Grafana Alloy is the new name for our distribution of the OTel collector. Grafana Agent has been deprecated and is in Long-Term Support (LTS) through October 31, 2025. Grafana Agent will reach an End-of-Life (EOL) on November 1, 2025. Read more about why we recommend migrating to Grafana Alloy.
Open source


local.file exposes the contents of a file on disk to other components. The file will be watched for changes so that its latest content is always exposed.

The most common use of local.file is to load secrets (e.g., API keys) from files.

Multiple local.file components can be specified by giving them different labels.


local.file "LABEL" {
  filename = FILE_NAME


The following arguments are supported:

filenamestringPath of the file on disk to watchyes
detectorstringWhich file change detector to use (fsnotify, poll)"fsnotify"no
poll_frequencydurationHow often to poll for file changes"1m"no
is_secretboolMarks the file as containing a secretfalseno

File change detectors

File change detectors detect when the file needs to be re-read from disk. local.file supports two detectors: fsnotify and poll.


The fsnotify detector subscribes to filesystem events, which indicate when the watched file is updated. This detector requires a filesystem that supports events at the operating system level. Network-based filesystems like NFS or FUSE won’t work.

The component re-reads the watched file when a filesystem event is received. This re-read happens for any filesystem event related to the file, including a permissions change.

fsnotify also polls for changes to the file with the configured poll_frequency as a fallback.

fsnotify stops receiving filesystem events if the watched file has been deleted, renamed, or moved. The subscription is re-established on the next poll once the watched file exists again.


The poll file change detector causes the watched file to be re-read every poll_frequency, regardless of whether the file changed.

Exported fields

The following fields are exported and can be referenced by other components:

contentstring or secretThe contents of the file from the most recent read

The content field will have the secret type only if the is_secret argument was true.

Component health

local.file will be reported as healthy whenever if the watched file was read successfully.

Failing to read the file whenever an update is detected (or after the poll period elapses) will cause the component to be reported as unhealthy. When unhealthy, exported fields will be kept at the last healthy value. The read error will be exposed as a log message and in the debug information for the component.

Debug information

local.file does not expose any component-specific debug information.

Debug metrics

  • agent_local_file_timestamp_last_accessed_unix_seconds (gauge): The timestamp, in Unix seconds, that the file was last successfully accessed.


local.file "secret_key" {
  filename  = "/var/secrets/password.txt"
  is_secret = true