafana will now heuristically assign a route to each trace. /foo got its own route while /user/1234 and /user/5678 were grouped into the /user/* route.

Beyla grouped traces

Next steps